Luke 12

Be sincere, God cares, The Holy Spirit will guide 1
Inheritance argument; but be rich toward God 13
Don't worry; heart follows treasure 22
Be ready for the end of the wedding 35
Christ comes in when thought not to come 40
Reward depends on opportunity and behavior 41
Divisions because of Christ 49
Times are serious, try to make peace 54
.1 ¶ In the mean time, when there were gathered together an innumerable multitude of people, insomuch that they trode one upon another, he began to say unto his disciples first of all, Beware ye of the leaven of the Pharisees, which is hypocrisy.
.2  For there is nothing covered, that shall not be revealed; neither hid, that shall not be known.
 3  Therefore whatsoever ye have spoken in darkness shall be heard in the light; and that which ye have spoken in the ear in closets shall be proclaimed upon the housetops.
  1 - Gathered ... multitude Jesus had cast out a demon and discussed evil spirits. Then crowds gathered and He told the Pharisees about the woe or punishment that awaited them for various reasons. lu1114, lu1137.
  1 - Leaven of the Pharisees de1603.
  2 - Nothing covered See on mt1027,33.
 4  And I say unto you my friends, Be not afraid of them that kill the body, and after that have no more that they can do.
.5  But I will forewarn you whom ye shall fear: Fear him, which after he hath killed hath power to cast into hell; yea, I say unto you, Fear him.
.6  Are not five sparrows sold for two farthings, and not one of them is forgotten before God?
.7  But even the very hairs of your head are all numbered. Fear not therefore: ye are of more value than many sparrows.
  5 - Hell Here the word is from gehenna. See note with Mark 9.
.8  Also I say unto you, Whosoever shall confess me before men, him shall the Son of man also confess before the angels of God:
 9  But he that denieth me before men shall be denied before the angels of God.
 10  And whosoever shall speak a word against the Son of man, it shall be forgiven him: but unto him that blasphemeth against the Holy Ghost it shall not be forgiven.
 11  And when they bring you unto the synagogues, and unto magistrates, and powers, take ye no thought how or what thing ye shall answer, or what ye shall say:
 12  For the Holy Ghost shall teach you in the same hour what ye ought to say.
  8 - Confess Literally "agree with." When our agreement is "before men" we are witnessing for Him. Witnessing to neighbors is important but it also includes living in a way that agrees with the beautiful plan He has outlined for us
  9 - Denieth me ... denied This is serious. A bad report to the angels in heaven implies unfitness to live there! Christ's report to the angels then happens before we are taken to heaven. This is the preadvent judgment re1407d. The judgment is not to inform God. He already knows our hearts. The angels see us but need to understand that Christ's decision to confess or deny us is just so that no questions remain in their minds. See da0710. During the thousand years those found faithful will become judges of the wicked, reigning with Christ re2004. This leaves no question in our minds.
.13 ¶ And one of the company said unto him, Master, speak to my brother, that he divide the inheritance with me.
.14  And he said unto him, Man, who made me a judge or a divider over you?
.15  And he said unto them, Take heed, and beware of covetousness: for a man's life consisteth not in the abundance of the things which he possesseth.
.16  And he spake a parable unto them, saying, The ground of a certain rich man brought forth plentifully:
 17  And he thought within himself, saying, What shall I do, because I have no room where to bestow my fruits?
 18  And he said, This will I do: I will pull down my barns, and build greater; and there will I bestow all my fruits and my goods.
.19  And I will say to my soul, Soul, thou hast much goods laid up for many years; take thine ease, eat, drink, and be merry.
.20  But God said unto him, Thou fool, this night thy soul shall be required of thee: then whose shall those things be, which thou hast provided?
 21  So is he that layeth up treasure for himself, and is not rich toward God.

  13 - Speak to my brother Or "order my brother." His interest in Christ was selfish.
  14 - Man A term of sternness. lu2258, ro0201, ro0920.
  16 - Parable Needs no explanation.
Image from Christ's Object Lessons, 1900
.22 ¶ And he said unto his disciples, Therefore I say unto you, Take no thought for your life, what ye shall eat; neither for the body, what ye shall put on.
 23  The life is more than meat, and the body is more than raiment.
.24  Consider the ravens: for they neither sow nor reap; which neither have storehouse nor barn; and God feedeth them: how much more are ye better than the fowls?
 25  And which of you with taking thought can add to his stature one cubit?
 26  If ye then be not able to do that thing which is least, why take ye thought for the rest?
 27  Consider the lilies how they grow: they toil not, they spin not; and yet I say unto you, that Solomon in all his glory was not arrayed like one of these.
  27 - Lilies Probably "wildflowers."
