¶ At that time the LORD said unto me, Hew thee two tables of stone
like unto the first, and come up unto me into the mount, and make thee
an ark of wood.
.2 And I will write on the tables the words that were in the first tables which thou brakest, and thou shalt put them in the ark.
| 1 -
Hew thee two tables God had prepared the first ones ex2412.
He had apparently become more distant is5902.
1 - Tables Although the ten commandments are in two parts, responsibility to God (first four) and responsibility to other humans (last six), the two here were probably identical. It was a custom to make a copy of important documents. These had writing and were preserved by baking. The tablets God wrote on and told Moses to prepare were of stone!
1 - Make thee an ark Moses is recalling the orders of the Lord. The command to make the ark was given during the first 40 days ex2510.
And I made an ark of shittim wood, and hewed two tables of stone like unto
the first, and went up into the mount, having the two tables in mine hand.
4 And he wrote on the tables, according to the first writing, the ten commandments, which the LORD spake unto you in the mount out of the midst of the fire in the day of the assembly: and the LORD gave them unto me.
5 And I turned myself and came down from the mount, and put the tables in the ark which I had made; and there they be, as the LORD commanded me.
| 4 -
The ten commandments Or "the ten words" as at ex2001,
See how the term is translated in es0119,
4 - Day of assembly See on de0919.
5 - Came down After the 40 days and nights ex2328.
And the children of Israel took their journey from Beeroth of the children
of Jaakan to Mosera: there Aaron died, and there he was buried; and Eleazar
his son ministered in the priest's office in his stead.
7 From thence they journeyed unto Gudgodah; and from Gudgodah to Jotbath, a land of rivers of waters.
8 At that time the LORD separated the tribe of Levi, to bear the ark of the covenant of the LORD, to stand before the LORD to minister unto him, and to bless in his name, unto this day.
9 Wherefore Levi hath no part nor inheritance with his brethren; the LORD is his inheritance, according as the LORD thy God promised him.
| 6 -
Mosera Perhaps the same as Moseroth nu3330
near Mt. Hor where Aaron died. On the boundary of the land of Edom nu2023.
It was the camping place after Kadesh nu2022,
The green is not linked. It indicates that a link in the context may be used.
And I stayed in the mount, according to the first time, forty days and
forty nights; and the LORD hearkened unto me at that time also, and the
LORD would not destroy thee.
11 And the LORD said unto me, Arise, take thy journey before the people, that they may go in and possess the land, which I sware unto their fathers to give unto them.
|10 - I stayed in the mount Moses tells a little of his story before a serious oration.|
¶ And now, Israel, what doth the LORD thy God require of thee, but
to fear the LORD thy God, to walk in all his ways, and to love him, and
to serve the LORD thy God with all thy heart and with all thy soul,
13 To keep the commandments of the LORD, and his statutes, which I command thee this day for thy good?
.14 Behold, the heaven and the heaven of heavens is the LORD'S thy God, the earth also, with all that therein is.
15 Only the LORD had a delight in thy fathers to love them, and he chose their seed after them, even you above all people, as it is this day.
- Israel what doth the Lord ... require? We may see the preincarnate
Messiah as the Lord who is God.
"Here is a most pathetic exhortation to obedience, inferred from the premises, and urged with very powerful arguments and a great deal of persuasive rhetoric. Moses brings it in like an orator, with an appeal to his auditors And now, Israel, what doth the Lord thy God require of thee? De 10:12. Ask what he requires; as David Ps 116:12, What shall I render?" (Matthew Henry Commentary).
| 16 Circumcise therefore
the foreskin of your heart, and be no more stiffnecked.
.17 For the LORD your God is God of gods, and Lord of lords, a great God, a mighty, and a terrible, which regardeth not persons, nor taketh reward:
18 He doth execute the judgment of the fatherless and widow, and loveth the stranger, in giving him food and raiment.
- God ... Lord your God Hebrew yahwhe, elohym. The two are
apparently one here ge0204.
17 - Regardeth not persons He is impartial. How different from those who rule today. What an awesome One to be our light and fortress!
Love ye therefore the stranger: for ye were strangers in the land of Egypt.
.20 Thou shalt fear the LORD thy God; him shalt thou serve, and to him shalt thou cleave, and swear by his name.
.21 He is thy praise, and he is thy God, that hath done for thee these great and terrible things, which thine eyes have seen.
22 Thy fathers went down into Egypt with threescore and ten persons; and now the LORD thy God hath made thee as the stars of heaven for multitude.
- Stranger Literally "transient." Compare ge1210,
21 - He is thy praise "It is an eternal honour to any soul to be in the friendship of God. Why are people ashamed of being thought religious? Because they know nothing of religion. He who knows his Maker may glory in his God, for without him what has any soul but disgrace, pain, shame, and perdition? How strange is it that those who fear God should be ashamed to own it, while sinners boldly proclaim their relationship to Satan!" (Clarke)