Luke 19

Zacchaeus Receives Jesus  1
The Minas 11
The Triumphal Entry 28
Weeping over Jerusalem 41
Cleansing the Temple 45
Zacchaeus, the unique and caring tax collector.
.1 ¶ And Jesus entered and passed through Jericho.
 2  And, behold, there was a man named Zacchaeus, which was the chief among the publicans, and he was rich.
 3  And he sought to see Jesus who he was; and could not for the press, because he was little of stature.
.4  And he ran before, and climbed up into a sycamore tree to see him: for he was to pass that way.
 5  And when Jesus came to the place, he looked up, and saw him, and said unto him, Zacchaeus, make haste, and come down; for to day I must abide at thy house.
 6  And he made haste, and came down, and received him joyfully.
 7  And when they saw it, they all murmured, saying, That he was gone to be guest with a man that is a sinner.
 8  And Zacchaeus stood, and said unto the Lord; Behold, Lord, the half of my goods I give to the poor; and if I have taken any thing from any man by false accusation, I restore him fourfold.
 9  And Jesus said unto him, This day is salvation come to this house, forsomuch as he also is a son of Abraham.
 10  For the Son of man is come to seek and to save that which was lost.
   10 - Come to save Jesus would have been responding to thoughts or comments of those who criticized Him for associating with tax gatherers.
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Parable of the nobleman who lent money for business
.11 ¶ And as they heard these things, he added and spake a parable, because he was nigh to Jerusalem, and because they thought that the kingdom of God should immediately appear.
.12  He said therefore, A certain nobleman went into a far country to receive for himself a kingdom, and to return.
.13  And he called his ten servants, and delivered them ten pounds, and said unto them, Occupy [do business] till I come.
.14  But his citizens hated him, and sent a message after him, saying, We will not have this man to reign over us.
 15  And it came to pass, that when he was returned, having received the kingdom, then he commanded these servants to be called unto him, to whom he had given the money, that he might know how much every man had gained by trading.
   12 - The players Do you see the three parties involved? The nobleman (Christ), his servants (those committed to serving Him), and the citizens (the Jewish nation as a whole).
   14 - Citizens hated him Jesus Christ was about to go away to return later for judgment. His hearers would recall this story ac0735
 16  Then came the first, saying, Lord, thy pound hath gained ten pounds.
.17  And he said unto him, Well, thou good servant: because thou hast been faithful in a very little, have thou authority over ten cities.
 18  And the second came, saying, Lord, thy pound hath gained five pounds.
 19  And he said likewise to him, Be thou also over five cities.
 20  And another came, saying, Lord, behold, here is thy pound, which I have kept laid up in a napkin:
 21  For I feared thee, because thou art an austere man: thou takest up that thou layedst not down, and reapest that thou didst not sow.
 22  And he saith unto him, Out of thine own mouth will I judge thee, thou wicked servant. Thou knewest that I was an austere man, taking up that I laid not down, and reaping that I did not sow:
  16 - The first ... ten pounds There were ten servants v13 but the success of only three are revealed. There were three servants in the parable of the talents mt2520.
  16 - Thy pound He recognized that the money still belonged to the master. And so we are stewards using breath and all things placed in our hands. In this relationship we are blessed beyond our capacity here and granted life for eternity! The "pound" is from the word, mina. The NIV uses the word, mina, directly.
  20 - Napkin From the Latin root sudor meaning "sweat." The napkin seems to be a general name for a cloth a person might carry.
  21 - Feared thee A natural feeling for one who avoids responsibility. Compare mt2524 in the parallel parable.
  22 - Thou knewest The servant had condemned himself. If he had been right in claiming the master to be harsh, he should have allowed others to manage the money.
.23  Wherefore then gavest not thou my money into the bank, that at my coming I might have required mine own with usury?   Bank From trapeza. Literally "a table." The word is used for the tables of the money changers in the temple. They were in the banking business.
  Usury The word does not imply unfair interest.
