Mark 4

Seed cast on four types of ground 1
Reason for parables 10
Explanation of the parable of the ground types 13
A candle under a basket 21
Seed like the mystery of a seed 26
Kingdom like a mustard seed 30
He spoke only in parables 33
Jesus said, Peace, and the storm obeyed 36
Sermon by the sea. Matt. 13:1-53; Luke 8:4-18; Mark 4:1-34.
.1 ¶ And he began again to teach by the sea side: and there was gathered unto him a great multitude, so that he entered into a ship, and sat in the sea; and the whole multitude was by the sea on the land.
 2  And he taught them many things by parables, and said unto them in his doctrine,
.3  Hearken; Behold, there went out a sower to sow:
   1 - Into a ship You noticed the reason. And where were the electronic amplifier and the big speakers?
   2 - Many things by parables Apparently this was one of a number of Jesus teaching stories.
   3 - Sower Also beginning at mt1303, lu0805.
 4  And it came to pass, as he sowed, some fell by the way side, and the fowls of the air came and devoured it up.
.5  And some fell on stony ground, where it had not much earth; and immediately it sprang up, because it had no depth of earth:
 6  But when the sun was up, it was scorched; and because it had no root, it withered away.
.7  And some fell among thorns, and the thorns grew up, and choked it, and it yielded no fruit.
 8  And other fell on good ground, and did yield fruit that sprang up and increased; and brought forth, some thirty, and some sixty, and some an hundred.
 9  And he said unto them, He that hath ears to hear, let him hear.
   4 - Some fell These words appear three more times in the parable. What do you think the original audience was thinking? The parable is explained beginning at verse 13 v.13.
   5 - Stony ground Compare re0204.
.10  And when he was alone, they that were about him with the twelve asked of him the parable.
 11  And he said unto them, Unto you it is given to know the mystery of the kingdom of God: but unto them that are without, all these things are done in parables:
.12  That seeing they may see, and not perceive; and hearing they may hear, and not understand; lest at any time they should be converted, and their sins should be forgiven them.
   10 - Twelve asked Him This was apparently a new way of teaching.
   11 - Them that are without We conclude that the disciples were "in" the kingdom of heaven yet one of them would not stay in mt2624. This helps us understand that we may be in a saved condition with the promise of eternal life and yet turn away and lose it all re0311, mt0721.
   12 - Not understand lest ... converted Rather strange words. Jesus is quoting from Isaiah. See is0609.
.13  And he said unto them, Know ye not this parable? and how then will ye know all parables?
 14  The sower soweth the word.
.15  And these are they by the way side, where the word is sown; but when they have heard, Satan cometh immediately, and taketh away the word that was sown in their hearts.
 16  And these are they likewise which are sown on stony ground; who, when they have heard the word, immediately receive it with gladness;
 17  And have no root in themselves, and so endure but for a time: afterward, when affliction or persecution ariseth for the word's sake, immediately they are offended.
 18  And these are they which are sown among thorns; such as hear the word,
.19  And the cares of this world, and the deceitfulness of riches, and the lusts of other things entering in, choke the word, and it becometh unfruitful.
.20  And these are they which are sown on good ground; such as hear the word, and receive it, and bring forth fruit, some thirtyfold, some sixty, and some an hundred.
.21 ¶ And he said unto them, Is a candle brought to be put under a bushel, or under a bed? and not to be set on a candlestick?
.22  For there is nothing hid, which shall not be manifested; neither was any thing kept secret, but that it should come abroad.
 23  If any man have ears to hear, let him hear.
 24  And he said unto them, Take heed what ye hear: with what measure ye mete, it shall be measured to you: and unto you that hear shall more be given.
 25  For he that hath, to him shall be given: and he that hath not, from him shall be taken even that which he hath.
  21 - Candle From luchnos, meaning "lamp."
  21 - Bushel From modios. Smaller than the US unit by that name.
  22 - Nothing hid See on lu0817.
  24 - Take heed what ye hear This thought seems inserted but it's important. What do you think we should refuse to hear? Perhaps skepticism or trying to accommodate ideas we know are false.
  24 - With what measure If we support the work of the gospel financially, God will bless us. This is certainly true with tithe mal0310. But the context here is about being fertile soil about accepting the principles of the gospel into our lives.
Christ used the lamp to illustrate various principles. In His Sermon on the mount mt0514-16, He used it to illustrate the responsibility of His individual followers to witness to the world. Here His own teachings are lamps to enlighten the world. The parable of the sower beginning above at first verse of this chapter.
.26  And he said, So is the kingdom of God, as if a man should cast seed into the ground;
 27  And should sleep, and rise night and day, and the seed should spring and grow up, he knoweth not how.
 28  For the earth bringeth forth fruit of herself; first the blade, then the ear, after that the full corn in the ear.
 29  But when the fruit is brought forth, immediately he putteth in the sickle, because the harvest is come.
  Grow up, he knoweth not how Today, nearly two thousand years later, people know many things about science. Still life itself is still a miracle! Of course the lesson here is deeper than this.
.30  And he said, Whereunto shall we liken the kingdom of God? or with what comparison shall we compare it?
 31  It is like a grain of mustard seed, which, when it is sown in the earth, is less than all the seeds that be in the earth:
.32  But when it is sown, it groweth up, and becometh greater than all herbs, and shooteth out great branches; so that the fowls of the air may lodge under the shadow of it.
  What comparison? The kingdom of God (or heaven) was unlike anything commonly known. Kingdoms of the world fight and kill and deceive. Yet Christ could give us some ideas.
  Mustard seed We can see that the kingdom will grow large. But there are more lessons here. They are about truth: where it comes from and how we relate to it 1co0126-8; 1co0205. We have a whole parable in three verses. Also see on mt1331.
.33  And with many such parables spake he the word unto them, as they were able to hear it.
 34  But without a parable spake he not unto them: and when they were alone, he expounded all things to his disciples.
Storm on the lake. Matt. 8:23-27 (+ 8:18); Mark 4:35--41; Luke 8:22-25.
.35 ¶ And the same day, when the even was come, he saith unto them, Let us pass over unto the other side.
 36  And when they had sent away the multitude, they took him even as he was in the ship. And there were also with him other little ships.
 37  And there arose a great storm of wind, and the waves beat into the ship, so that it was now full.
 38  And he was in the hinder part of the ship, asleep on a pillow: and they awake him, and say unto him, Master, carest thou not that we perish?
 39  And he arose, and rebuked the wind, and said unto the sea, Peace, be still. And the wind ceased, and there was a great calm.
.40  And he said unto them, Why are ye so fearful? how is it that ye have no faith?
 41  And they feared exceedingly, and said one to another, What manner of man is this, that even the wind and the sea obey him? 
  41 - Even the wind What comfort for us. How often divine providence has protected us we will not know this side of heaven.
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