¶ Thus the heavens and the earth were finished, and all the host of
2 And on the seventh day God ended his work which he had made; and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made.
.3 And God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it: because that in it he had rested from all his work which God created and made.
- On the seventh day The fourth commandment includes a direct
reference to this verse ex2008.
It clarifies that the final day of the week was for people to rest as God
did. He had made it for them mr0227.
Some feel that any day of the week can be set apart to commemorate our
Creator, but God is very specific. You can count the times the word "seventh"
appears in the first three verses.
3 - God blessed the seventh day His blessings are for us.
3 - Sanctified He made the day to be holy time.
¶ These are the generations of the heavens and of the earth when they
were created, in the day that the LORD God made the earth and the heavens,
These are the generations "Generations" may be translated, "accounts of the descendants of men" or "course of history." Literally it is "begettings" or "bringings forth." Some believe that, beginning with this verse, is a second of two mythological tales of creation. Instead it is a different perspective showing how sin had affected the earth. (more later)
The Hebrew word for "generations" is toledot which occurs 12 more times in Genesis usually describing family lines or genealogies. The literal nature of these accounts of procreation (having children) is evidence that we may trust the creation account as also literal.
See notes with Genesis 7.
God In this second account of creation we find a different name
for the divine being. As translated it is "Lord God" instead of simply
"God." The Hebrew comparison is Yahwhe Elohim instead of Elohim.
The term Yahwhe is used for the covenant God and, in this account,
the one who bent down to form man and breathe into his nostrils v7. Elohim
alone shows the almighty God. Of course the two are one God. Yahweh
emphasizes His personal interest in humans. So our creator is near and
personal and He is awesome and powerful. This is the first occurrence of
the word, Yahwhe. Also ex0304,
Additional note: To see which name is being used, look in the front of your Bible where it discusses translation conventions used. The KJV and others in the OT use "LORD" and "God" for the most common Hebrew words and literally translate others. Exceptions are noted in the margin.
Those who feel that only the original names may be used seem to miss the point that Jesus and Paul and the Gospel writers used names for God in the then scholarly and modern language, Greek. When using the name of God they didn't suddenly stop and switch to Hebrew. The "name" of God is more than the word. Those who believe in using the Hebrew and Greek names don't stop and use the alphabets of those languages.
God's name is who He is. We honor it by being pure and true and reverent when taking it on our lips or in our profession of faith. Even using the sacred names in trite conversation profanes them. ex2007.
And every plant of the field before it was in the earth, and every herb
of the field before it grew: for the LORD God had not caused it to rain
upon the earth, and there was not a man to till the ground.
.6 But there went up a mist from the earth, and watered the whole face of the ground.
.7 And the LORD God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul.
5 - Plant ... herb of the field This describes the plants
that came as a result of sin ge0318.
5 - Had not caused it to rain Rain came at the time of the flood ge0704. The next verse here tells how the earth was watered before then. So at verse 4, we begin a second account of creation telling about the fall of man and the effects of sin.
7 - God formed man From this fundamental verse, God tells us, in language we can understand, the origin of humanity. There was no evolution from primates and lower life forms. Here, too, we find the meaning of "spirit" (also translated breath) and a primary meaning of "soul."
7 - Living soul From nephesh hayyah (soul living). The term describes animals in ge0120, 21, 24, and 30.
¶ And the LORD God planted a garden eastward in Eden; and there he
put the man whom he had formed.
.9 And out of the ground made the LORD God to grow every tree that is pleasant to the sight, and good for food; the tree of life also in the midst of the garden, and the tree of knowledge of good and evil.
.10 And a river went out of Eden to water the garden; and from thence it was parted, and became into four heads.
11 The name of the first is Pison: that is it which compasseth the whole land of Havilah, where there is gold;
.12 And the gold of that land is good: there is bdellium and the onyx stone.
13 And the name of the second river is Gihon: the same is it that compasseth the whole land of Ethiopia.
14 And the name of the third river is Hiddekel: that is it which goeth toward the east of Assyria. And the fourth river is Euphrates.
- Garden eastward in Eden When Jesus
returns, He will come from the east reminding us of the home we lost by
9 - Tree of knowledge The tree of the knowledge of good and evil was a test of loyalty. And more importantly, it was a demonstration of freedom. If God had prevented mankind from sin by not providing the option to disobey, then there would have been no choice. Godís character is love. We serve Him because we choose to love Him. We have the same choice as did Adam and Eve. How we choose shows whether or not we would be happy in heaven. Only people happy in obedience to Christ will be there. Of the two trees, only the tree of life will be in heaven because those who enter the gates into the city re2214 will have chosen that way of happiness. But thereís more good news. God helps us be ready. Without His strength we cannot be righteous. See ex1502, is2705, is5506-8, mt1128-30. We may even have a part of the divine nature! 2pe0104.
And the LORD God took the man, and put him into the garden of Eden to dress
it and to keep it.
.16 ¶ And the LORD God commanded the man, saying, Of every tree of the garden thou mayest freely eat:
.17 But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die.
- Surely die May be translated, "in
dying you shall die." Of course they did eat and they didn't die that day.
The Lord's statement was a pronouncement of the penalty for sin. On that
day Adam and Eve's status would change. They would certainly die, whereas
before then they would either live on endlessly or die, depending on their
choice. Rejection of the source of life means only death.
The Redeemer, the woman's Seed ge0315, would give us a choice to reverse the sentence. Paul describes Christ as the second Adam ro0512-15. We may choose His lineage and again have the opportunity to live through eternity although we face the first death now re2006a.
¶ And the LORD God said, It is not good that the man should be alone;
I will make him an help meet for him.
.18 Then the LORD God said, "It is not good that the man should be alone; I will make him a helper fit for him." (RSV).
|See the table at ru03.|
And out of the ground the LORD God formed every beast of the field, and
every fowl of the air; and brought them unto Adam to see what he would
call them: and whatsoever Adam called every living creature, that was the
20 And Adam gave names to all cattle, and to the fowl of the air, and to every beast of the field; but for Adam there was not found an help meet for him.
|19 - Adam Literally "the man." The Hebrew word, adam, means "man" but here it appears with the article "the" so it is better translated "the man" ó specifically the first human whom we call Adam. We see the generic meaning, "man" or "humankind" earlier at ge0126. Later God addresses the father of humanity directly ge0317 so the term is translated "Adam."|
¶ And the LORD God caused a deep sleep to fall upon Adam, and he slept:
and he took one of his ribs, and closed up the flesh instead thereof;
22 And the rib, which the LORD God had taken from man, made he a woman, and brought her unto the man.
.23 And Adam said, This is now bone of my bones, and flesh of my flesh: she shall be called Woman, because she was taken out of Man.
.24 Therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother, and shall cleave unto his wife: and they shall be one flesh.
.25 And they were both naked, the man and his wife, and were not ashamed.
- Adam See on v19.
25 - Naked ... not ashamed But they apparently were ashamed of their nakedness after they sinned ge0307. God has given us a natural shame of nakedness in front of other people re0318. We find this even in small children. This is protection from impurity. Pornography and adultery tend to dull it.
2. What evidence do we have of this difference? Consider 3:16.
3. In what ways do humans sometimes act like animals, thus blaspheming their creator? Rom. 1:19; Php. 3:19.