2 Samuel 7

David had conquered his enemies; Encouraged to build temple 1
The Lord's message for David; his son will build, not him 4
David prays; praises God in prayer 18
He asks for a house 25
.1 ¶ And it came to pass, when the king sat in his house, and the LORD had given him rest round about from all his enemies;
.2  That the king said unto Nathan the prophet, See now, I dwell in an house of cedar, but the ark of God dwelleth within curtains.
.3  And Nathan said to the king, Go, do all that is in thine heart; for the LORD is with thee.
  1 - Sat Or "dwelt" which is more in harmony with the context. In either case, the verb is yashab.
  2 - Nathan the prophet Although not mentioned earlier, he was important to David and also served Solomon. See 2sa12; 1ki0110-12, 34,38.
  2 - Curtains The Hebrew word appears in ex26 and ex36. describing the covering of the tabernacle.
  3 - Do ... the Lord is with thee Some people expect that prophets are beyond error. We will see as we continue that it was not the Lord's plan for David to build a temple. God doesn't make mistakes but he may permit them. Why, in this case, we don't know. In our own prayers we should not expect God to pay attention to us if we are not sincere lu1105-13, ja0516, 1th0517. God loves us and wants to bless us but wants us to remember that prayer is not a matter of saying the right words. It must express a heart relationship.
.4 ¶ And it came to pass that night, that the word of the LORD came unto Nathan, saying,
 5  Go and tell my servant David, Thus saith the LORD, Shalt thou build me an house for me to dwell in?
 6  Whereas I have not dwelt in any house since the time that I brought up the children of Israel out of Egypt, even to this day, but have walked in a tent and in a tabernacle.
 7  In all the places wherein I have walked with all the children of Israel spake I a word with any of the tribes of Israel, whom I commanded to feed my people Israel, saying, Why build ye not me an house of cedar?
.8  Now therefore so shalt thou say unto my servant David, Thus saith the LORD of hosts, I took thee from the sheepcote, from following the sheep, to be ruler over my people, over Israel:
 9  And I was with thee whithersoever thou wentest, and have cut off all thine enemies out of thy sight, and have made thee a great name, like unto the name of the great men that are in the earth.
  4 - Word of the Lord In verse 3, Nathan had told David to do all that he wanted for the Lord was with him. Now we see that this was not the Lord's will.
  5 - Shall you build me a house? The Lord has a disappointing message for David. First He assures the king reminding him of the blessings given.
  5 - My servant David had spoken with prophetic authority in the psalms. (also see ac0230). Now he was to hear a prophet the Lord had sent. Prophetic claims can be tested by the scriptures. nu1206, de1301-3, mt0715-20, 1jo0401-3
  5 - Shalt thou build? .Compare the parallel passage: 1ch1704.
  6 - Whereas ... not dwelt Or "Because." The children of Israel had been brought out of Egypt about 450 years earlier.
  8 - Sheepcote From naveh. Literally a dwelling place. In this case, for sheep. David had been a shepherd 1sa1611.
.10  Moreover I will appoint a place for my people Israel, and will plant them, that they may dwell in a place of their own, and move no more; neither shall the children of wickedness afflict them any more, as beforetime,
 11  And as since the time that I commanded judges to be over my people Israel, and have caused thee to rest from all thine enemies. Also the LORD telleth thee that he will make thee an house.
.12  And when thy days be fulfilled, and thou shalt sleep with thy fathers, I will set up thy seed after thee, which shall proceed out of thy bowels, and I will establish his kingdom.
   10 - A permanent place for God's people David's rule was the peak of the glory of Israel. In comparison, God promises a place without affliction and no argument about who the land belongs to. This is the new earth and the promise is for us, too.
   12 - Sleep with your fathers David was to sleep in the grave at the end of his life, before going to the permanent place ac0229.
.13  He shall build an house for my name, and I will stablish the throne of his kingdom for ever.
.14  I will be his father, and he shall be my son. If he commit iniquity, I will chasten him with the rod of men, and with the stripes of the children of men:
 15  But my mercy shall not depart away from him, as I took it from Saul, whom I put away before thee.
.16  And thine house and thy kingdom shall be established for ever before thee: thy throne shall be established for ever.
 17  According to all these words, and according to all this vision, so did Nathan speak unto David.
   13-16 - The kingdom would be forever Obviously David's son would build the temple, too. The dynasty as we think of it, however, ended. God had something more in mind for the kingdom. Ezekiel explained more clearly ez2127. We don't know how the promise might have been fulfilled had God's people and His leaders been faithful.
.18 ¶ Then went king David in, and sat before the LORD, and he said, Who am I, O Lord GOD? and what is my house, that thou hast brought me hitherto?
 19  And this was yet a small thing in thy sight, O Lord GOD; but thou hast spoken also of thy servant's house for a great while to come. And is this the manner of man, O Lord GOD?
 20  And what can David say more unto thee? for thou, Lord GOD, knowest thy servant.
 21  For thy word's sake, and according to thine own heart, hast thou done all these great things, to make thy servant know them.
  18 - David sat before the Lord Probably in the temple.
  21 - Thy word's sake 1ch1719, ps13210, 2ch0642.
 22  Wherefore thou art great, O LORD God: for there is none like thee, neither is there any God beside thee, according to all that we have heard with our ears.
 23  And what one nation in the earth is like thy people, even like Israel, whom God went to redeem for a people to himself, and to make him a name, and to do for you great things and terrible, for thy land, before thy people, which thou redeemedst to thee from Egypt, from the nations and their gods?
 24  For thou hast confirmed to thyself thy people Israel to be a people unto thee for ever: and thou, LORD, art become their God.
  22 - Thou art great This is more than a statement of fact See ps08608-10, ps07119, ps08906-8.
  23 - What nation is like thy people God had given the Hebrew people powerful truth. The Lord had honored them de0407, de3234.
.25  And now, O LORD God, the word that thou hast spoken concerning thy servant, and concerning his house, establish it for ever, and do as thou hast said.
 26  And let thy name be magnified for ever, saying, The LORD of hosts is the God over Israel: and let the house of thy servant David be established before thee.
 27  For thou, O LORD of hosts, God of Israel, hast revealed to thy servant, saying, I will build thee an house: therefore hath thy servant found in his heart to pray this prayer unto thee.
 28  And now, O Lord GOD, thou art that God, and thy words be true, and thou hast promised this goodness unto thy servant:
 29  Therefore now let it please thee to bless the house of thy servant, that it may continue for ever before thee: for thou, O Lord GOD, hast spoken it: and with thy blessing let the house of thy servant be blessed for ever.
  26 - Thy name ... magnified The glory was God's. Satan, in contrast, wanted to show his own glory is1413, lu0214, re0513.
  29 - Bless this house The clause is used as a prayer.
  29 - Blessed for ever Compare the parallel sentenced in 1ch1727.

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