¶ And Israel abode in Shittim, and the people began to commit whoredom
with the daughters of Moab.
2 And they called the people unto the sacrifices of their gods: and the people did eat, and bowed down to their gods.
3 And Israel joined himself unto Baalpeor: and the anger of the LORD was kindled against Israel.
| 1 -
Shittim Literally "acacia trees." Joshua would later send spies
to the area of Jericho jos0201.
1 - Whoredom Physical and then spiritual.
And the LORD said unto Moses, Take all the heads of the people, and hang
them up before the LORD against the sun, that the fierce anger of the LORD
may be turned away from Israel.
5 And Moses said unto the judges of Israel, Slay ye every one his men that were joined unto Baalpeor.
|4 - Hang The tribal leaders who participated in the abominations were punished, possibly by hanging.|
¶ And, behold, one of the children of Israel came and brought unto
his brethren a Midianitish woman in the sight of Moses, and in the sight
of all the congregation of the children of Israel, who were weeping before
the door of the tabernacle of the congregation.
.7 And when Phinehas, the son of Eleazar, the son of Aaron the priest, saw it, he rose up from among the congregation, and took a javelin in his hand;
.8 And he went after the man of Israel into the tent, and thrust both of them through, the man of Israel, and the woman through her belly. So the plague was stayed from the children of Israel.
.9 And those that died in the plague were twenty and four thousand.
|9 - Those that died They would not have been spiritually ready to enter the land of promise.|
And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,
11 Phinehas, the son of Eleazar, the son of Aaron the priest, hath turned my wrath away from the children of Israel, while he was zealous for my sake among them, that I consumed not the children of Israel in my jealousy.
.12 Wherefore say, Behold, I give unto him my covenant of peace:
13 And he shall have it, and his seed after him, even the covenant of an everlasting priesthood; because he was zealous for his God, and made an atonement for the children of Israel.
- Phinehas ... wrath Compare ps06909,
11 - Jealous for my sake Literally "He was jealous of my jealousy." He responded in harmony with God's care about His people. Phinehas cared about God's reputation.
12 - Covenant of peace Literally "my covenant, peace." is5410, ez3425, mal0205.
13 - Everlasting priesthood This apparently confirmed the priesthood of Levi when His tribe stood with Moses ex3225-29.
Now the name of the Israelite that was slain, even that was slain with
the Midianitish woman, was Zimri, the son of Salu, a prince of a chief
house among the Simeonites.
15 And the name of the Midianitish woman that was slain was Cozbi, the daughter of Zur; he was head over a people, and of a chief house in Midian.
¶ And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,
17 Vex the Midianites, and smite them:
.18 For they vex you with their wiles, wherewith they have beguiled you in the matter of Peor, and in the matter of Cozbi, the daughter of a prince of Midian, their sister, which was slain in the day of the plague for Peor's sake.