Leviticus 26
Do not make idols; honor Sabbath and sanctuary  1
Blessings when walking in my commandments  3
Trouble when despising the commandments  14
More punishment for continued disobedience  18
Then more punishment 21
And more  23
Then I will scatter you and the land will enjoy rest  27
For those who are left, fearful hearts, and other troubles  36
But if you confess, I will remember my covenant 40
These are the statutes between the Lord and the children of Israel  46
.1 ¶ Ye shall make you no idols nor graven image, neither rear you up a standing image, neither shall ye set up any image of stone in your land, to bow down unto it: for I am the LORD your God.
 2  Ye shall keep my sabbaths, and reverence my sanctuary: I am the LORD.
 1 'You shall not make idols for yourselves; neither a carved image nor a sacred pillar shall you rear up for yourselves; nor shall you set up an engraved stone in your land, to bow down to it; for I am the LORD your God.
 2 You shall keep My Sabbaths and reverence My sanctuary: I am the LORD. (NKJV).
.3  If ye walk in my statutes, and keep my commandments, and do them;
 4  Then I will give you rain in due season, and the land shall yield her increase, and the trees of the field shall yield their fruit.
 5  And your threshing shall reach unto the vintage, and the vintage shall reach unto the sowing time: and ye shall eat your bread to the full, and dwell in your land safely.
 6  And I will give peace in the land, and ye shall lie down, and none shall make you afraid: and I will rid evil beasts out of the land, neither shall the sword go through your land.
  3 - If ye walk ... rain The prophecy is conditional. Compare mala0310,11.
  4 - Rain in due season Very important for crops like winter wheat. See da1102, da1131. A time of no rain is seen in 1ki1107.
  5 - Threshing shall reach "The barley harvest in Judea was about the middle of April; the wheat harvest about six weeks after, or in the beginning of June. After the harvest came the vintage, and fruit gathering towards the latter end of July. Moses led the Hebrews to believe that, provided they were faithful to God, there would be no idle time between the harvest and vintage, so great would be the increase. (See Am 9:13). This promise would be very animating to a people who had come from a country where, for three months, they were pent up without being able to walk abroad because the fields were under water." (JFB Commentary)
.7  And ye shall chase your enemies, and they shall fall before you by the sword.
 8  And five of you shall chase an hundred, and an hundred of you shall put ten thousand to flight: and your enemies shall fall before you by the sword.
 9  For I will have respect unto you, and make you fruitful, and multiply you, and establish my covenant with you.
 10  And ye shall eat old store, and bring forth the old because of the new.
.11  And I will set my tabernacle among you: and my soul shall not abhor you.
.12  And I will walk among you, and will be your God, and ye shall be my people.
 13  I am the LORD your God, which brought you forth out of the land of Egypt, that ye should not be their bondmen; and I have broken the bands of your yoke, and made you go upright.

  13 - Broken bands ... upright They were free of the yoke of slavery. They would not be like animals but would stand upright.
.14 ¶ But if ye will not hearken unto me, and will not do all these commandments;
 15  And if ye shall despise my statutes, or if your soul abhor my judgments, so that ye will not do all my commandments, but that ye break my covenant:
.16  I also will do this unto you; I will even appoint over you terror, consumption, and the burning ague, that shall consume the eyes, and cause sorrow of heart: and ye shall sow your seed in vain, for your enemies shall eat it.
.17  And I will set my face against you, and ye shall be slain before your enemies: they that hate you shall reign over you; and ye shall flee when none pursuit you.
  14 - But if This may seem harsh but we realize that all we have and are come from our loving heavenly Father. If He blessed rebellion, all would be lost.
.18  And if ye will not yet for all this hearken unto me, then I will punish you seven times more for your sins.
 19  And I will break the pride of your power; and I will make your heaven as iron, and your earth as brass:
.20  And your strength shall be spent in vain: for your land shall not yield her increase, neither shall the trees of the land yield their fruits.
  18 - If ye will not ... hearken The "seven times" may represent complete punishment although we see the result of more rebellion in verse 21. 
.21  And if ye walk contrary unto me, and will not hearken unto me; I will bring seven times more plagues upon you according to your sins.
 22  I will also send wild beasts among you, which shall rob you of your children, and destroy your cattle, and make you few in number; and your high ways shall be desolate.
  Compare jg0207.
