Deuteronomy 33

Moses views the promised land and dies; prophecies
.1 ¶ And this is the blessing, wherewith Moses the man of God blessed the children of Israel before his death.
.2  And he said, The LORD came from Sinai, and rose up from Seir unto them; he shined forth from mount Paran, and he came with ten thousands of saints: from his right hand went a fiery law for them.
 3  Yea, he loved the people; all his saints are in thy hand: and they sat down at thy feet; every one shall receive of thy words.
 4  Moses commanded us a law, even the inheritance of the congregation of Jacob.
.5  And he was king in Jeshurun, when the heads of the people and the tribes of Israel were gathered together.
  1 - Moses This chapter and the next may have been written by another person.
  2 - Fiery law Probably should read, "burning fire."
 6 ¶ Let Reuben live, and not die; and let not his men be few.
 7  And this is the blessing of Judah: and he said, Hear, LORD, the voice of Judah, and bring him unto his people: let his hands be sufficient for him; and be thou an help to him from his enemies.
.8 ¶ And of Levi he said, Let thy Thummim and thy Urim be with thy holy one, whom thou didst prove at Massah, and with whom thou didst strive at the waters of Meribah;
 9  Who said unto his father and to his mother, I have not seen him; neither did he acknowledge his brethren, nor knew his own children: for they have observed thy word, and kept thy covenant.
.10  They shall teach Jacob thy judgments, and Israel thy law: they shall put incense before thee, and whole burnt sacrifice upon thine altar.
.11  Bless, LORD, his substance, and accept the work of his hands: smite through the loins of them that rise against him, and of them that hate him, that they rise not again.
 8 - Levi This tribe is mentioned more in the Toarh (Books of Moses) any other tribe except Joseph.

The work of his hands, v11. Jesus showed us the value of simple work
 12 ¶ And of Benjamin he said, The beloved of the LORD shall dwell in safety by him; and the LORD shall cover him all the day long, and he shall dwell between his shoulders.
.13  And of Joseph he said, Blessed of the LORD be his land, for the precious things of heaven, for the dew, and for the deep that coucheth beneath,
 14  And for the precious fruits brought forth by the sun, and for the precious things put forth by the moon,
 15  And for the chief things of the ancient mountains, and for the precious things of the lasting hills,
 16  And for the precious things of the earth and fulness thereof, and for the good will of him that dwelt in the bush: let the blessing come upon the head of Joseph, and upon the top of the head of him that was separated from his brethren.
.17  His glory is like the firstling of his bullock, and his horns are like the horns of unicorns: with them he shall push the people together to the ends of the earth: and they are the ten thousands of Ephraim, and they are the thousands of Manasseh.

  12 - Dwell between his shoulders As a child carried on his father's back.
  13 - Joseph ... blessed ... land See the promise of Jacob ge4922.
  16 - Good will God's tender care for His children ga0326. The bush would be God's presence in the burning bush Moses saw ex0302.
  17 - Unicorn Also nu2322.
18 ¶ And of Zebulun he said, Rejoice, Zebulun, in thy going out; and, Issachar, in thy tents.
.19  They shall call the people unto the mountain; there they shall offer sacrifices of righteousness: for they shall suck of the abundance of the seas, and of treasures hid in the sand.
 20  And of Gad he said, Blessed be he that enlargeth Gad: he dwelleth as a lion, and teareth the arm with the crown of the head.
 21  And he provided the first part for himself, because there, in a portion of the lawgiver, was he seated; and he came with the heads of the people, he executed the justice of the LORD, and his judgments with Israel.
  18 - Zepulun Going out to sea compared to his brother's dwelling in tents. Also in ge4913. See them beginning in nu0205.
  19 - Sacrifices of righteousness  See on ps00405.
  20 - Gad The tribe became more powerful 1ch0518, 1ch1208. Compare ge4919.
  20 - Lion Also in 1ch1208.
  21 - First part The first land conquored was divided between Reuben, Gad and half of Manasseh nu3201, nu3233.
 22 ¶ And of Dan he said, Dan is a lion's whelp: he shall leap from Bashan.
 23  And of Naphtali he said, O Naphtali, satisfied with favour, and full with the blessing of the LORD: possess thou the west and the south.
.24  And of Asher he said, Let Asher be blessed with children; let him be acceptable to his brethren, and let him dip his foot in oil.
 25  Thy shoes shall be iron and brass; and as thy days, so shall thy strength be.
  22 - Dan Also compared to a serptne or adder ge4917. Also see ge4909, jg1825-31. See map B-2.
  23 - Naphtali His territory is described in jos1932-39. Same map location as above.
  24 - Oil Indication of blessing.
 26 ¶ There is none like unto the God of Jeshurun, who rideth upon the heaven in thy help, and in his excellency on the sky.
.27  The eternal God is thy refuge, and underneath are the everlasting arms: and he shall thrust out the enemy from before thee; and shall say, Destroy them.
.28  Israel then shall dwell in safety alone: the fountain of Jacob shall be upon a land of corn and wine; also his heavens shall drop down dew.
.29  Happy art thou, O Israel: who is like unto thee, O people saved by the LORD, the shield of thy help, and who is the sword of thy excellency! and thine enemies shall be found liars unto thee; and thou shalt tread upon their high places.
Passages indicated by links often have more than one verse.

  26 - Rideth Compare ps01807, ps06833.
  27 - Refuges Or "dwelling place." See de2615 for the same Hebrew word.
  28 - Dwell in safety Jewish scholars consider this to be the time of Solomon. See 1ki0425, je2306.
  28 - Fountain of Jacob Apparently a reference to his descendants. See is4801, compare ps06826.
  29 - Enemies ... liars For the Hebrew root see ps01844, ps06603, ps08114.

Deuteronomy home
Commentary home