Job 5
The argument: Affliction doesn't come from dust. God is punishing evil.
Continuation of the speech of Eliphaz
 1 ¶ Call now, if there be any that will answer thee; and to which of the saints wilt thou turn? 
 2 For wrath killeth the foolish man, and envy slayeth the silly one.
  If there be ... answer The implication is clear. Job is thought to have no hope.
  Saints Literally "holy ones." Eliphaz apparently considered himself holy. No holy or righteous person would listen to sinful Job. If Eliphaz intended "angels," he didn't understand re2208.
  Envy Or "passionate anger." pr1430, is4213.
 3 I have seen the foolish taking root: but suddenly I cursed his habitation.
 4 His children are far from safety, and they are crushed in the gate, neither is there any to deliver them.
 5 Whose harvest the hungry eateth up, and taketh it even out of the thorns, and the robber swalloweth up their substance.
  I cursed his habitation Not the responsibility of humans lu0637.
  Crushed in the gate Due to the curse. Perhaps the idea is that Job was responsible for the deaths of his children jb0113. More likely condemned in civil judgment which was typically connected with the city gate.
  Robber The Hebrew is unclear.
 6 ¶ Although affliction cometh not forth of the dust, neither doth trouble spring out of the ground; 
 7 Yet man is born unto trouble, as the sparks fly upward.
  Dust Perhaps thinking of jb0408.
  Sparks Literally "sons of the flame."
 8 I would seek unto God, and unto God would I commit my cause:
 9 Which doeth great things and unsearchable; marvellous things without number: 
 10 Who giveth rain upon the earth, and sendeth waters upon the fields: 
.11 To set up on high those that be low; that those which mourn may be exalted to safety.
  Great things Eliphaz sees God as producing all Job's trouble. Neither he nor Job understand Satan's evil plan jb0106.
.12 He disappointeth the devices of the crafty, so that their hands cannot perform their enterprise. 
.13 He taketh the wise in their own craftiness: and the counsel of the froward is carried headlong.
 14 They meet with darkness in the daytime, and grope in the noonday as in the night. 
 15 But he saveth the poor from the sword, from their mouth, and from the hand of the mighty.
  15 - Poor The literal translation: "But he saveth from the sword from their mouth, and from the hand of the mighty, the needy." "Paul (1Co 3:19) quoted this clause with the formula establishing its inspiration, "it is written." He cites the exact Hebrew words, not as he usually does the Septuagint, Greek version (Ps 9:15). Haman was hanged on the gallows he prepared for Mordecai (Es 5:14; 7:10)."
 16 So the poor hath hope, and iniquity stoppeth her mouth.
.17 ¶ Behold, happy is the man whom God correcteth: therefore despise not thou the chastening of the Almighty:
  Happy The statement is true although Eliphaz assumes that Job needs correction. pr0311, he1205.
.18 For he maketh sore, and bindeth up: he woundeth, and his hands make whole.
 19 He shall deliver thee in six troubles: yea, in seven there shall no evil touch thee.
 20 In famine he shall redeem thee from death: and in war from the power of the sword.
  Maketh sore Or "bruises." de3239, ho0601.
  Six troubles: yea, in seven This is a form of Ugaritic poetry. The numbers are not literal. Compare am0103.
 21 Thou shalt be hid from the scourge of the tongue: neither shalt thou be afraid of destruction when it cometh. 
 22 At destruction and famine thou shalt laugh: neither shalt thou be afraid of the beasts of the earth.
 23 For thou shalt be in league with the stones of the field: and the beasts of the field shall be at peace with thee.
 24 And thou shalt know that thy tabernacle shall be in peace; and thou shalt visit thy habitation, and shalt not sin. 
 25 Thou shalt know also that thy seed shall be great, and thine offspring as the grass of the earth.
  Tabernacle That is, "tent."
  Grass Literally "herb-bearing seed" ge0111.
 26 Thou shalt come to thy grave in a full age, like as a shock of corn cometh in in his season. 
 27 Lo this, we have searched it, so it is; hear it, and know thou it for thy good.
  Full of days With the satisfaction of a fruitful life. jb4217, ge3529, is6522.
  So it is Eliphaz believes he has spoken truth.
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