 28  If then God so clothe the grass, which is to day in the field, and to morrow is cast into the oven; how much more will he clothe you, O ye of little faith?
 29  And seek not ye what ye shall eat, or what ye shall drink, neither be ye of doubtful mind.
 30  For all these things do the nations of the world seek after: and your Father knoweth that ye have need of these things.
.31  But rather seek ye the kingdom of God; and all these things shall be added unto you.
  29 - Doubtful mind Doubting God's provision.
  31 - Seek Also mt0633.

Consider the lilies, verse 27
.32  Fear not, little flock; for it is your Father's good pleasure to give you the kingdom.
 33  Sell that ye have, and give alms; provide yourselves bags which wax not old, a treasure in the heavens that faileth not, where no thief approacheth, neither moth corrupteth.
.34  For where your treasure is, there will your heart be also.
   32 - Little Flock The end-time remnant is a minority. Discussed at re1615a.
Image © Corel
.35  Let your loins be girded about, and your lights burning is6201;
 36  And ye yourselves like unto men that wait for their lord, when he will return from the wedding; that when he cometh and knocketh, they may open unto him immediately.
.37  Blessed are those servants, whom the lord when he cometh shall find watching: verily I say unto you, that he shall gird himself, and make them to sit down to meat, and will come forth and serve them.
 38  And if he shall come in the second watch, or come in the third watch, and find them so, blessed are those servants.
 39  And this know, that if the goodman [head] of the house had known what hour the thief would come, he would have watched, and not have suffered his house to be broken through.
.40  Be ye therefore ready also: for the Son of man cometh at an hour when ye think not.
   36 - Return from the wedding The story here is a sequel to the story of the ten virgins in Matthew mt2501. The men who wait are ready for the end of the judgment the close of probation the time when they will be with Christ at His coming. See note below.
   37 - Find watching ... open ... immediately We are to watch all during this last period of time le1629. The master finds us ready or not ready 2pe0314. Those who loved Sodom had made their decision before the fire fell le1915f.
   37 - Gird himself ... serve them This is the event promised by Christ who put a cloth around His waist and washed the disciples feet jn1303. He would drink the fruit of the vine with them in kingdom mt2629. Even then, He will serve us! Here is seen the marriage supper of the Lamb. The celebration in heaven. When the pure bride is seen, we find her as a representation of the holy people the saints re1907-br-s.
  40 - When ye think not This has always been true but now even more so. More explanation below.
.41 ¶ Then Peter said unto him, Lord, speakest thou this parable unto us, or even to all?
 42  And the Lord said, Who then is that faithful and wise steward, whom his lord shall make ruler over his household, to give them their portion of meat in due season?
 43  Blessed is that servant, whom his lord when he cometh shall find so doing.
 44  Of a truth I say unto you, that he will make him ruler over all that he hath.
.45  But and if that servant say in his heart, My lord delayeth his coming; and shall begin to beat the menservants and maidens, and to eat and drink, and to be drunken;
 46  The lord of that servant will come in a day when he looketh not for him, and at an hour when he is not aware, and will cut him in sunder, and will appoint him his portion with the unbelievers.
   45 - Delayeth his coming Most Christians today believe that a literal coming of Christ will be in the distant future. They declare that during 3½ years certain things must happen. The doctrines supporting this idea are based on assumptions without good foundations. See explanation at mt2445.
.47  And that servant, which knew his lord's will, and prepared not himself, neither did according to his will, shall be beaten with many stripes.
.48  But he that knew not, and did commit things worthy of stripes, shall be beaten with few stripes. For unto whomsoever much is given, of him shall be much required: and to whom men have committed much, of him they will ask the more.
  48 - Unto whomsoever much is given A serious thought for those of us who have the perspective of the ages.
    "We have been given great light in regard to God's law. This law is the standard of character. To it man is now required to conform, and by it he will be judged in the last great day. In that day men will be dealt with according to the light they have received. He who knew his Lord's will, and did it not, will be beaten with many stripes; he who knew it not, yet committed things worthy of stripes, will be beaten with few stripes. The number of talents expected will determine the returns expected. The sinner's guilt will be measured by the opportunities and privileges which he failed to improve. He will not be punished merely for his own rejection of the offer of salvation. He will be called to account for the influence he has exerted in encouraging others in sin. He was given abilities to use for the Lord. He was given opportunity to co-operate with his Redeemer. Had he been true and faithful to Him who gave His life for him, he would not only have won eternal life for himself, but would have drawn others in to the kingdom.