.23  And if ye will not be reformed by me by these things, but will walk contrary unto me;
 24  Then will I also walk contrary unto you, and will punish you yet seven times for your sins.
.25  And I will bring a sword upon you, that shall avenge the quarrel of my covenant: and when ye are gathered together within your cities, I will send the pestilence among you; and ye shall be delivered into the hand of the enemy.
.26  And when I have broken the staff of your bread, ten women shall bake your bread in one oven, and they shall deliver you your bread again by weight: and ye shall eat, and not be satisfied.
  26 - Bread again by weight See ez0816.
.27  And if ye will not for all this hearken unto me, but walk contrary unto me;
.28  Then I will walk contrary unto you also in fury; and I, even I, will chastise you seven times for your sins.
.29  And ye shall eat the flesh of your sons, and the flesh of your daughters shall ye eat.
 30  And I will destroy your high places, and cut down your images, and cast your carcases upon the carcases of your idols, and my soul shall abhor you.
.31  And I will make your cities waste, and bring your sanctuaries unto desolation, and I will not smell the savour of your sweet odours.
 32  And I will bring the land into desolation: and your enemies which dwell therein shall be astonished at it.
  28 - Chastise ... seven times Perhaps a complete punishment. See on ps119034.
  29 - Eat ... sons 2ki0628f, ro0510.
  31 - Cities waste Not a pleasant prospect. The curse was conditional v27, but sadly it happened is6001.
.33  And I will scatter you among the heathen, and will draw out a sword after you: and your land shall be desolate, and your cities waste.
 34  Then shall the land enjoy her sabbaths, as long as it lieth desolate, and ye be in your enemies' land; even then shall the land rest, and enjoy her sabbaths.
 35  As long as it lieth desolate it shall rest; because it did not rest in your sabbaths, when ye dwelt upon it.
  33 - Scatter you If they would refuse to listen v2.
  34 - Land rest The land was to rest for renewal as is the purpose for the weekly Sabbath.
.36  And upon them that are left alive of you I will send a faintness into their hearts in the lands of their enemies; and the sound of a shaken leaf shall chase them; and they shall flee, as fleeing from a sword; and they shall fall when none pursuit.
 37  And they shall fall one upon another, as it were before a sword, when none pursuit: and ye shall have no power to stand before your enemies.
 38  And ye shall perish among the heathen, and the land of your enemies shall eat you up.
.39  And they that are left of you shall pine away in their iniquity in your enemies' lands; and also in the iniquities of their fathers shall they pine away with them.
  38 - Perish among ... heathen Under the Assyrians, the northern ten tribes were carried away captive and were relocated. Others took their places.
.40 ¶ If they shall confess their iniquity, and the iniquity of their fathers, with their trespass which they trespassed against me, and that also they have walked contrary unto me;
 41  And that I also have walked contrary unto them, and have brought them into the land of their enemies; if then their uncircumcised hearts be humbled, and they then accept of the punishment of their iniquity:
  40 - If they ... confess Individual Jewish people have suffered during the time of Hitler and at other times but God loves them and wants to prepare them for the company of angels in heaven. He does not value one ethnic group above another ac1034.
.42  Then will I remember my covenant with Jacob, and also my covenant with Isaac, and also my covenant with Abraham will I remember; and I will remember the land.
 43  The land also shall be left of them, and shall enjoy her sabbaths, while she lieth desolate without them: and they shall accept of the punishment of their iniquity: because, even because they despised my judgments, and because their soul abhorred my statutes.
 44  And yet for all that, when they be in the land of their enemies, I will not cast them away, neither will I abhor them, to destroy them utterly, and to break my covenant with them: for I am the LORD their God.
 45  But I will for their sakes remember the covenant of their ancestors, whom I brought forth out of the land of Egypt in the sight of the heathen, that I might be their God: I am the LORD.
  42 - I will remember If they confess, v40. The Lord deals with all of us in an effort to redeem us regardless of ethnic identity. See ac1034, ro1210.
.46  These are the statutes and judgments and laws, which the LORD made between him and the children of Israel in mount Sinai by the hand of Moses.   46 - Statutes "-It has been thought by some that the last chapter was originally placed after the twenty-fifth ...  while others consider that the next chapter was added as an appendix, in consequence of many people being influenced by the promises and threats of the preceding one, to resolve that they would dedicate themselves and their possessions to the service of God." (JFB).
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