Ezekiel 30

Desolation of Egypt in the Day of the Lord
Text Comments
 1 ¶ The word of the LORD came again unto me, saying,
 2 Son of man, prophesy and say, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Howl ye, Woe worth the day!
.3 For the day is near, even the day of the LORD is near, a cloudy day; it shall be the time of the heathen.
   The chapter is in two parts. The second begins at v20.
  2 - Worth the day Literally, "Alas for the day."
  3 - Day of the Lord See on is0212.
  3 - Time of the heathen Or "time of the nations." The Lord gives nations a certain probation. When their cup is full, they are punished or removed ge1516, da0417.
 4 And the sword shall come upon Egypt, and great pain shall be in Ethiopia, when the slain shall fall in Egypt, and they shall take away her multitude, and her foundations shall be broken down. 
 5 Ethiopia, and Libya, and Lydia, and all the mingled people, and Chub, and the men of the land that is in league, shall fall with them by the sword. 
.6 Thus saith the LORD; They also that uphold Egypt shall fall; and the pride of her power shall come down: from the tower of Syene shall they fall in it by the sword, saith the Lord GOD. 
 7 And they shall be desolate in the midst of the countries that are desolate, and her cities shall be in the midst of the cities that are wasted.
  4 - Multitude Also means "abundance" which is a better fit here.
  5 - Chub Unknown.
  5 - Men of the land that is in league Better "Sons of the land of the covenant." It could refer to Jews who were refugees after the murder of Gedaliah je4216. Remember to read more than one verse in a linked passage.
  6 - From the tower of Syene Better, "from Migdol to Syene." ez2910.
.8 And they shall know that I am the LORD, when I have set a fire in Egypt, and when all her helpers shall be destroyed. 
 9 In that day shall messengers go forth from me in ships to make the careless Ethiopians afraid, and great pain shall come upon them, as in the day of Egypt: for, lo, it cometh.
 10 Thus saith the Lord GOD; I will also make the multitude of Egypt to cease by the hand of Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon.
.11 He and his people with him, the terrible of the nations, shall be brought to destroy the land: and they shall draw their swords against Egypt, and fill the land with the slain.
 12 And I will make the rivers dry, and sell the land into the hand of the wicked: and I will make the land waste, and all that is therein, by the hand of strangers: I the LORD have spoken it.
  8 - They shall know that I am the Lord A common clause in Ezekiel which expresses His plan that all the world know hab0214.
  9 - Messengers ... ships "The cataracts interposing between them and Egypt should not save them. Egyptians 'fleeing from before Me' in My execution of judgment, as 'messengers' in 'skiffs' ("vessels of bulrushes,' Isa 18:2) shall go up the Nile as far as navigable, to announce the advance of the Chaldeans."
  12 - Rivers From ye'orim. Ditches or canals for watering plants near the river or both river and ditches.
.13 Thus saith the Lord GOD; I will also destroy the idols, and I will cause their images to cease out of Noph; and there shall be no more a prince of the land of Egypt: and I will put a fear in the land of Egypt.
.14 And I will make Pathros desolate, and will set fire in Zoan, and will execute judgments in No. 
 15 And I will pour my fury upon Sin, the strength of Egypt; and I will cut off the multitude of No.
  13 - Noph Or Memphis (je0206). The prince was from Egypt. Rule by an Egyptian or one in the power of Egypt would stop. This does not mean that it would never begin again.
  13 - Prince of the land Rather "a prince from the land."
  14 - Pathros See on ez2914.
  14 - Fire in Zoan A village on the Tanitic branch of the Nile is3004. Buildings revealed by excavation.
  15 - Sin A town thought to be 25 miles (40 km.) south of Port Said, on the Suez Canal. Not the bad action normally thought of by these three letters.
 16 And I will set fire in Egypt: Sin shall have great pain, and No shall be rent asunder, and Noph shall have distresses daily.
 17 The young men of Aven and of Pibeseth shall fall by the sword: and these cities shall go into captivity. 
 18 At Tehaphnehes also the day shall be darkened, when I shall break there the yokes of Egypt: and the pomp of her strength shall cease in her: as for her, a cloud shall cover her, and her daughters shall go into captivity. 
 19 Thus will I execute judgments in Egypt: and they shall know that I am the LORD.
  17 - Aven "'vanity' or 'iniquity': applied, by a slight change of the Hebrew name, to On or Heliopolis, in allusion to its idolatry. Here stood the temple of the sun, whence it was called in Hebrew, Beth-shemesh (Jer 43:13). The Egyptian hieroglyphics call it, Re Athom, the sun, the father of the gods, being impersonate in Athom or Adam, the father of mankind." (JFB).
  19 - Judgments ... Egypt ... know Remembering the much earlier time when Pharaoh refused to acknowledge the Lord ex0502.
.20 ¶ And it came to pass in the eleventh year, in the first month, in the seventh day of the month, that the word of the LORD came unto me, saying,
 21 Son of man, I have broken the arm of Pharaoh king of Egypt; and, lo, it shall not be bound up to be healed, to put a roller to bind it, to make it strong to hold the sword.
 22 Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I am against Pharaoh king of Egypt, and will break his arms, the strong, and that which was broken; and I will cause the sword to fall out of his hand.
 23 And I will scatter the Egyptians among the nations, and will disperse them through the countries.
  23 - I will scatter Also v26. ez2919.
 24 And I will strengthen the arms of the king of Babylon, and put my sword in his hand: but I will break Pharaoh's arms, and he shall groan before him with the groanings of a deadly wounded man.
 25 But I will strengthen the arms of the king of Babylon, and the arms of Pharaoh shall fall down; and they shall know that I am the LORD, when I shall put my sword into the hand of the king of Babylon, and he shall stretch it out upon the land of Egypt.
.26 And I will scatter the Egyptians among the nations, and disperse them among the countries; and they shall know that I am the LORD.
  26 - They shall know See on v8.
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