 24  And he said unto them that stood by, Take from him the pound, and give it to him that hath ten pounds.
 25  (And they said unto him, Lord, he hath ten pounds.)
 26  For I say unto you, That unto every one which hath shall be given; and from him that hath not, even that he hath shall be taken away from him.
 27  But those mine enemies, which would not that I should reign over them, bring hither, and slay them before me.
.28 ¶ And when he had thus spoken, he went before, ascending up to Jerusalem.
  24 - Take it from Apparently by force. Compare the action recorded by Matthew. mt2528.
  27 - Those mine enemies They had rebelled and presumably would have taken the kingdom away from its owner. See verse 14.
  27 - Slay them before me The evil servants would not repent now. For the security of the kingdom, they must be slain. This recalls two scenes from the book of Revelation. In re0616,17 and in re0107,8. In chapter 6, the wicked could not stand before the Lamb and the One on the throne. In chapter 1, the same event is pictured as being slain by the brightness of the coming of Christ along with the man of sin 2th0208. who is also seen as the papal power re1920.
Passion week begins
The triumphal entry. Luke 19:29-44 ; Matt. 21:1-11; Mark 11:1-11; John 12:12-19.
.29  And it came to pass, when he was come nigh to Bethphage and Bethany, at the mount called the mount of Olives, he sent two of his disciples,
 30  Saying, Go ye into the village over against you; in the which at your entering ye shall find a colt tied, whereon yet never man sat: loose him, and bring him hither.
 31  And if any man ask you, Why do ye loose him? thus shall ye say unto him, Because the Lord hath need of him.
 32  And they that were sent went their way, and found even as he had said unto them.
  29 - Bethphage and Bethany East of Jerusalem. See map.
 33  And as they were loosing the colt, the owners thereof said unto them, Why loose ye the colt?
 34  And they said, The Lord hath need of him.
 35  And they brought him to Jesus: and they cast their garments upon the colt, and they set Jesus thereon.
 36  And as he went, they spread their clothes in the way.
 37  And when he was come nigh, even now at the descent of the mount of Olives, the whole multitude of the disciples began to rejoice and praise God with a loud voice for all the mighty works that they had seen;
  34 - The Lord hath need Jesus knew the heart of the owners. I like to think an angel had told them that the disciples would ask for the animal and why they wanted it.
.38  Saying, Blessed be the King that cometh in the name of the Lord: peace in heaven, and glory in the highest.
.39  And some of the Pharisees from among the multitude said unto him, Master, rebuke thy disciples.
.40  And he answered and said unto them, I tell you that, if these should hold their peace, the stones would immediately cry out.
  39 - Rebuke thy disciples [followers] Compare ha0207.
.41 ¶ And when he was come near, he beheld the city, and wept over it,
 42  Saying, If thou hadst known, even thou, at least in this thy day, the things which belong unto thy peace! but now they are hid from thine eyes.
 43  For the days shall come upon thee, that thine enemies shall cast a trench about thee, and compass thee round, and keep thee in on every side,
 44  And shall lay thee even with the ground, and thy children within thee; and they shall not leave in thee one stone upon another; because thou knewest not the time of thy visitation.
  41 - Beheld ... wept Christ longed to save them as He does us. From the Mount of Olives, the whole city and the beautiful temple could be seen. He could see the future destruction of the rebellious city. As a nation, they had refused to be His children. City and temple would be destroyed in AD 70.
Second temple cleansing. Luke 19:45-58; Matt. 21:12-17; Mark 11:15-19.
.45  And he went into the temple, and began to cast out them that sold therein, and them that bought;
 46  Saying unto them, It is written, My house is the house of prayer: but ye have made it a den of thieves.
.47  And he taught daily in the temple. But the chief priests and the scribes and the chief of the people sought to destroy him,
 48  And could not find what they might do: for all the people were very attentive to hear him.
   46 - My house See on mt2113, mr1117, ez4312.
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