Psalm 22

The Messiah
This psalm is largely a description of Christ although, no doubt, also the experience of David. The first 21 verses express suffering. The last 10 are about thanksgiving and deliverance.
.1 ¶ <<To the chief Musician upon Aijeleth Shahar, A Psalm of David.>> My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me? why art thou so far from helping me, and from the words of my roaring?   My God ... why? This first verse foretold the words of our Lord on the cross mr1534, mt2646. David may not have realized how his words were given by the Holy Spirit as prophecy about the experience of Christ.
  Forsaken me From 'azabtani. This Hebrew word translated into Aramaic became sabachthani when transliterated into Greek. This feeling of separation is beyond our understanding. He faced the second death so we would not have to.
  Roaring The Hebrew is used for the roar of a lion jb0410, is0529, ez1907. Also for humans in ps03203.
 2  O my God, I cry in the daytime, but thou hearest not; and in the night season, and am not silent.
 3  But thou art holy, O thou that inhabitest the praises of Israel.
  I cry ... hearest not God heard but Christ, as expressed by David, sensed to connection.
 4  Our fathers trusted in thee: they trusted, and thou didst deliver them.
.5  They cried unto thee, and were delivered: they trusted in thee, and were not confounded.
 6  But I am a worm, and no man; a reproach of men, and despised of the people.
  Our fathers trusted ... didst deliver them Many cases are given in the Bible da0328. David himself had been delivered from the Lion 1sa1737 and maybe at the time he wrote this, from Saul.
  Confounded Or "ashamed." Not sorry they had trusted. je1403.
  Worm He felt he had no value before God. Compare is4114, is4907, is5303.
  Man ... men See on ps00402 for the distinction.
.7  All they that see me laugh me to scorn: they shoot out the lip, they shake the head, saying,
 8  He trusted on the LORD that he would deliver him: let him deliver him, seeing he delighted in him.
.9  But thou art he that took me out of the womb: thou didst make me hope when I was upon my mother's breasts.
 10  I was cast upon thee from the womb: thou art my God from my mother's belly.
  7 - Laugh me to scorn Compare  mr1529.
  7 - Shoot out the lip "hurl insults" NIV. See ps03521.
  8 - Let him deliver him This is an attitude of mocking, of disrespect. Christ indeed could have been delivered. He chose to endure for you and me! The scribes and elders would say this mt2743.
11 ¶ Be not far from me; for trouble is near; for there is none to help.
.12  Many bulls have compassed me: strong bulls of Bashan have beset me round.
 13  They gaped upon me with their mouths, as a ravening and a roaring lion.
 14  I am poured out like water, and all my bones are out of joint: my heart is like wax; it is melted in the midst of my bowels.
 15  My strength is dried up like a potsherd; and my tongue cleaveth to my jaws; and thou hast brought me into the dust of death.
  12 - Bulls See on nu3201.
  14 - Poured out like water Perhaps meaning becoming weak 2sa1414. Also jos0705.
  15 - Dust of death Compare ec1207.
.16  For dogs have compassed me: the assembly of the wicked have inclosed me: they pierced my hands and my feet.
 17  I may tell all my bones: they look and stare upon me.
.18  They part my garments among them, and cast lots upon my vesture.
 19  But be not thou far from me, O LORD: O my strength, haste thee to help me.
.20  Deliver my soul from the sword; my darling from the power of the dog.
.21  Save me from the lion's mouth: for thou hast heard me from the horns of the unicorns.
  16, 20 - Dog David's uncomplimentary name for his enemies. Compare ps05906.
  17 - Tell Or "count" in modern English. "His emaciated frame, itself an item of his misery, is rendered more so as the object of delighted contemplation to his enemies. The verbs, "look" and "stare," often occur as suggestive of feelings of satisfaction (compare Ps 27:13; 54:7; 118:7)" (JFB).
  21 - Unicorns See on jb3909..
 22 ¶ I will declare thy name unto my brethren: in the midst of the congregation will I praise thee.
 23  Ye that fear the LORD, praise him; all ye the seed of Jacob, glorify him; and fear him, all ye the seed of Israel.
.24  For he hath not despised nor abhorred the affliction of the afflicted; neither hath he hid his face from him; but when he cried unto him, he heard.
 25  My praise shall be of thee in the great congregation: I will pay my vows before them that fear him.
 26  The meek shall eat and be satisfied: they shall praise the LORD that seek him: your heart shall live for ever.
.27  All the ends of the world shall remember and turn unto the LORD: and all the kindreds of the nations shall worship before thee.
.28  For the kingdom is the LORD'S: and he is the governor among the nations.
  26 - Eat and be satisfied Part of the offering was to be eaten by the one who made the vow. le0716.
  27 - Ends of the world ... remember God had not turned from the cries of the afflicted v24. The afflicted ones would then testify to God's glory. mt2414, ge1203.
  28 - Kingdom Rather "right to be king." See re1115, zc1409.
.29  All they that be fat upon earth shall eat and worship: all they that go down to the dust shall bow before him: and none can keep alive his own soul.
 30  A seed shall serve him; it shall be accounted to the Lord for a generation.
.31  They shall come, and shall declare his righteousness unto a people that shall be born, that he hath done this.
  29 - Fat Was considered a sign of prosperity.
  29 - All ... that go ... dust This is all humanity until the resurrection ge0319. As a rule people don't want to die but none can add to their life 1pe0124.
  29 - Soul See the note below.
  30 - For a generation The good news will be passed on. And we may expect to witness in heaven, too.


Another psalm
Commentary home
The word "soul" is generally misunderstood. The Bible is clear as we compare texts: The word in the Old and New Testaments have the same meaning, (Hebrew nephesh or Greek psuche). "Soul" may mean “self” (Gen. 19:20) or “person” (Ex. 12:15, 19). A soul may be alive (1 Sam. 25:26) or dead (James 5:20; Mark 14:34; Ps. 143:3; Ezek. 18:4). It may be what a person has or what he is. Souls are not naturally immortal (1 Tim. 6:16) but may receive the gift at the time of the resurrection (1 Cor. 15:54) when the human body will no longer be subject to decay and death. The word "spirit" is related. It has a different meaning.