John 19

Pilate had Jesus whipped; crown of thorns; crucify Him; no fault  1
Pilate spoke to Him; power  8
No king but Cæsar 14
Inscription; lots cast  19
Jesus' care for His mother  25
It is finished 28
They pierced Him; it was the preparation day  31
Joseph received the body; laid in the tomb  38
Text Comments
Christ's final hours and His death for us
More pictures with mt27 and mr15.
.1  Then Pilate therefore took Jesus, and scourged [flogged] him.
.2  And the soldiers platted a crown of thorns, and put it on his head, and they put on him a purple robe,
 3  And said, Hail, King of the Jews! and they smote him with their hands.
 4  Pilate therefore went forth again, and saith unto them, Behold, I bring him forth to you, that ye may know that I find no fault in him.
 5  Then came Jesus forth, wearing the crown of thorns, and the purple robe. And Pilate saith unto them, Behold the man!

  1 - Scourged him He was beaten probably with a whip. Later He was flogged again in connection with the sentence mt2726.
  4 - I find no fault He should not have had Him flogged. Compromise tends to grow.
  5 - Behold the man Pilate must have expected or hoped that the Jews would consider the flogging sufficient. Also, Jesus would have appeared innocent. The Holy Spirit was bringing conviction.
  5 - The man A profound statement although Pilate probably didn't realize it. Jesus was indeed "the man" for time and eternity. jn0114, mt0101. He was Son of man and Son of God lu0135.
 6  When the chief priests therefore and officers saw him, they cried out, saying, Crucify him, crucify him. Pilate saith unto them, Take ye him, and crucify him: for I find no fault in him.
.7  The Jews answered him, We have a law, and by our law he ought to die, because he made himself the Son of God.
  6 - Take ye him Think about Pilate's statement. Perhaps he wished that they could do this so he could be relieved of his own conviction. See jn1832. This was the third time Pilate found no fault in Jesus.
  7 - We have a law A desperate attempt to convince Pilate that Jesus was guilty, le2416.
.8  When Pilate therefore heard that saying, he was the more afraid;
 9 And went again into the judgment hall, and saith unto Jesus, Whence art thou? But Jesus gave him no answer.
.10  Then saith Pilate unto him, Speakest thou not unto me? knowest thou not that I have power to crucify thee, and have power to release thee?
 11  Jesus answered, Thou couldest have no power at all against me, except it were given thee from above: therefore he that delivered me unto thee hath the greater sin.
 12  And from thenceforth Pilate sought to release him: but the Jews cried out, saying, If thou let this man go, thou art not Caesar's friend: whosoever maketh himself a king speaketh against Caesar.
 13  When Pilate therefore heard that saying, he brought Jesus forth, and sat down in the judgment seat in a place that is called the Pavement, but in the Hebrew, Gabbatha.
  9 - Judgment hall See on mt2702.
  9 - Whence art thou? Or, "Where did you come from?" Pilate was not asking where Jesus' home was.
  9 - No answer Compare is5307.
  10 - Speakest not ... In other words, "Don't you have anything to say for yourself?" This is an important concept. Jesus gave His life for us. Pilate had ample evidence and, if Jesus had continued to argue His case, It would have been seen as an attempt to wiggle out of His fate.
  10 - Power Pilate carried the authority of Rome, but was afraid that the Jews would send a bad report on him.
  11 - Power given How often we feel powerful not realizing that every heartbeat is a gift of heaven and so it was for Pilate. Christ had already granted power to Judas and the Jewish leaders. Their sin was greater. This of course did not excuse Pilate.
  12 - Cæsar's friend The Jewish leaders could have made a convincing case against Pilate by presenting him as pardoning one guilty of crime against the empire.
  13 - Gabbatha The word is unknown. Of course, pavement, or "paved area" is sufficient.
.14  And it was the preparation of the passover, and about the sixth hour: and he saith unto the Jews, Behold your King!
.15  But they cried out, Away with him, away with him, crucify him. Pilate saith unto them, Shall I crucify your King? The chief priests answered, We have no king but Caesar.
 16  Then delivered he him therefore unto them to be crucified. And they took Jesus, and led him away.
   14 - Preparation of the Passover Jesus was the Lamb, and indeed the King of spiritual Israel.
   15 - No king but Caesar How sad! Compare mt2725., ho1309ff. We are also reminded of the appeal to Samuel for a king 1sa08.
Crucifixion. Matt. 27:31b-56; Mark 15:20-41; Luke 23:26-49; John 19:17-37.
.17  And he bearing his cross went forth into a place called the place of a skull, which is called in the Hebrew Golgotha:
 18  Where they crucified him, and two others with him, on either side one, and Jesus in the midst.
.19  And Pilate wrote a title, and put it on the cross. And the writing was, JESUS OF NAZARETH THE KING OF THE JEWS.
.20  This title then read many of the Jews: for the place where Jesus was crucified was nigh to the city: and it was written in Hebrew, and Greek, and Latin.
