David becomes king, takes Jerusalem, and defeats the Philistines
| 1 ¶ Then came all the
tribes of Israel to David unto Hebron, and spake, saying, Behold, we are
thy bone and thy flesh.
2 Also in time past, when Saul was king over us, thou wast he that leddest out and broughtest in Israel: and the LORD said to thee, Thou shalt feed my people Israel, and thou shalt be a captain over Israel.
.3 So all the elders of Israel came to the king to Hebron; and king David made a league with them in Hebron before the LORD: and they anointed David king over Israel.
.4 David was thirty years old when he began to reign, and he reigned forty years.
.5 In Hebron he reigned over Judah seven years and six months: and in Jerusalem he reigned thirty and three years over all Israel and Judah.
| 1 -
the tribes Here through chapter 10 is pictured the establishment
of the united kingdom.
For more details in the gathering see 1ch1223-38.
4 - Hebron The capital city.
¶ And the king and his men went to Jerusalem unto the Jebusites, the
inhabitants of the land: which spake unto David, saying, Except thou take
away the blind and the lame, thou shalt not come in hither: thinking, David
cannot come in hither.
.7 Nevertheless David took the strong hold of Zion: the same is the city of David.
.8 And David said on that day, Whosoever getteth up to the gutter, and smiteth the Jebusites, and the lame and the blind, that are hated of David's soul, he shall be chief and captain. Wherefore they said, The blind and the lame shall not come into the house.
.9 So David dwelt in the fort, and called it the city of David. And David built round about from Millo and inward.
10 And David went on, and grew great, and the LORD God of hosts was with him.
| 6 -
to Jerusalem This was an ideal site for the seat of government.
The city had been taken but was at this point occupied by Jebusites. jos1563,
8 - Gutter Probably the water channel from the spring, Gihon. The word occurs elsewhere only in ps04207.
¶ And Hiram king of Tyre sent messengers to David, and cedar trees,
and carpenters, and masons: and they built David an house.
12 And David perceived that the LORD had established him king over Israel, and that he had exalted his kingdom for his people Israel's sake.
.13 And David took him more concubines and wives out of Jerusalem, after he was come from Hebron: and there were yet sons and daughters born to David.
.14 And these be the names of those that were born unto him in Jerusalem; Shammua, and Shobab, and Nathan, and Solomon,
15 Ibhar also, and Elishua, and Nepheg, and Japhia,
16 And Elishama, and Eliada, and Eliphalet.
- Hiram Was this the same one who helped Solomon? Apparently
so although the two occasions are more than 50 years apart 2ch0203,
11 - Carpenters Hebrews sharashim plural for "artisan." Here wood workers would come with the trees.
13 - More concubines and wives This custom of other monarchs God had forbidden de1717. It was not a righteous conclusion from seeing his beautiful home. See ps0030. For polygamy see the table below on this page.
14 - ... Solomon See map.
| 17 ¶ But when the Philistines
heard that they had anointed David king over Israel, all the Philistines
came up to seek David; and David heard of it, and went down to the hold.
.18 The Philistines also came and spread themselves in the valley of Rephaim.
.19 And David enquired of the LORD, saying, Shall I go up to the Philistines? wilt thou deliver them into mine hand? And the LORD said unto David, Go up: for I will doubtless deliver the Philistines into thine hand.
20 And David came to Baalperazim, and David smote them there, and said, The LORD hath broken forth upon mine enemies before me, as the breach of waters. Therefore he called the name of that place Baalperazim.
.21 And there they left their images, and David and his men burned them.
22 And the Philistines came up yet again, and spread themselves in the valley of Rephaim.
- Philistines ... seek David "Ever since the defeat of the
Israelites and the fall of Saul and his sons, the Philistines seem to have
been in undisturbed possession of the principal places in the land of Israel;
now, finding that David was chosen king by the whole nation, they thought
best to attack him before his army got too numerous, and the affairs of
the kingdom were properly settled." (Clarke).
17 - Hold From mesudah, Same stronghold as in verse 7.
18 - Valley of Rephaim Rephaim is directly from the Hebrew and means "dead things." See on jb2605. SW of Jerusalem. See map.
19 - Enquired of the Lord "Go up" was an expression. in this case, the Philistines were lower, in a valley. jg0101, jg1203, 1sa0707. Praying for wisdom was natural
20 - Baal-perazim Literally, "lord of the breaking through." David made a sudden attack and broke through the Philistine ranks. (The name, "Baal" means "lord." We know the meaning from the context.).
21 - Images From 'asab' generally translated, "idols." See the parallel reference in 1ch1412.
And when David enquired of the LORD, he said, Thou shalt not go up; but
fetch a compass behind them, and come upon them over against the mulberry
23 And when David went for directions to the Lord, he said, You are not to go up against them in front; but make a circle round them from the back and come on them opposite the spice-trees. (BBE).
.24 And let it be, when thou hearest the sound of a going in the tops of the mulberry trees, that then thou shalt bestir thyself: for then shall the LORD go out before thee, to smite the host of the Philistines.
25 And David did so, as the LORD had commanded him; and smote the Philistines from Geba until thou come to Gazer.
- Not go up A different approach. The
enemy would not be ready. God's people were to see the work of the Lord.
It seems that this is the way the Lord prefers. Of course waiting without
action is not always wise.
24 - Going From se'adah. Literally "marching."
25 - As the Lord commanded "Geba" may have been intended as "Gibeon."
|"We are taught in God's word that this is the time, above all others, when we may look for light from heaven. It is now that we are to expect a refreshing from the presence of the Lord. We should watch for the movings of God's providence as the army of Israel watched for 'the sound of a going in the tops of the mulberry trees' — the appointed signal that heaven would work for them." (Ellen White, Testimonies, vol. 7, p. 28).|
Concubines are generally seen as different from wives. Some men had both. For example, consider Nahor (ge1129, ge2224). When David became king he took more concubines and wives 2sa0513. Also Solomon 1ki1103.
The distinction between wives and concubines seems to be that wives had a wedding ceremony as for Jacob ge2453. Biblical examples are few. We may generalize from the fact that concubines were apparently more like property. Also see on ge16, and on verse 13 above.
http://www.realmormonhistory.com/ . Referenced Feb. 2008.