     "Those who reject Christ place themselves on the side of the great Apostate. Those who do not accept the invitation to receive Christ show open contempt for the offer of salvation, and their conduct makes others more bold and defiant. The punishment of the sinner will be measured by the extent to which he has influenced others in impenitence. His wrong influence on others is the aggravation of his guilt. He refused to wear the yoke of Christ himself, and kept others from becoming laborers together with God in the work of saving souls. By his refusal to wear the yoke of restraint and obedience, to surrender all to God, he placed himself on the side of the enemy of Christ." (Gospel Herald, January 1, 1901 par. 8,9).
.49  I am come to send fire on the earth; and what will I, if it be already kindled?
 50  But I have a baptism to be baptized with; and how am I straitened till it be accomplished!
 51  Suppose ye that I am come to give peace on earth? I tell you, Nay; but rather division:
 52  For from henceforth there shall be five in one house divided, three against two, and two against three.
 53  The father shall be divided against the son, and the son against the father; the mother against the daughter, and the daughter against the mother; the mother in law against her daughter in law, and the daughter in law against her mother in law.
   49 - To send fire See special note for Rev. 20:12.
   50 - Baptism Jesus was to pass through an important experience at the hands of wicked men and wicked angels in a similar way that we pass through the waters of baptism ro0603.
   51 - Division The conflict will be unpleasant, but part of the price of accepting the preparation (v.47).
.54 ¶ And he said also to the people, When ye see a cloud rise out of the west, straightway ye say, There cometh a shower; and so it is.
 55  And when ye see the south wind blow, ye say, There will be heat; and it cometh to pass.
.56  Ye hypocrites, ye can discern the face of the sky and of the earth; but how is it that ye do not discern this time?
  54 - Cloud See on mt1601. Remember that the links point to only the first verse of a passage.
 57  Yea, and why even of yourselves judge ye not what is right?
 58  When thou goest with thine adversary to the magistrate, as thou art in the way, give diligence that thou mayest be delivered from him; lest he hale thee to the judge, and the judge deliver thee to the officer, and the officer cast thee into prison.
 59  I tell thee, thou shalt not depart thence, till thou hast paid the very last mite.
 57 - Judge ye not For comments on these three verses, see on mt0525.

Connection with the ten virgins and how guests become the bride Note for v35
   The following comments are in response to a letter.
   You are right that those waiting for the wedding are not the bride. Later some of them become the bride, however, which is beyond the symbols of the two individual parables although in weddings even today, women guests tend to identify with the bride. By seeing how the symbols sets correspond we can understand the larger picture. Remember that a parable expresses a truth in symbols, often in story form. When that truth is related to other concepts, the original symbols don't always fit.
    To see that guests become bride, look at Paul's description of the church in Ephesians 5. The church is a collection of people. She is the group Christ is preparing to become His wife. This is the end process of salvation. Christ loved us before we knew Him. He died for us and, after ascending to heaven, ministers His blood for us (Heb. 8,  he0801ff).  If we accept, He both forgives and cleanses us (1 John 1:9). He provides the Holy Spirit oil for the lamps in our parable. As we are sincere, not trying to get by with the minimum quantity of oil, we enter the wedding place. Those without the extra oil are not admitted. The sinners in zion are unable to endure (Isa. 33:14 is3314). In the story of the church, Christ washes and irons the willing ones (Eph. ep5: 25-27). Those who want to keep their spots and wrinkles don't become part of the church / the bride.
    Also look at the wedding celebration in Revelation (Rev. 19:7,8 re1907f). The bride's gown is the righteous acts of the saints. They act individually but collectively become the bride. In verse 9 we see that individuals who are called to the marriage supper are blessed. Was it all the bride's doing? No. The beginning of verse 7 says "it was granted her" to be dressed in white. That's Christ's part. Our part in becoming part of the bride is to put that grace to work in our lives to accept Christ's working in us. In the end our washing our robes re0714a and Christ's forgiveness are both His righteousness. We don't earn any of our salvation.
    Even between little flock of sheep and the faithful young men (above v32), we see a shift of symbol sets, while continuing the explanation of our salvation.
    So back to the two parables in Matt. 25 and Luke 12. First we have a time for going in to the wedding as guests mt2501ff. Soon it's too late and those who didn't have the extra oil are not admitted. At the end of that time, which is the close of human probation, we see the faithful ones again, this time as the young men who have kept themselves ready. Immediately, the chosen ones become part of those who are served. That is the marriage supper of the Lamb where the blessed ones are also the bride. At the end of a selection process, the marriage is complete, as in Matt. 22. This process is a judgment. The question is whether or not we have accepted Christ's work for us and in us. What a marvelous Saviour we have!
    In Rev. 21:1 we see the bride as the people or city of God coming down out of heaven. We will forever enjoy this relationship of peace and joy.
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