Luke 7

A centurion's faith; his servant healed 1
Resurrection of a widow's son 11
Faith of John the Baptist weakens; he sends messengers 18
Jesus proclaims John the Baptist as the greatest prophet 24
A doubting generation 29
A woman of poor reputation approaches Christ at a feast 36
The one forgiven more 40
Jesus reveals the woman's faith 44
A Centurion's slave was sick. See Matt. 8:5-13.
.1 ¶ Now when he had ended all his sayings in the audience of the people, he entered into Capernaum.
 2  And a certain centurion's servant, who was dear unto him, was sick, and ready to die.
 3  And when he heard of Jesus, he sent unto him the elders of the Jews, beseeching him that he would come and heal his servant.
 4  And when they came to Jesus, they besought him instantly, saying, That he was worthy for whom he should do this:
 5  For he loveth our nation, and he hath built us a synagogue.
  See the story and a picture beginning at mt0805.
 6  Then Jesus went with them. And when he was now not far from the house, the centurion sent friends to him, saying unto him, Lord, trouble not thyself: for I am not worthy that thou shouldest enter under my roof:
 7  Wherefore neither thought I myself worthy to come unto thee: but say in a word, and my servant shall be healed.
 8  For I also am a man set under authority, having under me soldiers, and I say unto one, Go, and he goeth; and to another, Come, and he cometh; and to my servant, Do this, and he doeth it.
  6 - Went with them Instead, "started on His way with them." (NASB).
 9  When Jesus heard these things, he marvelled at him, and turned him about, and said unto the people that followed him, I say unto you, I have not found so great faith, no, not in Israel.
 10  And they that were sent, returning to the house, found the servant whole that had been sick.
  9 - Marvelled Jesus, who knew the hearts of people before they came to Him, was not surprised.
  "... the centurion said of himself, 'I am not worthy.' His heart had been touched by the grace of Christ. He saw his own unworthiness; yet he feared not to ask help. He trusted not to his own goodness; his argument was his great need. His faith took hold upon Christ in His true character. He did not believe in Him merely as a worker of miracles, but as the friend and Saviour of mankind. It is thus that every sinner may come to Christ." (Desire of Ages, pp. 316, 317.) See tt0305.
The widow's son brought to life
.11 ¶ And it came to pass the day after, that he went into a city called Nain; and many of his disciples went with him, and much people.
.12  Now when he came nigh to the gate of the city, behold, there was a dead man carried out, the only son of his mother, and she was a widow: and much people of the city was with her.
 13  And when the Lord saw her, he had compassion on her, and said unto her, Weep not.
 14  And he came and touched the bier: and they that bare him stood still. And he said, Young man, I say unto thee, Arise.
.15 And he that was dead sat up, and began to speak. And he delivered him to his mother.
 16  And there came a fear on all: and they glorified God, saying, That a great prophet is risen up among us; and, That God hath visited his people.
 17  And this rumour of him went forth throughout all Judaea, and throughout all the region round about.

Mt. Tabor, Plain of Jezreel, and probably Nain
  11 - He went This was His second missionary tour through Galilee. It began within days of appointing His disciples and His sermon on the mount. See Nain on the map, south of Mt. Tabor.
  14 - He touched the bier This would have brought ceremonial defilement for seven days nu1911 but Jesus was the source of life and was not defiled.
  14 - I say unto thee The Greek shows that the call was more specific: "To thee I say." It was not time to resurrect all the dead.
  17 - Rumor Should be "word" or "report."
Inquiry by John the Baptist's disciples. Also Matt. 11:2-6
.18 And the disciples of John shewed him of all these things.
 19 ¶ And John calling unto him two of his disciples sent them to Jesus, saying, Art thou he that should come? or look we for another?
 20 When the men were come unto him, they said, John Baptist hath sent us unto thee, saying, Art thou he that should come? or look we for another?
 21 And in that same hour he cured many of their infirmities and plagues, and of evil spirits; and unto many that were blind he gave sight.
.22 Then Jesus answering said unto them, Go your way, and tell John what things ye have seen and heard; how that the blind see, the lame walk, the lepers are cleansed, the deaf hear, the dead are raised, to the poor the gospel is preached.
.23 And blessed is he, whosoever shall not be offended in me.
  18 - Disciples of John They told their master about the miracle at Nain. John had been in prison for about six months.
  19 - Two of his disciples Literally "a certain two ..." John, as a prophet, had testified that Jesus was the Messiah but John's disciples, or two of them, were doubting.
  19 - He that should come From ho erchomenox, a term often used to mean "the Messiah" which may have come from ps118026. Also mt0311, mt2109, mr1109, lu1938. The Greek term was also used refer to the Christ that was to come again. See mt2339, lu1335, he1037, re0104. Perplexing experiences are permitted for character development. Jesus, in His humanity felt deserted on the cross mt2746. See jb0121, jb1305. Jesus has promised His presence with us mt2820.
  21 - Same hour We expect that the disciples of John found Jesus somewhere in a large area. People would have heard of His healing activity and no doubt pointed the two to where He was Healing people. By watching, their faith would have been strengthened.
Jesus praises the ministry of John the Baptist. Also Matt. 11:7-30.
.24  And when the messengers of John were departed, he began to speak unto the people concerning John, What went ye out into the wilderness for to see? A reed shaken with the wind?
