2 Timothy 4

Paul's final words to Timothy
Text Comments
.1 ¶ I charge thee therefore before God, and the Lord Jesus Christ, who shall judge the quick [living] and the dead at his appearing and his kingdom;
.2  Preach the word; be instant in season, out of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort with all longsuffering and doctrine.
 3  For the time will come when they will not endure sound doctrine; but after their own lusts shall they heap to themselves teachers, having itching ears;
.4  And they shall turn away their ears from the truth, and shall be turned unto fables.
 5  But watch thou in all things, endure afflictions, do the work of an evangelist, make full proof of thy ministry.
  2 - Preach the word We may all keep our focus on the word of God as we witness to others.
  3 - Teachers having itching ears At first this seems like a strange kind of ears for teachers. Then we discovered that the ears were the people's. In modern worship and reading, it seems like reverence is being traded for entertainment.
.6  For I am now ready to be offered, and the time of my departure is at hand.
.7  I have fought a good fight, I have finished my course, I have kept the faith:
.8  Henceforth there is laid up for me a crown of righteousness, which the Lord, the righteous judge, shall give me at that day: and not to me only, but unto all them also that love his appearing.
 6 - The time ... at hand. As the historical note added at the end of this chapter indicates, we understand that Paul was executed by Nero. The date may have been set.
  7 - Finished ... kept I want to be able to say this and I'm sure you do, too.
  8 - That day See v1. He will get his crown with others who look forward to the appearance of Christ. For the wicked it is "the day of the Lord."
9 ¶ Do thy diligence to come shortly unto me:
.10  For Demas hath forsaken me, having loved this present world, and is departed unto Thessalonica; Crescens to Galatia, Titus unto Dalmatia.
.11  Only Luke is with me. Take Mark, and bring him with thee: for he is profitable to me for the ministry.
 12  And Tychicus have I sent to Ephesus.
13  The cloke that I left at Troas with Carpus, when thou comest, bring with thee, and the books, but especially the parchments.
.14  Alexander the coppersmith did me much evil: the Lord reward him according to his works:
 15  Of whom be thou ware also; for he hath greatly withstood our words.
  10 - Thessalonica See the top center of the Greece map.
  11 - Luke Whom we understand wrote the book of Acts and probably wrote down Paul's words here.
.16 ¶ At my first answer no man stood with me, but all men forsook me: I pray God that it may not be laid to their charge.
.17  Notwithstanding the Lord stood with me, and strengthened me; that by me the preaching might be fully known, and that all the Gentiles might hear: and I was delivered out of the mouth of the lion.
.18  And the Lord shall deliver me from every evil work, and will preserve me unto his heavenly kingdom: to whom be glory for ever and ever. Amen.
  16 - Answer From apologia meaning "defense" Probably at his second trial.
  17 - The Lord stood with me As He promises he1305, mt2820.
  17 - Lion "namely, Satan, the roaring, devouring lion (Lu 22:31; 1Pe 5:8). I was prevented falling into his snare (2Ti 2:26; Ps 22:21; 2Pe 2:9); [v18] agrees with this interpretation, 'The Lord shall deliver me from every evil work,' namely, both from evil and the evil one, as the Greek of the Lord's Prayer expresses it. It was not deliverance from Nero (who was called the lion) which he rejoiced in, for he did not fear death [v6], but deliverance from the temptation, through fear, to deny His Lord: . . ." (JFB commentary)
 19  Salute Prisca and Aquila, and the household of Onesiphorus.
 20  Erastus abode at Corinth: but Trophimus have I left at Miletum sick.
 21  Do thy diligence to come before winter. Eubulus greeteth thee, and Pudens, and Linus, and Claudia, and all the brethren.
 22  The Lord Jesus Christ be with thy spirit. Grace be with you. Amen. <<The second epistle unto Timotheus, ordained the first bishop of the church of the Ephesians, was written from Rome, when Paul was brought before Nero the second time.>>
  19 - Prisca Or "Priscilla" She and her husband Aquila were now back at Ephesus. ac1802.
  21 - Before winter There was no central heating controlled by thermostat.
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The end of the epistles to Timothy