Ezekiel 28

Prince of Tyre represents Satan, in rebellion in heaven 1
But the deceived ones will turn against Satan 6
King of Tyre represents Satan on earth, compared to his origin 11
Zidon, the last enemies destroyed at the end of the 1000 years 20
The righteous inherit the earth - universe at peace 24
For a chart showing relationships between verses here and ones in Revelation, go.
The prince/king of Tyre and Satan here are on the same track. The picture of Tyre helps us understand Satan's rebellion. The prince who worked with Satan is like the fallen church of the Dark Ages. Other pictures of Satan are in Isaiah 14 and Revelation 12 is14, re12.


Text Comments
 1 ¶ The word of the LORD came again unto me, saying,
.2  Son of man, say unto the prince of Tyrus, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Because thine heart is lifted up, and thou hast said, I am a God, I sit in the seat of God, in the midst of the seas; yet thou art a man, and not God, though thou set thine heart as the heart of God:
.3  Behold, thou art wiser than Daniel; there is no secret that they can hide from thee:
 4  With thy wisdom and with thine understanding thou hast gotten thee riches, and hast gotten gold and silver into thy treasures:
.5  By thy great wisdom and by thy traffick hast thou increased thy riches, and thine heart is lifted up because of thy riches:
   2 - Prince of Tyre Since Eden and Satan's plans appear in the next scene of the leader of Tyre v.11, we may see this first part of the chapter to represents Satan's rebellion in heaven.
   2 - Heart lifted up ... I am a God The king's problem was patterned after that of Satan who is described more directly beginning in verse 11.
   2 - Seat of God This was Satan's claim. He wanted the angels to follow him re1204a, not Christ who was Michael re1207a.
   2 - Midst of the seas Compare da1145.
   3 - Wiser than Daniel The prophet, a contemporary of Ezekiel, although a servant of God, was next to the king of Babylon. By comparison, Satan (Lucifer, is1412) was next to God.
   3 - Are you wiser than Daniel? Is no secret hidden from you? (NIV).
.6  Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD; Because thou hast set thine heart as the heart of God;
.7  Behold, therefore I will bring strangers upon thee, the terrible of the nations: and they shall draw their swords against the beauty of thy wisdom, and they shall defile thy brightness.
 8  They shall bring thee down to the pit, and thou shalt die the deaths of them that are slain in the midst of the seas.
 9  Wilt thou yet say before him that slayeth thee, I am God? but thou shalt be a man, and no God, in the hand of him that slayeth thee.
 10  Thou shalt die the deaths of the uncircumcised by the hand of strangers: for I have spoken it, saith the Lord GOD.
   6 - Set thine heart .. as of God The Lord pronounces his doom.
   7 - Terrible of the nations In the scene at the end of the thousand years, Satan gathers the nations (wicked of all ages) to surround the holy city re2007.
   8 - They shall bring thee down The wicked turn on Satan when they see that they cannot conquer the New Jerusalem.
   8 - Pit The grave or the abyss which is called the "bottomless pit" by the KJV translators. Satan is there confined for the thousand years. re2003.
   9 - I am God But he is a created being a "man." Even he and the wicked will finally recognize the sovereignty of the creator God, although they will not repent and serve Him re0513a.
.11 ¶ Moreover the word of the LORD came unto me, saying,
 12  Son of man, take up a lamentation upon the king of Tyrus, and say unto him, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Thou sealest up the sum, full of wisdom, and perfect in beauty.
.13  Thou hast been in Eden the garden of God; every precious stone was thy covering, the sardius, topaz, and the diamond, the beryl, the onyx, and the jasper, the sapphire, the emerald, and the carbuncle, and gold: the workmanship of thy tabrets and of thy pipes was prepared in thee in the day that thou wast created.
.14  Thou art the anointed cherub that covereth; and I have set thee so: thou wast upon the holy mountain of God; thou hast walked up and down in the midst of the stones of fire.
   11 - King of Tyre In verse 1, Satan was pictured as a prince. As soon as Adam and Eve gave their allegiance to him in obedience, he became their king, taking the place Christ had rightfully held. Some of the angels chose to follow him in heaven, but the perspective here is earth with Jeremiah as "son of man" vss.2,12.
   In relationship to Christ, however, Satan was still a prince jn1231. Both claimed rulership of this earth.
   11 - King of Tyre [but Satan] Isaiah set the principle of using the name of one person or nation while actually describing them as another is0110. We know when this happens from the context.
   14 - Cherub that covereth Satan, then called Lucifer, was the closest angel to God! He covered the divine presence ex2518. Although addressing Satan as the covering cherub, the Lord turns to the past tense to describe his action.
   14 - Stones Apparently the angels.
.15  Thou wast perfect in thy ways from the day that thou wast created, till iniquity was found in thee.
.16  By the multitude of thy merchandise they have filled the midst of thee with violence, and thou hast sinned: therefore I will cast thee as profane out of the mountain of God: and I will destroy thee, O covering cherub, from the midst of the stones of fire.
