1 Samuel 28

Saul and the Spirit Medium of Endor
  1 ¶ And it came to pass in those days, that the Philistines gathered their armies together for warfare, to fight with Israel. And Achish said unto David, Know thou assuredly, that thou shalt go out with me to battle, thou and thy men.
 2  And David said to Achish, Surely thou shalt know what thy servant can do. And Achish said to David, Therefore will I make thee keeper of mine head for ever.
 3  Now Samuel was dead, and all Israel had lamented him, and buried him in Ramah, even in his own city. And Saul had put away those that had familiar spirits, and the wizards, out of the land.
.4  And the Philistines gathered themselves together, and came and pitched in Shunem: and Saul gathered all Israel together, and they pitched in Gilboa.
 5  And when Saul saw the host of the Philistines, he was afraid, and his heart greatly trembled.
.6  And when Saul enquired of the LORD, the LORD answered him not, neither by dreams, nor by Urim, nor by prophets.
   1 - Go with me to battle David fought with the Philistines.
   3 - Ramah See Jerusalem vicinity map, top.
   4 - Shunem See the lower part of the Galilee map.
   6 - The Lord did not answer Saul had killed the priests, refused the advice sent by Samuel, and sent David into exile. He had not changed but was hoping for a way to save his throne.
   6 - Urim One of two stones in the breastplate of the high priest through which God communicated His will. ex2830.
.7 ¶ Then said Saul unto his servants, Seek me a woman that hath a familiar spirit, that I may go to her, and enquire of her. And his servants said to him, Behold, there is a woman that hath a familiar spirit at Endor.
.8  And Saul disguised himself, and put on other raiment, and he went, and two men with him, and they came to the woman by night: and he said, I pray thee, divine unto me by the familiar spirit, and bring me him up, whom I shall name unto thee.
 9  And the woman said unto him, Behold, thou knowest what Saul hath done, how he hath cut off those that have familiar spirits, and the wizards, out of the land: wherefore then layest thou a snare for my life, to cause me to die?
 10  And Saul sware to her by the LORD, saying, As the LORD liveth, there shall no punishment happen to thee for this thing,
   7 - With a spirit God had expressly forbidden the occult practices le1931; de1811f. And Saul had acted to rid the land of spirit mediums v9.
   7 - Endor South of Mt. Tabor. See map. The town is also mentioned in jos1711.
   10 - No punishment Saul confirmed his rebellion against God who had declared that such persons should be put to death le2027. This is a clear example of taking the Lord's name in vain.
.11  Then said the woman, Whom shall I bring up unto thee? And he said, Bring me up Samuel.
 12  And when the woman saw Samuel, she cried with a loud voice: and the woman spake to Saul, saying, Why hast thou deceived me? for thou art Saul.
 13  And the king said unto her, Be not afraid: for what sawest thou? And the woman said unto Saul, I saw gods ascending out of the earth.
 14  And he said unto her, What form is he of? And she said, An old man cometh up; and he is covered with a mantle. And Saul perceived that it was Samuel, and he stooped with his face to the ground, and bowed himself.
   11 - Samuel Saul had refused to listen to the prophet and his object now was not repentance. Could it have been Samuel? We answer in the discussion at the bottom of this page.
   12 - Cried The woman's question implies that the spirit had revealed Saul's hidden identity.
   13 - Gods ascending The occult is basically worship. Animist people today worship their ancestors. And millions bow to apparitions they believe to be Mary re1201ama - jn0205.
 15 ¶ And Samuel said to Saul, Why hast thou disquieted me, to bring me up? And Saul answered, I am sore distressed; for the Philistines make war against me, and God is departed from me, and answereth me no more, neither by prophets, nor by dreams: therefore I have called thee, that thou mayest make known unto me what I shall do.
 16  Then said Samuel, Wherefore then dost thou ask of me, seeing the LORD is departed from thee, and is become thine enemy?
17  And the LORD hath done to him, as he spake by me: for the LORD hath rent the kingdom out of thine hand, and given it to thy neighbour, even to David:
 18  Because thou obeyedst not the voice of the LORD, nor executedst his fierce wrath upon Amalek, therefore hath the LORD done this thing unto thee this day.
 19  Moreover the LORD will also deliver Israel with thee into the hand of the Philistines: and to morrow shalt thou and thy sons be with me: the LORD also shall deliver the host of Israel into the hand of the Philistines.
 20 ¶ Then Saul fell straightway all along on the earth, and was sore afraid, because of the words of Samuel: and there was no strength in him; for he had eaten no bread all the day, nor all the night.
 21  And the woman came unto Saul, and saw that he was sore troubled, and said unto him, Behold, thine handmaid hath obeyed thy voice, and I have put my life in my hand, and have hearkened unto thy words which thou spakest unto me.
 22  Now therefore, I pray thee, hearken thou also unto the voice of thine handmaid, and let me set a morsel of bread before thee; and eat, that thou mayest have strength, when thou goest on thy way.
 23  But he refused, and said, I will not eat. But his servants, together with the woman, compelled him; and he hearkened unto their voice. So he arose from the earth, and sat upon the bed.
 24  And the woman had a fat calf in the house; and she hasted, and killed it, and took flour, and kneaded it, and did bake unleavened bread thereof:
 25  And she brought it before Saul, and before his servants; and they did eat. Then they rose up, and went away that night.

   15 - Samuel said Not the Samuel he was pretending to be.
   The whole tone of the message is characteristic of how Satan works. He deceives, traps, and then takes pleasure in tormenting his victims. Then he sells the idea that God has these characteristics r14x.
  19 - Deliver Israel This was the objective of the evil one.
  19 - Be with me In the land of the dead. See ez3218 and the rest of the chapter.
Was it Samuel?
Samuel was dead 1sa2501. If, as some believe, he went to heaven, Satan would not have been given permission to bring him down in response to the incantations of a wicked woman. Also God had already refused to communicate by dreams, Urim, or prophets (verse 6). The Lord's disapproval is recorded in 1ch1013f, noting that Saul died for his transgressions. He inquired of an evil spirit and not of the Lord. The figure that appeared to the spiritualist woman was an impersonation of the prophet by an evil angel, perhaps by Satan himself. If he could transform himself to appear as an angel of light 2co1114, he or an appointed evil angel could also appear as the prophet Samuel. In verse 11 above, we see that Samuel was supposedly brought up. By popular theology we would expect righteous people like Samuel to come down from heaven. Pagan ideas assumed all the dead were below ground. The popular pagan idea about death had slipped into the beliefs of God's people before Jesus' time. For a quick note about what the Bible says about death, see on the story of the rich man and Lazarus lu16b. Also read John 11. Other evidence is in the discussion above.

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