1 Peter 4

Take the mind of Christ; live for God 1
Avoid the heathen will 4
Serving for the glory of God 7
Suffering for the glory of God 12
Judgment time 17
Text Comments
.1 ¶ Forasmuch then as Christ hath suffered for us in the flesh, arm yourselves likewise with the same mind: for he that hath suffered in the flesh hath ceased from sin;
 2  That he no longer should live the rest of his time in the flesh to the lusts of men, but to the will of God.
 3  For the time past of our life may suffice us to have wrought the will of the Gentiles, when we walked in lasciviousness, lusts, excess of wine, revellings, banquetings, and abominable idolatries:
  1 - Forasmuch Or "Therefore." Peter draws conclusions from the information given. See 1pe0318-22.
  1 - As Christ hath suffered See 1pe0221, 1pe0318.
  1 - Arm yourselves From hoplizo, "Arm yourselves" with the same purpose.
  1 - Mind From ennoia, "way of thinking." Compare ph0205-8 where "mind" is from phroneo. It is usually from nous. We are to have the "same mind" as Christ who suffered.
  1 - For us These words apparently added by translators and are better omitted as in the parallel passage 1pe0221. Also 1pe0318.
  2 - No longer This takes a fundamental behavior change je1323.
.4 ¶ Wherein they think it strange that ye run not with them to the same excess of riot, speaking evil of you:
. 5  Who shall give account to him that is ready to judge the quick and the dead.
   4 - Strange Those who reject the peace of communion with Christ v3, cannot understand it. ro0807.
  5 - Judge the quick [living] and the dead 2ti0401, re1911, ac1042, re06-4p-j.
.6  For for this cause was the gospel preached also to them that are dead, that they might be judged according to men in the flesh, but live according to God in the spirit.   Was the gospel preached The Greek indicates that the preaching was before the time of the statement. That is, those preached to were dead when Peter wrote (and now) but were preached to while they were alive to hear. This is literal death because v5 speaks of literal death. Judgment will be on the basis of the life that was lived "in the flesh." Living "according to God "in the spirit" describes the righteous.
  In the flesh Literally "in respect to the flesh."
  According to God in the spirit Having accepted the gospel call, they will live again at the resurrection in the communion of the Holy Spirit jb1414, ro0804.
.7 ¶ But the end of all things is at hand: be ye therefore sober, and watch unto prayer.
8  And above all things have fervent charity among yourselves: for charity shall cover the multitude of sins.
  9  Use hospitality one to another without grudging.
.10  As every man hath received the gift, even so minister the same one to another, as good stewards of the manifold grace of God.
 11  If any man speak, let him speak as the oracles of God; if any man minister, let him do it as of the ability which God giveth: that God in all things may be glorified through Jesus Christ, to whom be praise and dominion for ever and ever. Amen.

  7 - Sober ... watch unto prayer Here are principles for approaching God.
  11 - Speak as the oracles of God This means no foolish joking.

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.12 ¶ Beloved, think it not strange concerning the fiery trial which is to try you, as though some strange thing happened unto you:
.13  But rejoice, inasmuch as ye are partakers of Christ's sufferings; that, when his glory shall be revealed, ye may be glad also with exceeding joy.
.14  If ye be reproached for the name of Christ, happy are ye; for the spirit of glory and of God resteth upon you: on their part he is evil spoken of, but on your part he is glorified.
 15  But let none of you suffer as a murderer, or as a thief, or as an evildoer, or as a busybody in other men's matters.
.16  Yet if any man suffer as a Christian, let him not be ashamed; but let him glorify God on this behalf.
  12 - Fiery trial What great counsel. It requires a bit of unselfishness!
  13 - Partakers of Christ's sufferings See on 2co0105.
  14 - Reproached ... happy Not our normal reaction but Jesus agrees lu0622.
  16 - Suffer as a Christian We need not be embarrassed for a Christlike lifestyle as compared to the life pictured in verse 15, ac0915, mt1022, lu2112.
.17  For the time is come that judgment must begin at the house of God: and if it first begin at us, what shall the end be of them that obey not the gospel of God?   Judgment must begin It begins with those who claim to be righteous and ends with those who do not obey the gospel of God. Compare ez0906.
  Must begin Literally, "begins." The clause may be translated: "Because it is the appropriate time for judgment to begin at the house of God."
  House of God The church 1ti0315.
 18  And if the righteous scarcely be saved, where shall the ungodly and the sinner appear?
 19  Wherefore let them that suffer according to the will of God commit the keeping of their souls to him in well doing, as unto a faithful Creator.
  18 - Righteous scarcely be saved Compare lu1323ff, 1pe0320.
  19 - Wherefore The conclusion to Peter's counsel about enduring trials.
  19 - Suffer according to Not as punishment but in submission to the suffering that God permits.
  19 - Commit their souls This we need to do every day. Also, 2ti0406.
  19 - Creator God made us. He cares for us, and He will restore the faithful at His return 1th0416.
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