¶ And it came to pass after these things, that one told Joseph, Behold,
thy father is sick: and he took with him his two sons, Manasseh and Ephraim.
2 And one told Jacob, and said, Behold, thy son Joseph cometh unto thee: and Israel strengthened himself, and sat upon the bed.
.3 And Jacob said unto Joseph, God Almighty appeared unto me at Luz in the land of Canaan, and blessed me,
4 And said unto me, Behold, I will make thee fruitful, and multiply thee, and I will make of thee a multitude of people; and will give this land to thy seed after thee for an everlasting possession.
.5 And now thy two sons, Ephraim and Manasseh, which were born unto thee in the land of Egypt before I came unto thee into Egypt, are mine; as Reuben and Simeon, they shall be mine.
- Two sons Their mother was and Egyptian ge4145-50.
2 - Israel strengthened himself He is about to act as communicator of the divine blessing. Compare ge4527f.
3 - God Almighty appeared ... and blessed ge3509ff.
5 - Thy two sons ... are mine The first two sons of Joseph were adopted as inheritors of the blessing through him. Thus, Jacob placed Joseph in the patriarchal line as the firstborn.
| 6 And thy issue, which
thou begettest after them, shall be thine, and shall be called after the
name of their brethren in their inheritance.
.7 And as for me, when I came from Padan, Rachel died by me in the land of Canaan in the way, when yet there was but a little way to come unto Ephrath: and I buried her there in the way of Ephrath; the same is Bethlehem.
- Which thou begettest They would not be heads of tribes.
7 - Rachel died by me A sad memory. Reference to her tomb and a picture are at 1sa1002.
| 8 ¶ And Israel beheld
Joseph's sons, and said, Who are these?
9 And Joseph said unto his father, They are my sons, whom God hath given me in this place. And he said, Bring them, I pray thee, unto me, and I will bless them.
10 Now the eyes of Israel were dim for age, so that he could not see. And he brought them near unto him; and he kissed them, and embraced them.
11 And Israel said unto Joseph, I had not thought to see thy face: and, lo, God hath shewed me also thy seed.
Image from ASB, public domain
| 12 And Joseph brought
them out from between his knees, and he bowed himself with his face to
.13 And Joseph took them both, Ephraim in his right hand toward Israel's left hand, and Manasseh in his left hand toward Israel's right hand, and brought them near unto him.
14 And Israel stretched out his right hand, and laid it upon Ephraim's head, who was the younger, and his left hand upon Manasseh's head, guiding his hands wittingly; for Manasseh was the firstborn.
And he blessed Joseph, and said, God, before whom my fathers Abraham and
Isaac did walk, the God which fed me all my life long unto this day,
.16 The Angel which redeemed me from all evil, bless the lads; and let my name be named on them, and the name of my fathers Abraham and Isaac; and let them grow into a multitude in the midst of the earth.
|16 - Angel which redeemed ge3227ff. Compare ex1321. Here the divine Lord ex3234, is6309, 1co1004.|
And when Joseph saw that his father laid his right hand upon the head of
Ephraim, it displeased him: and he held up his father's hand, to remove
it from Ephraim's head unto Manasseh's head.
18 And Joseph said unto his father, Not so, my father: for this is the firstborn; put thy right hand upon his head.
- Younger ... greater ... multitude Seen in the dominance
of Ephriam. In the divided kingdom, The whole northern part was often called
Ephriam instead of Israel is0702,
Ephriam had been smaller in the numbering of the tribes nu2634ff.
| 19 And his father refused,
and said, I know it, my son, I know it: he also shall become a people,
and he also shall be great: but truly his younger brother shall be greater
than he, and his seed shall become a multitude of nations.
20 And he blessed them that day, saying, In thee shall Israel bless, saying, God make thee as Ephraim and as Manasseh: and he set Ephraim before Manasseh.
And Israel said unto Joseph, Behold, I die: but God shall be with you,
and bring you again unto the land of your fathers.
.22 Moreover I have given to thee one portion above thy brethren, which I took out of the hand of the Amorite with my sword and with my bow.
- One portion above Jacob had purchased land near Shechem
The same Hebrew word means "portion." Joseph was buried at Shechem jos2432.Also
22 - Sword ... bow This battle is not mentioned elsewhere. Jacob apparently had to recover the land by force of arms. This could also be a prophecy but such an interpretation would strain the text.