.16  By the multitude of your goods they have filled your midst with violence, and you have sinned. So I cast you profaned from the height of God, and I destroy you, O covering cherub, from among the stones of fire.(MKJV)
   15 - You were perfect Satan was created perfect just as were our first parents. God never forces obedience and loyalty. His government is based on love. Why did Satan (Lucifer, is1412), choose to exercise his option to rebel? The question has no logical answer because sin is irrational. It has no excuse. Only by the blood of a loving Saviour are we lifted from the pit of sin and forgiven. The origin and unreasonableness of sin is discussed more in connection with Genesis 3 ge03sin.
   16 - I will destroy thee Some translations say that the covering cherub will destroy Lucifer. They are simply incorrect. The Lord is speaking (verse 12).
   17 - Corrupted wisdom The person who chooses evil eventually deceives himself. His logic becomes twisted mt0622.
.17  Thine heart was lifted up because of thy beauty, thou hast corrupted thy wisdom by reason of thy brightness: I will cast thee to the ground, I will lay thee before kings, that they may behold thee.
.18  Thou hast defiled thy sanctuaries by the multitude of thine iniquities, by the iniquity of thy traffick; therefore will I bring forth a fire from the midst of thee, it shall devour thee, and I will bring thee to ashes upon the earth in the sight of all them that behold thee.
.19  All they that know thee among the people shall be astonished at thee: thou shalt be a terror, and never shalt thou be any more.
   18 - Defiled sanctuaries Satan's sin corrupted his areas of holiness and, when his heart was hardened, his destruction became certain. Why wasn't he destroyed long ago? Because the full result of his sin needs to be clear in the minds of every person in the universe. Then sin will not rise again.
   18 - Sanctuary Many Hebrew manuscripts read "sanctuary" (singular). The text refers to Satan's place in the heavenly sanctuary.
   18 - Reduce you to ashes Satan's own sin will be the cause of his destruction.
  19 - Never ... be any more Praise God that the source of evil and all who choose to cling to it will not only be punished but will eventually cease to exist ob16, mal0401. This is different from the nonbiblical idea that all sinners burn without end, a pagan idea adopted by the fallen church.
.20 ¶ Again the word of the LORD came unto me, saying,
 21  Son of man, set thy face against Zidon, and prophesy against it,
 22  And say, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I am against thee, O Zidon; and I will be glorified in the midst of thee: and they shall know that I am the LORD, when I shall have executed judgments in her, and shall be sanctified in her.
 23  For I will send into her pestilence, and blood into her streets; and the wounded shall be judged in the midst of her by the sword upon her on every side; and they shall know that I am the LORD.
  21 - Zidon A city on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea north of Tyre. It is now called Saida. Here it represents the enemies of God's people.
  22 - Glorified God will be glorified as the defender of His people.
  22 - Executed judgments In the context of this chapter, this represents the final punishment of the wicked after they have surrounded the New Jerusalem at the end of the thousand years.
  23 - Every side In Revelation it is pictured as fire from heaven re2009b, re2013.
.24  And there shall be no more a pricking brier unto the house of Israel, nor any grieving thorn of all that are round about them, that despised them; and they shall know that I am the Lord GOD.
 25  Thus saith the Lord GOD; When I shall have gathered the house of Israel from the people among whom they are scattered, and shall be sanctified in them in the sight of the heathen, then shall they dwell in their land that I have given to my servant Jacob.
 26  And they shall dwell safely therein, and shall build houses, and plant vineyards; yea, they shall dwell with confidence, when I have executed judgments upon all those that despise them round about them; and they shall know that I am the LORD their God.
  24 - No more ... brier When the wicked are finally destroyed in the second death, from which there is no resurrection, the universe will be at peace.
  25 - Gathered For the final time, the righteous are shown as God's true people distinct from the wicked. The wicked around the city will admit their sin and the righteousness of the saved.
  25 - Sanctified in them Those redeemed from the grip of sin, demonstrate that Jesus Christ is the rightful king of humanity da0714 , is6203, and that the divine law can be kept joyfully while Christ, by His grace, has the power to keep us from falling. Thus the law and the gospel are never again to be questioned.
  25 - Dwell At the end of the thousand years after the wicked are destroyed, the righteous will inhabit the the earth they have inherited from our heavenly Father through Christ. The promise to Abraham and Jacob meet their final fulfillments da0722ti, re2210.
Another chapter in Ezekiel
Commentary home
Study questions - Chapter 28
Sorry we don't have them for the whole commentary.
  1. How does the Pince of Tyre fit into the picture of Satan's fall and final end?
  2. Who did the Prince (King) of Tyre presume to be? How was that like Satan's plan? Verse 9.
  3. The King of Tyre was a sharp business man. What is the spiritual implication? Do we see the same type of business operations today in the secular world?
  4. Did you notice concepts that have been picked up in the book of Revelation?
  5. Do you find comfort in the ending of the chapter?