1 Timothy 5

Respect older people  1
Honor true widows 3
What a widow is  9
Honor important elders  17
Be impartial; observe carefully before laying on hands; wine  21
Text Comments
 1 ¶ Rebuke not an elder, but intreat him as a father; and the younger men as brethren;
 2  The elder women as mothers; the younger as sisters, with all purity.
  Tact. Timothy was obviously younger than many in the church.
.3 ¶ Honour widows that are widows indeed.
 4  But if any widow have children or nephews, let them learn first to shew piety at home, and to requite their parents: for that is good and acceptable before God.
 5  Now she that is a widow indeed, and desolate, trusteth in God, and continueth in supplications and prayers night and day.
 6  But she that liveth in pleasure is dead while she liveth.
 7  And these things give in charge, that they may be blameless.
.8  But if any provide not for his own, and specially for those of his own house, he hath denied the faith, and is worse than an infidel.
  3 - Honor widows By helping with their needs as well as with kind words mt1504, ja0127.
  4 - Nephews The word in old English meant "descendant."
  7 - Give in charge Or "Give the people these instructions, too...." NIV.
  8 - His own His family and perhaps relatives with special needs. Good financial stewardship includes not taking financial responsibilities that would leave the family without adequate support.
  8 - Worse than an infidel Because even they generally take care of their families.
.9  Let not a widow be taken into the number under threescore years old, having been the wife of one man,
.10  Well reported of for good works; if she have brought up children, if she have lodged strangers, if she have washed the saintsí feet, if she have relieved the afflicted, if she have diligently followed every good work.
 11  But the younger widows refuse: for when they have begun to wax wanton against Christ, they will marry;
 12  Having damnation, because they have cast off their first faith.
 13  And withal they learn to be idle, wandering about from house to house; and not only idle, but tattlers also and busybodies, speaking things which they ought not.
 14  I will therefore that the younger women marry, bear children, guide the house, give none occasion to the adversary to speak reproachfully.
 15  For some are already turned aside after Satan.
 16  If any man or woman that believeth have widows, let them relieve them, and let not the church be charged; that it may relieve them that are widows indeed.
  9 - Widow be taken The literal reading may be "Let a widow be enrolled who has become not less than 60 years old, wife of one husband." The meaning is unclear although it was well understood at the time. Perhaps the woman would be recognized in a pastoral role like the "mothers in Israel." jg0507, 2sa2019. We recognize that there were other widows, particularly the younger ones as noted in verse 11.
  11 - Younger widows Or "But the younger widows you must not enrol; for as soon as they begin to chafe against the yoke of Christ, they want to marry," "If a believing woman has widows dependent on her, she should relieve their wants, and save the Church from being burdenedóso that the Church may relieve the widows who are really in need." (Weymouth translation.

   They apparently had a welfare system which needed rules to avoid abuse.

.17 ¶ Let the elders that rule well be counted worthy of double honour, especially they who labour in the word and doctrine.
 18  For the scripture saith, Thou shalt not muzzle the ox that treadeth out the corn. And, The labourer is worthy of his reward.
.19  Against an elder receive not an accusation, but before two or three witnesses.
 20  Them that sin rebuke before all, that others also may fear.
  17 - Double honor Honor for two reasons: being older (more experienced) and managing their responsibility well.
  18 - de2504, lu1007.
  19 - Receive not Good advice de1915.
.21  I charge thee before God, and the Lord Jesus Christ, and the elect angels, that thou observe these things without preferring one before another, doing nothing by partiality.
.22  Lay hands suddenly on no man, neither be partaker of other menís sins: keep thyself pure.
 23  Drink no longer water, but use a little wine for thy stomach's sake and thine often infirmities.
.23 "No longer drink only water, but use a little wine for the sake of your stomach and your frequent ailments." (RSV)
.24  Some menís sins are open beforehand, going before to judgment; and some men they follow after.
 25  Likewise also the good works of some are manifest beforehand; and they that are otherwise cannot be hid.

  23 - Wine Greek oinos was used to indicate wine whether fermented or unfermented. We must assume the latter pr2001. But in either case it was to be used here as a medicine. See on jn0203.
  24 - Sins ... going before to judgment Jesus explains this jn0318.
  25 - Good works They show the current character.
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