¶ At that time Jesus went on the sabbath day through the corn; and
his disciples were an hungred, and began to pluck the ears of corn [heads
of grain], and to eat.
2 But when the Pharisees saw it, they said unto him, Behold, thy disciples do that which is not lawful to do upon the sabbath day.
3 But he said unto them, Have ye not read what David did, when he was an hungred, and they that were with him;
4 How he entered into the house of God, and did eat the shewbread, which was not lawful for him to eat, neither for them which were with him, but only for the priests?
.5 Or have ye not read in the law, how that on the sabbath days the priests in the temple profane the sabbath, and are blameless?
6 But I say unto you, That in this place is one greater than the temple.
| 1 -
and eat According to the rules added by the Jewish leaders was
one which forbade such activity since it was considered harvesting and
Mark also records the story mr0223ff.
2 - Not lawful That is, according to the Jewish tradition. See on mr0224.
3 - Have ye not read Jesus is building an understanding.
5 - Priests profane The priests had more work to do on the Sabbath than on other days nu2809, le2405. It was part of making the Sabbath holy. By rotation, they had off-duty periods and could then rest on the Sabbath as others.
6 - One greater "or rather, according to the reading which is best supported, 'something greater.' The argument stands thus: 'The ordinary rules for the observance of the sabbath give way before the requirements of the temple; but there are rights here before which the temple itself must give way.' Thus indirectly, but not the less decidedly, does our Lord put in His own claims to consideration in this question – claims to be presently put in even more nakedly." (JFB Commentary). When Jesus went out of the temple for the last time, He described it as desolate. lu1335, mt2338. Compare 1sa0419.
| 7 But if ye had known
what this meaneth, I will have mercy, and not sacrifice, ye would not have
condemned the guiltless.
.8 For the Son of man is Lord even of the sabbath day.
| 7 -
and not sacrifice From ho0606.
.8 - Lord of the Sabbath The one standing before them in human form (as the Son of Man) was the Lord of the Sabbath mr0227. In speaking the law from Sinai, God had reminded the people about "the Sabbath of the Lord thy God." ex2008.
If Jesus is the same yesterday, today, and forever he1308, would not His Sabbath also be the same? Some take this incident and the one which follows to indicate that Jesus ended the importance of the Sabbath. Instead He clarified its true meaning denouncing the petty rules that had removed the joy God had intended for it is5813. Later the apostle John was in vision on the Lord's day re0110. Jesus Christ had claimed to be that Lord. It was and still is His day.
And when he was departed thence, he went into their synagogue:
10 And, behold, there was a man which had his hand withered. And they asked him, saying, Is it lawful to heal on the sabbath days? that they might accuse him.
11 And he said unto them, What man shall there be among you, that shall have one sheep, and if it fall into a pit on the sabbath day, will he not lay hold on it, and lift it out?
12 How much then is a man better than a sheep? Wherefore it is lawful to do well on the sabbath days.
13 Then saith he to the man, Stretch forth thine hand. And he stretched it forth; and it was restored whole, like as the other.
14 ¶ Then the Pharisees went out, and held a council against him, how they might destroy him.
|10 - Lawful to heal on the sabbath days Jesus revealed the false foundation of their argument. Also see on lu1314.|
But when Jesus knew it, he withdrew himself from thence: and great multitudes
followed him, and he healed them all;
16 And charged them that they should not make him known:
17 That it might be fulfilled which was spoken by Esaias the prophet, saying,
.18 Behold my servant, whom I have chosen; my beloved, in whom my soul is well pleased: I will put my spirit upon him, and he shall shew judgment to the Gentiles.
19 He shall not strive, nor cry; neither shall any man hear his voice in the streets.
.20 A bruised reed shall he not break, and smoking flax shall he not quench, till he send forth judgment unto victory.
21 And in his name shall the Gentiles trust.
- My servant He was the Messiah servant described by Isaiah
20 - Bruised reed ... flax Continuing the prophecy of Isaiah is4203.
¶ Then was brought unto him one possessed with a devil, blind, and
dumb: and he healed him, insomuch that the blind and dumb both spake and
23 And all the people were amazed, and said, Is not this the son of David?
.24 But when the Pharisees heard it, they said, This fellow doth not cast out devils, but by Beelzebub the prince of the devils.
25 And Jesus knew their thoughts, and said unto them, Every kingdom divided against itself is brought to desolation; and every city or house divided against itself shall not stand:
26 And if Satan cast out Satan, he is divided against himself; how shall then his kingdom stand?
.27 And if I by Beelzebub cast out devils, by whom do your children cast them out? therefore they shall be your judges.
