¶ And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,
2 If a soul sin, and commit a trespass against the LORD, and lie unto his neighbour in that which was delivered him to keep, or in fellowship, or in a thing taken away by violence, or hath deceived his neighbour;
3 Or have found that which was lost, and lieth concerning it, and sweareth falsely; in any of all these that a man doeth, sinning therein:
4 Then it shall be, because he hath sinned, and is guilty, that he shall restore that which he took violently away, or the thing which he hath deceitfully gotten, or that which was delivered him to keep, or the lost thing which he found,
.5 Or all that about which he hath sworn falsely; he shall even restore it in the principal, and shall add the fifth part more thereto, and give it unto him to whom it appertaineth, in the day of his trespass offering.
| 2 -
... was delivered him to keep What was he to have kept? Probably
animals. Overall this is the case of bad stewardship. The ninth commandment
prohibits lying ex2016.
2 - Commit a trespass From Hebrew ma'al, "to act treacherously," or "be faithless."
4 - Restore By failing to compensate the other person for losses would be evidence of not feeling sorry for the sin. If full restitution was not possible such as if the person hurt was dead, the amount would be given to the Lord represented by the priests nu0508.
5 - Fifth part 20% extra for a trespass offering.
And he shall bring his trespass offering unto the LORD, a ram without blemish
out of the flock, with thy estimation, for a trespass offering, unto the
7 And the priest shall make an atonement for him before the LORD: and it shall be forgiven him for any thing of all that he hath done in trespassing therein.
| 6 -
offering An offering was required for
the Lord, too. When sinning against our neighbor we sin against God.
7 - Priest make atonement Any priest would have been able to accept the offering and pronounce God's forgiveness. On the day of atonement, the high priest ministered before God. For that day, forgiveness is not mentioned. There it is cleansing le1630. Also see le0431.
| 8 ¶ And the LORD spake
unto Moses, saying,
9 Command Aaron and his sons, saying, This is the law of the burnt offering: It is the burnt offering, because of the burning upon the altar all night unto the morning, and the fire of the altar shall be burning in it.
10 And the priest shall put on his linen garment, and his linen breeches shall he put upon his flesh, and take up the ashes which the fire hath consumed with the burnt offering on the altar, and he shall put them beside the altar.
11 And he shall put off his garments, and put on other garments, and carry forth the ashes without the camp unto a clean place.
|10 - Linen garment Required in all sanctuary ministry. It represented purity.|
| 12 And the fire upon the altar
shall be burning in it; it shall not be put out: and the priest shall burn
wood on it every morning, and lay the burnt offering in order upon it;
and he shall burn thereon the fat of the peace offerings.
13 The fire shall ever be burning upon the altar; it shall never go out.
|13 - Ever burning God had lit the fire le0924. It was never to go out. Coals were probably preserved in a censer while the Israelites were traveling.|
| 14 ¶ And this is the
law of the meat [grain] offering: the sons of Aaron shall offer it before
the LORD, before the altar.
.15 And he shall take of it his handful, of the flour of the meat offering, and of the oil thereof, and all the frankincense which is upon the meat offering, and shall burn it upon the altar for a sweet savour, even the memorial of it, unto the LORD.
16 And the remainder thereof shall Aaron and his sons eat: with unleavened bread shall it be eaten in the holy place; in the court of the tabernacle of the congregation they shall eat it.
17 It shall not be baken with leaven. I have given it unto them for their portion of my offerings made by fire; it is most holy, as is the sin offering, and as the trespass offering.
18 All the males among the children of Aaron shall eat of it. It shall be a statute for ever in your generations concerning the offerings of the LORD made by fire: every one that toucheth them shall be holy.
|14-18 - Meat offering "Though this was a provision for the priests and their families, it was to be regarded as "most holy"; and the way in which it was prepared was: on any meat offerings being presented, the priest carried them to the altar, and taking a handful from each of them as an oblation, he salted and burnt it on the altar; the residue became the property of the priests, and was the food of those whose duty it was to attend on the service. They themselves as well as the vessels from which they ate were typically holy, and they were not at liberty to partake of the meat offering while they labored under any ceremonial defilement." (JFB commentary).|
| 19 And the LORD spake unto
.20 This is the offering of Aaron and of his sons, which they shall offer unto the LORD in the day when he is anointed; the tenth part of an ephah of fine flour for a meat offering perpetual, half of it in the morning, and half thereof at night.
21 In a pan it shall be made with oil; and when it is baken, thou shalt bring it in: and the baken pieces of the meat offering shalt thou offer for a sweet savour unto the LORD.
.22 And the priest of his sons that is anointed in his stead shall offer it: it is a statute for ever unto the LORD; it shall be wholly burnt.
23 For every meat offering for the priest shall be wholly burnt: it shall not be eaten.
|20 - Offering of Aaron ... "the daily meat offering of the high priest; for though his sons are mentioned along with him, it was probably only those of his descendants who succeeded him in that high office that are meant. It was to be offered, one half of it in the morning and the other half in the evening — being daily laid by the ministering priest on the altar of burnt offering, where, being dedicated to God, it was wholly consumed. This was designed to keep him and the other attendant priests in constant remembrance, that though they were typically expiating the sins of the people, their own persons and services could meet with acceptance only through faith, which required to be daily nourished and strengthened from above." (JFB commentary)|
| 24 ¶ And the LORD spake
unto Moses, saying,
.25 Speak unto Aaron and to his sons, saying, This is the law of the sin offering: In the place where the burnt offering is killed shall the sin offering be killed before the LORD: it is most holy.
.26 The priest that offereth it for sin shall eat it: in the holy place shall it be eaten, in the court of the tabernacle of the congregation.
- Law of the sin offering The sin offerings of both rulers
and common people represented the coming Messiah as the sin bearer and
were "most holy." Thus the prohibition of touching them. See on hg0213.
26 - Eat it Thus, as Christ bore our sins, in His flesh he0928, they were to eat the flesh and, in ceremony, bear the sins. They ate it in the court surrounding the tabernacle because Christ would die on earth. The tabernacle itself represented heaven.
| 27 Whatsoever shall touch
the flesh thereof shall be holy: and when there is sprinkled of the blood
thereof upon any garment, thou shalt wash that whereon it was sprinkled
in the holy place.
28 But the earthen vessel wherein it is sodden shall be broken: and if it be sodden in a brasen pot, it shall be both scoured, and rinsed in water.
29 All the males among the priests shall eat thereof: it is most holy.
.30 And no sin offering, whereof any of the blood is brought into the tabernacle of the congregation to reconcile withal in the holy place, shall be eaten: it shall be burnt in the fire.
- No sin offering ... eaten For the common people, the carcasses
of the animals were taken outside the camp and burned. For sins of the
anointed priest or the whole congregation, the flesh was eaten by the priests.