| 1 ¶ And when
Rachel saw that she bare Jacob no children, Rachel envied her sister; and
said unto Jacob, Give me children, or else I die.
2 And Jacob's anger was kindled against Rachel: and he said, Am I in God's stead, who hath withheld from thee the fruit of the womb?
3 And she said, Behold my maid Bilhah, go in unto her; and she shall bear upon my knees, that I may also have children by her.
4 And she gave him Bilhah her handmaid to wife: and Jacob went in unto her.
5 And Bilhah conceived, and bare Jacob a son.
.6 And Rachel said, God hath judged me, and hath also heard my voice, and hath given me a son: therefore called she his name Dan.
- Or else I die A strong statement expressing her feelings,
but envy is destructive pr1430,
3 - Go in to her Not God's plan, nor was polygamy. Rachel and Leah had not learned their lessons from Sarah. See on ge1601. And Jacob might have acted as the family priest and suggested prayer and trusting the divine providence v2.
3 - Bear upon my knees Thought to be an idiom. Perhaps the idea was that such a position would be closer to the adoptive mother receiving the child.
| 7 And Bilhah Rachel's
maid conceived again, and bare Jacob a second son.
8 And Rachel said, With great wrestlings have I wrestled with my sister, and I have prevailed: and she called his name Naphtali.
|Naphtali Means "my wrestling." Still nurturing envy.|
| 9 When Leah saw
that she had left bearing, she took Zilpah her maid, and gave her Jacob
10 And Zilpah Leah's maid bare Jacob a son.
11 And Leah said, A troop cometh: and she called his name Gad.
| 12 And Zilpah
Leah's maid bare Jacob a second son.
.13 And Leah said, Happy am I, for the daughters will call me blessed: and she called his name Asher.
|Happy ... blessed The desire of all women, especially those in the Hebrew culture. Compare Mary in lu0148.|
¶ And Reuben went in the days of wheat harvest, and found mandrakes
in the field, and brought them unto his mother Leah. Then Rachel said to
Leah, Give me, I pray thee, of thy son's mandrakes.
15 And she said unto her, Is it a small matter that thou hast taken my husband? and wouldest thou take away my son's mandrakes also? And Rachel said, Therefore he shall lie with thee to night for thy son's mandrakes.
- Mandrakes An herb still thought to promote
desire and fertility.
15 - Is it a small matter? Rachel later leaned to trust God instead of this plant v22, ps12703.
| 16 And Jacob came
out of the field in the evening, and Leah went out to meet him, and said,
Thou must come in unto me; for surely I have hired thee with my son's mandrakes.
And he lay with her that night.
17 And God hearkened unto Leah, and she conceived, and bare Jacob the fifth son.
.18 And Leah said, God hath given me my hire, because I have given my maiden to my husband: and she called his name Issachar.
- God hearkened It was not the mandrakes. He gave attention
to Rachel, too v22.
18 - God hath given Life comes from God but Leah misunderstood. God did not condone her act of promoting adultery.
18 - Hire Or "wages."
18 - Issachar "Recompense," ... born B. C. 1749. The character of his posterity was foretold by Jacob and by Moses, ge4914, de3318. (From ATS Dictionary.)
| 19 And Leah conceived
again, and bare Jacob the sixth son.
20 And Leah said, God hath endued me with a good dowry; now will my husband dwell with me, because I have born him six sons: and she called his name Zebulun.
|21 And afterwards she bare a daughter, and called her name Dinah.||21 - Dinah "Mention is made, of Dinah, because of the following story concerning her, Ge 34:1-16, &c. Perhaps Jacob had other daughters, though not registered." (JW Notes).|
And God remembered Rachel, and God hearkened to her, and opened her womb.
.23 And she conceived, and bare a son; and said, God hath taken away my reproach:
24 And she called his name Joseph; and said, The LORD shall add to me another son.
|23 - My reproach Barren women in the ancient orient were despised.|
| 25 ¶ And
it came to pass, when Rachel had born Joseph, that Jacob said unto Laban,
Send me away, that I may go unto mine own place, and to my country.
26 Give me my wives and my children, for whom I have served thee, and let me go: for thou knowest my service which I have done thee.
.27 And Laban said unto him, I pray thee, if I have found favour in thine eyes, tarry: for I have learned by experience that the LORD hath blessed me for thy sake.
28 And he said, Appoint me thy wages, and I will give it.
|28 - Appoint me thy wages Laban had more daughters for an excuse to keep Jacob and changed the wages ten times in six years ge3107. Certainly the evil one wanted wo stop the plan of the Messianic heir going back to the land of promise.|
| 29 And he said
unto him, Thou knowest how I have served thee, and how thy cattle was with
30 For it was little which thou hadst before I came, and it is now increased unto a multitude; and the LORD hath blessed thee since my coming: and now when shall I provide for mine own house also?
31 And he said, What shall I give thee? And Jacob said, Thou shalt not give me any thing: if thou wilt do this thing for me, I will again feed and keep thy flock:
| 32 I will pass
through all thy flock to day, removing from thence all the speckled and
spotted cattle, and all the brown cattle among the sheep, and the spotted
and speckled among the goats: and of such shall be my hire.
33 So shall my righteousness answer for me in time to come, when it shall come for my hire before thy face: every one that is not speckled and spotted among the goats, and brown among the sheep, that shall be counted stolen with me.
- Speckled and spotted ... my hire Such animals would be
33 - My righteousness He apparently was counting on the blessing of God.
| 34 And Laban said,
Behold, I would [that] it might be according to thy word.
35 And he removed that day the he goats that were ringstraked and spotted, and all the she goats that were speckled and spotted, and every one that had some white in it, and all the brown among the sheep, and gave them into the hand of his sons.
36 And he set three days' journey betwixt himself and Jacob: and Jacob fed the rest of Laban's flocks.
|35 - Three days' journey To avoid breeding between the two flocks.|
| 37 ¶ And
Jacob took him rods of green poplar, and of the hazel and chesnut tree;
and pilled white strakes in them, and made the white appear which was in
.38 And he set the rods which he had pilled before the flocks in the gutters in the watering troughs when the flocks came to drink, that they should conceive when they came to drink.
39 And the flocks conceived before the rods, and brought forth cattle ringstraked, speckled, and spotted.
40 And Jacob did separate the lambs, and set the faces of the flocks toward the ringstraked, and all the brown in the flock of Laban; and he put his own flocks by themselves, and put them not unto Laban's cattle.
|37 - Jacob took Critics use this do deny the inspiration of the Bible or this part of it because looking at sticks do not influence animal colors. Jacob and Laban understood a little about genetics but did not know that a pure-colored animal could have recessive genes that would show up later. God understood Jacob's unfair treatment and gave him a dream ge3110. Thus the story actually supports the inspiration of the Bible.|
| 41 And it came
to pass, whensoever the stronger cattle did conceive, that Jacob laid the
rods before the eyes of the cattle in the gutters, that they might conceive
among the rods.
42 But when the cattle were feeble, he put them not in: so the feebler were Laban's, and the stronger Jacob's.
43 And the man increased exceedingly, and had much cattle, and maidservants, and menservants, and camels, and asses.
|41 - Stronger cattle Here the genetic process, unknown until recent times, was in his favor. God's word is inspired and He blessed Jacob.|