28 But if I cast out devils by the Spirit of God, then the kingdom of God is come unto you.
29 Or else how can one enter into a strong man's house, and spoil his goods, except he first bind the strong man? and then he will spoil his house.
|24 - [Casting them out how?] This is clearly not logical, as Jesus points out. The Pharisees had lost their direction and darkness was their light mt0622. Also see on several verses beginning at lu1114.|
| 30 He that is not with
me is against me; and he that gathereth not with me scattereth abroad.
.31 Wherefore I say unto you, All manner of sin and blasphemy shall be forgiven unto men: but the blasphemy against the Holy Ghost shall not be forgiven unto men.
.32 And whosoever speaketh a word against the Son of man, it shall be forgiven him: but whosoever speaketh against the Holy Ghost, it shall not be forgiven him, neither in this world, neither in the world to come.
33 Either make the tree good, and his fruit good; or else make the tree corrupt, and his fruit corrupt: for the tree is known by his fruit.
.34 O generation of vipers, how can ye, being evil, speak good things? for out of the abundance of the heart the mouth speaketh.
35 A good man out of the good treasure of the heart bringeth forth good things: and an evil man out of the evil treasure bringeth forth evil things.
.36 But I say unto you, That every idle word that men shall speak, they shall give account thereof in the day of judgment.
.37 For by thy words thou shalt be justified, and by thy words thou shalt be condemned.
- Not with me Here is a class who might not be intent on
evil but who feel no need for Christ.
31 - Speaketh against Holy Ghost ... not forgiven This verse is understood in the context of verses before it. It describes those who consistently refuse the appeal of the Holy Spirit. They feel no need for freedom from sin in their lives. They are not forgiven because they do not want to be. They do not repent. Why is this blasphemy? I explain this below. And the topic appears in connection with a discussion of hell re1411b. Compare 1sa2517, pr0522.
Blasphemy is not declining to speak gibberish in a trans-like state called speaking in tongues. See 1co1230f and verse 36 at the left.
38 ¶ Then certain of the
scribes and of the Pharisees answered, saying, Master, we would see a sign
- Three days ... earth This includes more than the time He
was in the tomb. See on lu2253.
Compare the experience of Jonah jon0203.
Also ps04207, ps01804.
Days were referred to differently then than now. Here they were Friday
(crucifixion), Sabbath (in the tomb) and Sunday (resurrection). Even the
priests and Pharisees quoted Jesus using general terms. For various verses
referring to this time, see on mt2664.
40 - Whale's From keto meaning "large fish" possibly with the idea of a big mouth. Of course it seems quite likely that it really was a whale. See the story of Jonah.
The men of Nineveh shall rise in judgment with this generation, and shall
condemn it: because they repented at the preaching of Jonas; and, behold,
a greater than Jonas is here.
.42 The queen of the south shall rise up in the judgment with this generation, and shall condemn it: for she came from the uttermost parts of the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon; and, behold, a greater than Solomon is here.
|41 - Men of Nineveh A solemn warning to the Pharisees who had chosen to reject Christ. The appeal is for repentance. In verse 42 it is for wisdom. They needed to take away their evil and receive true wisdom.|
When the unclean spirit is gone out of a man, he walketh through dry places,
seeking rest, and findeth none.
44 Then he saith, I will return into my house from whence I came out; and when he is come, he findeth it empty, swept, and garnished.
45 Then goeth he, and taketh with himself seven other spirits more wicked than himself, and they enter in and dwell there: and the last state of that man is worse than the first. Even so shall it be also unto this wicked generation.
|43 - Spirit is gone out While this is true of evil angels who gain control over people, especially over those who play with the occult, the little story here is a warning to us. We must, by God's power, get rid of evil while filling our "house" with what we can do in cooperation with Christ. We may see here a repetition of the the principle expressed in verses 41 and 42. Compare re0320.|
¶ While he yet talked to the people, behold, his mother and his brethren
stood without, desiring to speak with him.
47 Then one said unto him, Behold, thy mother and thy brethren stand without, desiring to speak with thee.
48 But he answered and said unto him that told him, Who is my mother? and who are my brethren?
49 And he stretched forth his hand toward his disciples, and said, Behold my mother and my brethren!
50 For whosoever shall do the will of my Father which is in heaven, the same is my brother, and sister, and mother.
- Thy mother For a similar statement, see lu1127.
Discussed at Rev. 12. re1201ama.,
It is clear that, although Mary was honored to have been the mother of
Jesus, her spiritual relationship to Him was no different from what any
of us may experience. The idea that she was taken to heaven is not biblical.
The church in apostasy looked at the pagan goddesses and tended to view
Mary in a similar way.
An article in Newsweek, Aug. 25, 1997, describes a massive movement to elevate Mary to the status of divinity, essentially adding a fourth person to join Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. See the notes page.
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