 25  But what went ye out for to see? A man clothed in soft raiment? Behold, they which are gorgeously apparelled, and live delicately, are in kings' courts.
 26  But what went ye out for to see? A prophet? Yea, I say unto you, and much more than a prophet.
  24 - Reed A powerful description. John could stand the wind and remain humble before king Herod.
  25 - Gorgeously apparelled But what did you go out to see? a man in soft clothing? See now, those who have beautiful clothing and delicate food are in kings' houses. (Bible in Basic English).
 27  This is he, of whom it is written, Behold, I send my messenger before thy face, which shall prepare thy way before thee.
.28  For I say unto you, Among those that are born of women there is not a greater prophet than John the Baptist: but he that is least in the kingdom of God is greater than he.
  27 - Of whom See mal0301, mr0102.
  28 - Not a greater prophet How could one who is least [literally "less"] be greater? We may see Jesus leading us to humility. Jesus Himself was more humble than we can imagine php0207,8. See lu0948
.29  And all the people that heard him, and the publicans, justified God, being baptized with the baptism of John.
.30  But the Pharisees and lawyers rejected the counsel of God against themselves, being not baptized of him.
 31  And the Lord said, Whereunto then shall I liken the men of this generation? and to what are they like?
 32  They are like unto children sitting in the marketplace, and calling one to another, and saying, We have piped unto you, and ye have not danced; we have mourned to you, and ye have not wept.
 33  For John the Baptist came neither eating bread nor drinking wine; and ye say, He hath a devil.
 34  The Son of man is come eating and drinking; and ye say, Behold a gluttonous man, and a winebibber, a friend of publicans and sinners!
 35  But wisdom is justified of all her children.
   29 - Publicans justified God Contrast with the Pharisees and lawyers. Religious leaders who understand light and resist it will be left in darkness quicker than those who have not understood well.
   32 - Piped ... not danced ... mourned ... not wept Sadly most people today who hear convicting and unpopular truth find a reason to reject it. The Pharisees  had no Scripture to support their ideas so found excuses for rejecting truth. We, too, must look beyond popularity.
   33 - John the Baptist came Which action of the children represented the prophet and which the Son of man? Do we need both types of approach?
   35 - Wisdom is justified From v32 we would see the children in the marketplace revealing wisdom. Following the line of thought, however, we would see the connection with v29. Those faced with truth which requires life changes justify their made-up wisdom instead of justifying God.
The feast at Simon's house. See Matt. 26:6-13. Also Mark 14:3-9; John 12:1-9.
.36 ¶ And one of the Pharisees desired him that he would eat with him. And he went into the Pharisee's house, and sat down to meat.
.37  And, behold, a woman in the city, which was a sinner, when she knew that Jesus sat at meat in the Pharisee's house, brought an alabaster box of ointment,
 38  And stood at his feet behind him weeping, and began to wash his feet with tears, and did wipe them with the hairs of her head, and kissed his feet, and anointed them with the ointment.
.39  Now when the Pharisee which had bidden him saw it, he spake within himself, saying, This man, if he were a prophet, would have known who and what manner of woman this is that toucheth him: for she is a sinner.
  36 - Desired ... eat with Simon had been a leper mt2606. We may assume that Jesus had healed him.
  36 - Went into ... house Jesus accepted invitations without showing undue favors to people of any class. See verses above beginning with v30.
  37 - Woman ... sinner Luke and John tell of a Mary of Bethany lu1039, jn1101, jn1128. John identifies Mary as the one who anointed Jesus' feet. I see this Mary and Mary Magdalene as the same woman. Further argument is beyond the scope of our study. It is not critical. See Bethany photo, mt21.
  38 - Stood Guests reclined with an elbow on the table and their feet outward.
  38 - Washed Literally she "wet" or "moistened" His feet.
  39 - If he were a prophet Simon was relating as man showing appreciation for another man. Something for us to keep in mind in our worship.
.40  And Jesus answering said unto him, Simon, I have somewhat to say unto thee. And he saith, Master, say on.
 41  There was a certain creditor which had two debtors: the one owed five hundred pence, and the other fifty.
 42  And when they had nothing to pay, he frankly forgave them both. Tell me therefore, which of them will love him most?
 43  Simon answered and said, I suppose that he, to whom he forgave most. And he said unto him, Thou hast rightly judged.
  40 - Jesus answering That is, responding to Simon's thoughts v39.
.44  And he turned to the woman, and said unto Simon, Seest thou this woman? I entered into thine house, thou gavest me no water for my feet: but she hath washed my feet with tears, and wiped them with the hairs of her head.
 45  Thou gavest me no kiss: but this woman since the time I came in hath not ceased to kiss my feet.
.46  My head with oil thou didst not anoint: but this woman hath anointed my feet with ointment.
   44 - Seest thou this woman? This challenge addressed to Simon is for all of us! We must never let our relationship with Christ become formal and cool. Read this story again praying for this kind of love and claiming the promise, "go in peace."
 47  Wherefore I say unto thee, Her sins, which are many, are forgiven; for she loved much: but to whom little is forgiven, the same loveth little.
 48  And he said unto her, Thy sins are forgiven.
 49  And they that sat at meat with him began to say within themselves, Who is this that forgiveth sins also?
.50  And he said to the woman, Thy faith hath saved thee; go in peace.
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