¶ Now before the feast of the passover, when Jesus knew that his hour
was come that he should depart out of this world unto the Father, having
loved his own which were in the world, he loved them unto the end.
2 And supper being ended, the devil having now put into the heart of Judas Iscariot, Simon's son, to betray him;
.3 Jesus knowing that the Father had given all things into his hands, and that he was come from God, and went to God;
4 He riseth from supper, and laid aside his garments; and took a towel, and girded himself.
5 After that he poureth water into a bason, and began to wash the disciples' feet, and to wipe them with the towel wherewith he was girded.
| 1 -
the feast This was Thursday night. Jesus would die the next
1 - His hour was come Later that night He would submit to the power of the forces of evil lu2253.
3, 4 - Knowing ... laid aside What a powerful picture of our Lord and Saviour! Compare lu2224ff.
4 - Laying aside his garments That would be His outer garment, His robe. Nakedness is associated with sin ge0307. Compare jn2107.
Then cometh he to Simon Peter: and Peter saith unto him, Lord, dost thou
wash my feet?
7 Jesus answered and said unto him, What I do thou knowest not now; but thou shalt know hereafter.
8 Peter saith unto him, Thou shalt never wash my feet. Jesus answered him, If I wash thee not, thou hast no part with me.
9 Simon Peter saith unto him, Lord, not my feet only, but also my hands and my head.
.10 Jesus saith to him, He that is washed needeth not save to wash his feet, but is clean every whit: and ye are clean, but not all.
.11 For he knew who should betray him; therefore said he, Ye are not all clean.
8 - If I wash thee not Representatives of Christ need to be washed often.
10 - Save to wash his feet The full washing is baptism ro0603f. Foot washing is then a renewal of the commitment of baptism. Also jn1503.
11 - Not all clean Compare the statement after Judas left the others jn1503.
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Like Peter and his brethren, we too have been washed in the blood of Christ,
yet often through contact with evil the heart's purity is soiled. We must
come to Christ for His cleansing grace. Peter shrank from bringing his
soiled feet in contact with the hands of his Lord and Master; but how often
we bring our sinful, polluted hearts in contact with the heart of Christ!
How grievous to Him is our evil temper, our vanity and pride! Yet all our
infirmity and defilement we must bring to Him. He alone can wash us clean.
We are not prepared for communion with Him unless cleansed by His efficacy
(capacity for producing a desired result or effect; effectiveness: [example
of using this word] a remedy of great efficacy, Word meaning from Dictionary.com).
Jesus said to the disciples, "Ye are clean, but not all." He had washed the feet of Judas, but the heart had not been yielded to Him. It was not purified. Judas had not submitted himself to Christ. (Ellen White, Desire of Ages, pp. 646, 649).
So after he had washed their feet, and had taken his garments, and was
set down again, he said unto them, Know ye what I have done to you?
13 Ye call me Master and Lord: and ye say well; for so I am.
.14 If I then, your Lord and Master, have washed your feet; ye also ought to wash one another's feet.
15 For I have given you an example, that ye should do as I have done to you.
.16 Verily, verily, I say unto you, The servant is not greater than his lord; neither he that is sent greater than he that sent him.
17 If ye know these things, happy are ye if ye do them.
- Wash one another's feet This service of humility brings
a great blessing. It helps us develop the character we need. We wash because
Jesus told us we should (v15). Do we seek only pleasant experiences and
popular music to accompany our worship?
17 - Happy The Greek word may also be translated, "blessed." See on mt0503.
¶ I speak not of you all: I know whom I have chosen: but that the
scripture may be fulfilled, He that eateth bread with me hath lifted up
his heel against me.
.19 Now I tell you before it come, that, when it is come to pass, ye may believe that I am he.
20 Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that receiveth whomsoever I send receiveth me; and he that receiveth me receiveth him that sent me.
- Not ... all Not Judas Iscariot.
18 - May be fulfilled Judas still had a free choice. God, however, knew how he would choose.
19 - Tell you before This is not advice to ignore prophecies of the future. It's to understand as much as possible about them in order to recognize their fulfillment.
When Jesus had thus said, he was troubled in spirit, and testified, and
said, Verily, verily, I say unto you, that one of you shall betray me.
22 Then the disciples looked one on another, doubting of whom he spake.
Now there was leaning on Jesus' bosom one of his disciples, whom Jesus
24 Simon Peter therefore beckoned to him, that he should ask who it should be of whom he spake.
25 He then lying on Jesus' breast saith unto him, Lord, who is it?
26 Jesus answered, He it is, to whom I shall give a sop, when I have dipped it. And when he had dipped the sop, he gave it to Judas Iscariot, the son of Simon.
27 And after the sop Satan entered into him. Then said Jesus unto him, That thou doest, do quickly.
28 Now no man at the table knew for what intent he spake this unto him.
29 For some of them thought, because Judas had the bag, that Jesus had said unto him, Buy those things that we have need of against the feast; or, that he should give something to the poor.
.30 He then having received the sop went immediately out: and it was night.
- One ... whom Jesus loved John is writing about himself
The custom was for guests to lean on their left side on special cushions.
26 - Sop Or "morsel" or "piece." This could have been a chunk of bread but may also have been bitter herbs which, according to Jewish tradition, were also eaten then. The role Judas was about to play was, indeed, bitter.
27 - Satan The word was adopted from the Hebrew. See on jb0106. John used it only this once in his gospel account.
27 - Entered into him It was a point of no return. Judas later repented mt2703 but not in sorrow for his sin. He had chosen to doubt and the Holy Spirit would have found no place in his heart.
27 - No man at the table knew Judas understood but he had probably risen from the table.
30 - It was night John, no doubt, spoke of spiritual darkness. Judas had left the presence of the light of the world jn0812 to cooperate with the prince of darkness .
¶ Therefore, when he was gone out, Jesus said, Now is the Son of man
glorified, and God is glorified in him.
32 If God be glorified in him, God shall also glorify him in himself, and shall straightway glorify him.
33 Little children, yet a little while I am with you. Ye shall seek me: and as I said unto the Jews, Whither I go, ye cannot come; so now I say to you.
.34 A new commandment I give unto you, That ye love one another; as I have loved you, that ye also love one another.
.35 By this shall all men know that ye are my disciples, if ye have love one to another.
- When he was gone out This begins a discourse in the upper
room which continues to 14:31.
31 - Son of man See on mr0210.
33 - Little children See on 1jo0201.
34 - New commandment It was new in the sense of the experience of humility the disciples had just experienced. It was old in that it came from le1918. And it was a form of the commandments. See the comparison chart.
¶ Simon Peter said unto him, Lord, whither goest thou? Jesus answered
him, Whither I go, thou canst not follow me now; but thou shalt follow
37 Peter said unto him, Lord, why cannot I follow thee now? I will lay down my life for thy sake.
38 Jesus answered him, Wilt thou lay down thy life for my sake? Verily, verily, I say unto thee, The cock shall not crow, till thou hast denied me thrice
- Follow me afterwards We might see this as indication that
the righteous will be individually caught up to heaven except that Jesus
explained that He comes to get us jn1401ff
and that nobody goes before everyone goes 1th0417.
37 - Peter ... follow thee now? He was impatient by nature. For example, mr0316. Peter did give his life some 35 years later.