 21  Then said the chief priests of the Jews to Pilate, Write not, The King of the Jews; but that he said, I am King of the Jews.
 22  Pilate answered, What I have written I have written.
  19 - Pilate wrote In this account of Pilate's finally being firm with the Jews, he wrote a profound statement. Jesus was their king but most had rejected Him lu1914. And as spiritual Israel, He is our king. In His sacrifice, Jesus paid the penalty for our sins. Those who accept Him become citizens in the kingdom of heaven. He is a king that, even in our limited sinful natures, we can be eager to serve forever! The three languages also indicate that He is king of all nations 1ti0615.
.23  Then the soldiers, when they had crucified Jesus, took his garments, and made four parts, to every soldier a part; and also his coat: now the coat was without seam, woven from the top throughout.
 24  They said therefore among themselves, Let us not rend it, but cast lots for it, whose it shall be: that the scripture might be fulfilled, which saith, They parted my raiment among them, and for my vesture they did cast lots. These things therefore the soldiers did.
  24 - Fulfilled Or "in fulfillment"ps02218.
.25  Now there stood by the cross of Jesus his mother, and his mother's sister, Mary the wife of Cleophas, and Mary Magdalene.
.26  When Jesus therefore saw his mother, and the disciple standing by, whom he loved, he saith unto his mother, Woman, behold thy son!
.27  Then saith he to the disciple, Behold thy mother! And from that hour that disciple took her unto his own home.
   25 - His mother John does not name her. This is interesting. How different from the term "holy Mary, mother of God." At the cross she was, indeed, held in high respect but we find no sense of a person to be worshipped re1201ama., mr0331. Three Marys!
  26 - Disciple ... whom he loved This is the unassuming way John identified himself.
  26 - Woman This was a term of respect jn0204.
.28  After this, Jesus knowing that all things were now accomplished, that the scripture might be fulfilled, saith, I thirst.
.29  Now there was set a vessel full of vinegar: and they filled a sponge with vinegar, and put it upon hyssop, and put it to his mouth.
.30 When Jesus therefore had received the vinegar, he said, It is finished: and he bowed his head, and gave up the ghost.
   30 - Finished Jesus had made the decision in Gethsemane. He had here borne the terrible weight of guilt for you and me separation from the Father. The sacrifice was complete.
   30 - Gave up the ghost Reference here is not to the Holy Spirit but to His breath, meaning he laid down his life re1411g. Breath is a human quality. Jesus was fully human and fully divine. Divinity did not die, as we can see in His taking back His life at the resurrection jn1017.
.31  The Jews therefore, because it was the preparation [day], that the bodies should not remain upon the cross on the sabbath day, (for that sabbath day was an high day,) besought Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away.
32  Then came the soldiers, and brake the legs of the first, and of the other which was crucified with him.
.33  But when they came to Jesus, and saw that he was dead already, they brake not his legs:
.34  But one of the soldiers with a spear pierced his side, and forthwith came there out blood and water.
 35  And he that saw it bare record, and his record is true: and he knoweth that he saith true, that ye might believe.
.36  For these things were done, that the scripture should be fulfilled, A bone of him shall not be broken.
.37  And again another scripture saith, They shall look on him whom they pierced.
   31 - High day "that sabbath" which followed the day of preparation, was a high sabbath because a feast day (first day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread le2306) and the weekly Sabbath came on the same day. The feasts were scheduled for certain days of certain months thus came on different days of the week each year.
  Those who contend that the high sabbath was at the time of the waiving of the first fruits fail to realize that such an event would have been on the day of the resurrection, not while Jesus was resting in the tomb.
  31 - Legs broken To prevent escape or to hasten death. Perhaps the Jews wanted to make sure Jesus didn't get away.
  33 - Dead already This was unusual. Jesus didn't die from the torture. He died from the weight of sin.
  34 - Blood re0105 and water jn0414.
  36 - Bone ... not be broken ex1246., nu0912, ps03420.
  37 - zc1210.
.38  And after this Joseph of Arimathaea, being a disciple of Jesus, but secretly for fear of the Jews, besought Pilate that he might take away the body of Jesus: and Pilate gave him leave. He came therefore, and took the body of Jesus.
.39  And there came also Nicodemus, which at the first came to Jesus by night, and brought a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about an hundred pound weight.
 40  Then took they the body of Jesus, and wound it in linen clothes with the spices, as the manner of the Jews is to bury.
  38 - Might take away Burial accounts also begin at mt2757, mr1542, lu2350.
  39 - Nicodemus Not by night this time.
  39 - Hundred pound weight About 72 pounds or 33 kilos.
 41  Now in the place where he was crucified there was a garden; and in the garden a new sepulchre, wherein was never man yet laid.
 42  There laid they Jesus therefore because of the Jews' preparation day; for the sepulchre was nigh at hand.
  41 - Sepulchre ... never man yet laid Jesus was honored.
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