Matthew 20

Vineyard workers get equal pay 1
Jesus again predicts His death 17
Special positions requested by mother Zebedee 20
Jesus' baptism of trials 22
Sight restored for blind men 29
.1 ¶ For the kingdom of heaven is like unto a man that is an householder, which went out early in the morning to hire labourers into his vineyard.
 2  And when he had agreed with the labourers for a penny a day, he sent them into his vineyard.
 3  And he went out about the third hour, and saw others standing idle in the marketplace,
 4  And said unto them; Go ye also into the vineyard, and whatsoever is right I will give you. And they went their way.
 5  Again he went out about the sixth and ninth hour, and did likewise.
 6  And about the eleventh hour he went out, and found others standing idle, and saith unto them, Why stand ye here all the day idle?
 7  They say unto him, Because no man hath hired us. He saith unto them, Go ye also into the vineyard; and whatsoever is right, that shall ye receive.
 8  So when even was come, the lord of the vineyard saith unto his steward, Call the labourers, and give them their hire, beginning from the last unto the first.

   This story has many lessons. The day is the time of human probation the time for us to decide who we want to serve jn0904. Sadly, many who have worked for the advancement of the gospel will be lost lu1324ff, as those who complained that they didn't get more money. The workers of the eleventh hour (just before the sun went down) finish the work of the harvest of the world.
  8 - Last unto We are reminded of the principle of true greatness mt2311.
 9  And when they came that were hired about the eleventh hour, they received every man a penny.
 10  But when the first came, they supposed that they should have received more; and they likewise received every man a penny.
 11  And when they had received it, they murmured against the goodman of the house,
 12  Saying, These last have wrought but one hour, and thou hast made them equal unto us, which have borne the burden and heat of the day.
 13  But he answered one of them, and said, Friend, I do thee no wrong: didst not thou agree with me for a penny?
 14  Take that thine is, and go thy way: I will give unto this last, even as unto thee.
 15  Is it not lawful for me to do what I will with mine own? Is thine eye evil, because I am good?

  13 - Friend Compare mt2212.
.16  So the last shall be first, and the first last: for many be called, but few chosen.    16 - Few chosen The eleventh-hour workers are thus the chosen ones. Of course many who have served the Lord will be found faithful, too. At the final crisis, however, it will be these workers against the workers of iniquity mt0723.
Going to Jerusalem for all to be accomplished. Luke 18:31-34; Matt. 20:17-19; Mark 10:32-42.
.17 ¶ And Jesus going up to Jerusalem took the twelve disciples apart in the way, and said unto them,
.18  Behold, we go up to Jerusalem; and the Son of man shall be betrayed unto the chief priests and unto the scribes, and they shall condemn him to death,
 19  And shall deliver him to the Gentiles to mock, and to scourge, and to crucify him: and the third day he shall rise again.
  17 - To Jerusalem Since Jesus' departure from Galilee mt1901, lu0951, He had spoken about going up to Jerusalem several times and had come and gone from the city. Now was the important and final trip. He was probably approaching Jericho at the time. He would stop in Bethany jn1201. Compare mr1032, lu1831.
.20 ¶ Then came to him the mother of Zebedee's children with her sons, worshipping him, and desiring a certain thing of him.
 21  And he said unto her, What wilt thou? She saith unto him, Grant that these my two sons may sit, the one on thy right hand, and the other on the left, in thy kingdom.
  20 - Zebedee's children They were James and John lu0510. Their mother may have been Salome mt2756, mr1540, mr1601, lu0801. She may also have been Mary's sister jn1925.
  20 - Worshipping Or "in a gesture of respect." See on mt0802.
  21 - Grant ... my two sons Selfish interest tends to overlook unfavorable aspects of a situation such as Jesus' statement in v17. They may have remembered that they would sit on thrones mt1928 not realizing that the ministry of suffering would come first.
.22  But Jesus answered and said, Ye know not what ye ask. Are ye able to drink of the cup that I shall drink of, and to be baptized with the baptism that I am baptized with? They say unto him, We are able.
 23  And he saith unto them, Ye shall drink indeed of my cup, and be baptized with the baptism that I am baptized with: but to sit on my right hand, and on my left, is not mine to give, but it shall be given to them for whom it is prepared of my Father.
 24  And when the ten heard it, they were moved with indignation against the two brethren.
 25  But Jesus called them unto him, and said, Ye know that the princes of the Gentiles exercise dominion over them, and they that are great exercise authority upon them.
 26  But it shall not be so among you: but whosoever will be great among you, let him be your minister;
 27  And whosoever will be chief among you, let him be your servant:
.28  Even as the Son of man came not to be ministered unto, but to minister, and to give his life a ransom for many.

   22 - You don't know what you are asking for Notice that Mrs. Zebedee asks a favor but Jesus turns and responds to the two sons. We may infer that she was their agent.
   22 - Cup ... baptism Their association with Him would not bring what they were looking for. John the Baptist spoke of baptism by fire mt0311.
   28 - Son of man See da0713. Image © 2000 by Justinen Creative Group
Blind man near Jericho. Luke 18:35-43; Matt. 20:29-34; Mark 10:46-52.
.29 ¶ And as they departed from Jericho, a great multitude followed him.
 30  And, behold, two blind men sitting by the way side, when they heard that Jesus passed by, cried out, saying, Have mercy on us, O Lord, thou Son of David.
 31  And the multitude rebuked them, because they should hold their peace: but they cried the more, saying, Have mercy on us, O Lord, thou Son of David.
 32  And Jesus stood still, and called them, and said, What will ye that I shall do unto you?
 33  They say unto him, Lord, that our eyes may be opened.
 34  So Jesus had compassion on them, and touched their eyes: and immediately their eyes received sight, and they followed him. 
  How easy it is for us to turn away from those who are different or who don't use the kind of manners we do. We need to take the opportunity to show them the love of Jesus.

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