2 Chronicles 12

Rehoboam reigns, shows early humility, loses gold shields, forsakes the Lord, and dies
.1 ¶ And it came to pass, when Rehoboam had established the kingdom, and had strengthened himself, he forsook the law of the LORD, and all Israel with him.
 2 And it came to pass, that in the fifth year of king Rehoboam Shishak king of Egypt came up against Jerusalem, because they had transgressed against the LORD,
.3 With twelve hundred chariots, and threescore thousand horsemen: and the people were without number that came with him out of Egypt; the Lubims, the Sukkiims, and the Ethiopians.
 4 And he took the fenced cities which pertained to Judah, and came to Jerusalem.
  2 - King of Egypt came From the context, we see that this resulted from forsaking the Lord, verses 1 and 5.
  3 - Lubims Or "Libians."
  3 - Sukkiims Unknown.
.5 Then came Shemaiah the prophet to Rehoboam, and to the princes of Judah, that were gathered together to Jerusalem because of Shishak, and said unto them, Thus saith the LORD, Ye have forsaken me, and therefore have I also left you in the hand of Shishak.
 6 Whereupon the princes of Israel and the king humbled themselves; and they said, The LORD is righteous.
 7 And when the LORD saw that they humbled themselves, the word of the LORD came to Shemaiah, saying, They have humbled themselves; therefore I will not destroy them, but I will grant them some deliverance; and my wrath shall not be poured out upon Jerusalem by the hand of Shishak. 
 8 Nevertheless they shall be his servants; that they may know my service, and the service of the kingdoms of the countries.
  5 - Shemaiah the prophet The first part of this verse is like a title of his speech for what was to follow.
  5 - Gathered Smaller cities were being taken so the princes were in Jerusalem.
  7 - The Lord saw God always wants people to live in the way of happiness. He takes no pleasure in their suffering the results of their behavior.
  7 - Shishak See verse 2.
.9 So Shishak king of Egypt came up against Jerusalem, and took away the treasures of the house of the LORD, and the treasures of the king's house; he took all: he carried away also the shields of gold which Solomon had made.
.10 Instead of which king Rehoboam made shields of brass, and committed them to the hands of the chief of the guard, that kept the entrance of the king's house.
 11 And when the king entered into the house of the LORD, the guard came and fetched them, and brought them again into the guard chamber.
 12 And when he humbled himself, the wrath of the LORD turned from him, that he would not destroy him altogether: and also in Judah things went well.
  7,8 "Their repentance and contrition was followed by the best effects; for Shemaiah was commissioned to announce that the phial of divine judgment would not be fully poured out on them--that the entire overthrow of the kingdom of Judah would not take place at that time, nor through the agency of Shishak; and yet, although it should enjoy a respite from total subversion, [Judah] should become a tributary province of Egypt in order that the people might learn how much lighter and better is the service of God than that of idolatrous foreign despots. (JFB)
  9 - Shishak king of Egypt 
  9 - Took away the treasures Dishonoring God.
.13 ¶ So king Rehoboam strengthened himself in Jerusalem, and reigned: for Rehoboam was one and forty years old when he began to reign, and he reigned seventeen years in Jerusalem, the city which the LORD had chosen out of all the tribes of Israel, to put his name there. And his mother's name was Naamah an Ammonitess.   Strengthened himself Militarily after the invasion from Shishak v9.
  Jerusalem ... chosen ... to put his name A pitiful situation. The Lord wants to put His name on our foreheads. Do we act like Rehoboam? re0703c, re1401.
 14 And he did evil, because he prepared not his heart to seek the LORD. 
 15 Now the acts of Rehoboam, first and last, are they not written in the book of Shemaiah the prophet, and of Iddo the seer concerning genealogies? And there were wars between Rehoboam and Jeroboam continually. 
.16 And Rehoboam slept with his fathers, and was buried in the city of David: and Abijah his son reigned in his stead.
  14 - prepared not his heart What a trajedy! This story reminds us to prepare our heart and the hearts of our children.
  15 - Book of Shemiah See 2ch0929.
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