¶ Then the LORD answered Job out of the whirlwind, and said,
.2 Who is this that darkeneth counsel by words without knowledge?
.3 Gird up now thy loins like a man; for I will demand of thee, and answer thou me.
- Whirlwind We might think of a tornado or a tropical storm.
2 - Words Elihu had been speaking about God since chapter 32 jb32. The Lord Himself will help Job understand. In Chapter 42 jb42 Job responds recognizing God's greatness and asking for instruction. Eliphaz, the oldest, is reprimanded. The lesson for us is that a person may speak or write eloquently and sincerely but be a false prophet.
3 - Gird up thy loins The robe normally worn was cumbersome for serious action. Apparently they lifted the lower part to fasten higher. The expression is common 2ki0429, je0117, 1pe0113.
| 4 ¶ Where wast thou
when I laid the foundations of the earth? declare, if thou hast understanding.
5 Who hath laid the measures thereof, if thou knowest? or who hath stretched the line upon it?
6 Whereupon are the foundations thereof fastened? or who laid the corner stone thereof;
.7 When the morning stars sang together, and all the sons of God shouted for joy?
.8 Or who shut up the sea with doors, when it brake forth, as if it had issued out of the womb?
9 When I made the cloud the garment thereof, and thick darkness a swaddlingband for it,
10 And brake up for it my decreed place, and set bars and doors,
.11 And said, Hitherto shalt thou come, but no further: and here shall thy proud waves be stayed?
|7 - Morning stars sang In v4 God asks Job where he was when God laid the foundations of the earth? Job wasn't there but the stars and the sons of God were. There was life in God's universe long before our earth was created. Response to jb0309. Also we find more than one world at he1103.|
| 12 ¶ Hast thou commanded
the morning since thy days; and caused the dayspring to know his place;
13 That it might take hold of the ends of the earth, that the wicked might be shaken out of it?
14 It is turned as clay to the seal; and they stand as a garment.
15 And from the wicked their light is withholden, and the high arm shall be broken.
16 Hast thou entered into the springs of the sea? or hast thou walked in the search of the depth?
17 Have the gates of death been opened unto thee? or hast thou seen the doors of the shadow of death?
18 Hast thou perceived the breadth of the earth? declare if thou knowest it all.
19 Where is the way where light dwelleth? and as for darkness, where is the place thereof,
20 That thou shouldest take it to the bound thereof, and that thou shouldest know the paths to the house thereof?
21 Knowest thou it, because thou wast then born? or because the number of thy days is great?
.22 Hast thou entered into the treasures of the snow? or hast thou seen the treasures of the hail,
23 Which I have reserved against the time of trouble, against the day of battle and war?
.24 By what way is the light parted, which scattereth the east wind upon the earth?
|24 - East wind A problem for the people of Palestine. See je2222.|
| 25 ¶ Who hath divided
a watercourse for the overflowing of waters, or a way for the lightning
26 To cause it to rain on the earth, where no man is; on the wilderness, wherein there is no man;
27 To satisfy the desolate and waste ground; and to cause the bud of the tender herb to spring forth?
28 Hath the rain a father? or who hath begotten the drops of dew?
29 Out of whose womb came the ice? and the hoary frost of heaven, who hath gendered it?
- Divided a watercourse Rather, "cleft a channel.'Who has
cleft a channel for the torrents of rain, and a way for the thunderbolt.'"
This idea is that the natural flow of water was a gift from the hand of God.
| 30 The waters are hid
as with a stone, and the face of the deep is frozen.
31 Canst thou bind the sweet influences of Pleiades, or loose the bands of Orion?
32 Canst thou bring forth Mazzaroth in his season? or canst thou guide Arcturus with his sons?
33 Knowest thou the ordinances of heaven? canst thou set the dominion thereof in the earth?
34 Canst thou lift up thy voice to the clouds, that abundance of waters may cover thee?
| 35 Canst thou send lightnings,
that they may go, and say unto thee, Here we are?
36 Who hath put wisdom in the inward parts? or who hath given understanding to the heart?
37 Who can number the clouds in wisdom? or who can stay the bottles of heaven,
| 38 When the dust groweth
into hardness, and the clods cleave fast together?
39 Wilt thou hunt the prey for the lion? or fill the appetite of the young lions,
40 When they couch in their dens, and abide in the covert to lie in wait?
.41 Who provideth for the raven his food? when his young ones cry unto God, they wander for lack of meat.