2 Kings 11

Joash crowned king in spite of Athaliah
See the parallel account at 2 Chronicles 23.
.1 ¶ And when Athaliah the mother of Ahaziah saw that her son was dead, she arose and destroyed all the seed royal.
.2  But Jehosheba, the daughter of king Joram, sister of Ahaziah, took Joash the son of Ahaziah, and stole him from among the king's sons which were slain; and they hid him, even him and his nurse, in the bedchamber from Athaliah, so that he was not slain.
 3  And he was with her hid in the house of the LORD six years. And Athaliah did reign over the land.
   2 - Joash Athaliah was his grandmother.
  3 - Athaliah did reign The story pictures a monarch who was later replaced by one who deserved the throne. Compare so0306-8, ez2121.
.4 ¶ And the seventh year Jehoiada sent and fetched the rulers over hundreds, with the captains and the guard, and brought them to him into the house of the LORD, and made a covenant with them, and took an oath of them in the house of the LORD, and shewed them the king's son.
.5  And he commanded them, saying, This is the thing that ye shall do; A third part of you that enter in on the sabbath shall even be keepers of the watch of the king's house;
 6  And a third part shall be at the gate of Sur; and a third part at the gate behind the guard: so shall ye keep the watch of the house, that it be not broken down.
 7  And two parts of all you that go forth on the sabbath, even they shall keep the watch of the house of the LORD about the king.
 8  And ye shall compass the king round about, every man with his weapons in his hand: and he that cometh within the ranges, let him be slain: and be ye with the king as he goeth out and as he cometh in.
 9  And the captains over the hundreds did according to all things that Jehoiada the priest commanded: and they took every man his men that were to come in on the sabbath, with them that should go out on the sabbath, and came to Jehoiada the priest.
 10  And to the captains over hundreds did the priest give king David's spears and shields, that were in the temple of the LORD.
 11  And the guard stood, every man with his weapons in his hand, round about the king, from the right corner of the temple to the left corner of the temple, along by the altar and the temple.

Image © 2002, Goodsalt, used by permission
  4 - The text from here to v20 parallels 2ch23
  8 - Within the ranges See on v15.
.12  And he brought forth the king's son, and put the crown upon him, and gave him the testimony; and they made him king, and anointed him; and they clapped their hands, and said, God save the king.   He Jehoida. But the favor was later unappreciated 2ch2422.
  Testimony Sacred writings. The ten commandments were called this. Also see on is0820.
  God save the king Better, "May the king live." The statement is the national anthem of Great Britan (England and several cooperating countries). It and may well have come from this Bible account.
.13 ¶ And when Athaliah heard the noise of the guard and of the people, she came to the people into the temple of the LORD.
.14  And when she looked, behold, the king stood by a pillar, as the manner was, and the princes and the trumpeters by the king, and all the people of the land rejoiced, and blew with trumpets: and Athaliah rent her clothes, and cried, Treason, Treason.
  14 - Stood by a pillar On the temple porch 1ki0715,21.
.15  But Jehoiada the priest commanded the captains of the hundreds, the officers of the host, and said unto them, Have her forth without the ranges: and him that followeth her kill with the sword. For the priest had said, Let her not be slain in the house of the LORD.
 16  And they laid hands on her; and she went by the way by the which the horses came into the king's house: and there was she slain.
  15 - Without the ranges Or better, between the ranks. We would say, "under armed escort."
 17 ¶ And Jehoiada made a covenant between the LORD and the king and the people, that they should be the LORD'S people; between the king also and the people.
.18  And all the people of the land went into the house of Baal, and brake it down; his altars and his images brake they in pieces thoroughly, and slew Mattan the priest of Baal before the altars. And the priest appointed officers over the house of the LORD.
 19  And he took the rulers over hundreds, and the captains, and the guard, and all the people of the land; and they brought down the king from the house of the LORD, and came by the way of the gate of the guard to the king's house. And he sat on the throne of the kings.
  17 - Jehoida This is the type of leadership which was often missing. He restored true worship.
  17 - Covenant "The covenant with the Lord was a renewal of the national covenant with Israel (Ex 19:1-24:18; 'to be unto him a people of inheritance,' De 4:6; 27:9). The covenant between the king and the people was the consequence of this, and by it the king bound himself to rule according to the divine law, while the people engaged to submit, to give him allegiance as the Lord's anointed. The immediate fruit of this renewal of the covenant was the destruction of the temple and the slaughter of the priests of Baal (see 2Ki 10:26[7]); the restoration of the pure worship of God in all its ancient integrity; and the establishment of the young king on the hereditary throne of Judah...." (JFB)
 20  And all the people of the land rejoiced, and the city was in quiet: and they slew Athaliah with the sword beside the king's house.
.21  Seven years old was Jehoash when he began to reign.
  21 - Jehoash The same as "Joash" v2. The end of his story was not so good 2ch24.
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