Jeremiah 19

Breaking a clay pot represents the desolation of the Jews
This chapter is like 25, 20, and 36 so the events are considered to have happened during the reign of Jehoiakim, about 604 BC.
.1 ¶ Thus saith the LORD, Go and get a potter's earthen bottle, and take of the ancients of the people, and of the ancients of the priests;
.2 And go forth unto the valley of the son of Hinnom, which is by the entry of the east gate, and proclaim there the words that I shall tell thee, 
.3 And say, Hear ye the word of the LORD, O kings of Judah, and inhabitants of Jerusalem; Thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; Behold, I will bring evil upon this place, the which whosoever heareth, his ears shall tingle.
  1 - Go and get Literally, "Go and buy." Jeremiah was apparently to summons the civil and religious elders.
  3 - His ears shall tingle Compare 1sa0311, je0714.
 4 Because they have forsaken me, and have estranged this place, and have burned incense in it unto other gods, whom neither they nor their fathers have known, nor the kings of Judah, and have filled this place with the blood of innocents;
.5 They have built also the high places of Baal, to burn their sons with fire for burnt offerings unto Baal, which I commanded not, nor spake it, neither came it into my mind:
  4 - Estranged this place Literally, "made this place unrecognizable" or "...strange."
  5 - Burn their sons See on je0731 and note for de1231.
  5 - I commanded not He had strictly forbidden the practices le1821, le2001ff, de1231.
.6 Therefore, behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that this place shall no more be called Tophet, nor The valley of the son of Hinnom, but The valley of slaughter.
 7 And I will make void the counsel of Judah and Jerusalem in this place; and I will cause them to fall by the sword before their enemies, and by the hands of them that seek their lives: and their carcases will I give to be meat for the fowls of the heaven, and for the beasts of the earth.
  6 - No more ... Tophet In the Valley of the son of Hinnon v2, children were made to "pass through the fire to Molech as human sacrifices of pagan worship 2ki2310, je0731.
  7 - Make void Literally "lay waste."
.8 And I will make this city desolate, and an hissing; every one that passeth thereby shall be astonished and hiss because of all the plagues thereof.
.9 And I will cause them to eat the flesh of their sons and the flesh of their daughters, and they shall eat every one the flesh of his friend in the siege and straitness, wherewith their enemies, and they that seek their lives, shall straiten them.
  9 - Cause them to eat This is said to have happened in the siege of 70 AD. Also de2849ff, la0220.
 10 ¶ Then shalt thou break the bottle in the sight of the men that go with thee,
.11 And shalt say unto them, Thus saith the LORD of hosts; Even so will I break this people and this city, as one breaketh a potter's vessel, that cannot be made whole again: and they shall bury them in Tophet, till there be no place to bury. 
 12 Thus will I do unto this place, saith the LORD, and to the inhabitants thereof, and even make this city as Tophet:
.13 And the houses of Jerusalem, and the houses of the kings of Judah, shall be defiled as the place of Tophet, because of all the houses upon whose roofs they have burned incense unto all the host of heaven, and have poured out drink offerings unto other gods.
  11 - Cannot be made whole A dramatic symbol. This would not mean that they were beyond repentance and forgiveness je1807f.
  11- Tophet Or the Valley of Hinnom near Jerusalem.
  12 - Even as Tophet That is, defiled with the dead.
 14 Then came Jeremiah from Tophet, whither the LORD had sent him to prophesy; and he stood in the court of the LORD'S house; and said to all the people,
 15 Thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; Behold, I will bring upon this city and upon all her towns all the evil that I have pronounced against it, because they have hardened their necks, that they might not hear my words.
  14 - From Tophet "He had probably gone to the valley of Hinnom [also called 'Tophet,'] and there repeated the discourse which he had a little before delivered to the chief priests and elders." (Clarke)
  15 - Because ... hardened ... necks "A metaphor taken from unruly and unbroken oxen, who resist the yoke, break and run away with their gears. So this people had broken and destroyed the yoke of the law." (Clarke)
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