¶ The words of Amos, who was among the herdmen of Tekoa, which he
saw concerning Israel in the days of Uzziah king of Judah, and in the days
of Jeroboam the son of Joash king of Israel, two years before the earthquake.
2 And he said, The LORD will roar from Zion, and utter his voice from Jerusalem; and the habitations of the shepherds shall mourn, and the top of Carmel shall wither.
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Amos ... among the herdmen For more of his humble background see
1 - Earthquake See zc1405.
1 - Before the earthquake The destruction of Jerusalem before the captivity and its destruction in 70 A.D. are prototypes of the final destruction of the world and those who falsely claim to be God's people.
¶ Thus saith the LORD; For three transgressions of Damascus, and for
four, I will not turn away the punishment thereof; because they have threshed
Gilead with threshing instruments of iron:
4 But I will send a fire into the house of Hazael, which shall devour the palaces of Benhadad.
5 I will break also the bar of Damascus, and cut off the inhabitant from the plain of Aven, and him that holdeth the sceptre from the house of Eden: and the people of Syria shall go into captivity unto Kir, saith the LORD.
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Three transgressions ... and for four A picture of His patience.
4 - I will send fire ... Ben-hadad He was son and successor of Hazael. See the cruelties which they exercised upon the Israelites, 2Ki 10:32; 13:7, &c., and see especially 2Ki 8:12, where these cruelties are predicted. The fire threatened here is the war so successfully carried on against the Syrians by Jeroboam II., in which he took Damascus and Hamath, and reconquered all the ancient possessions of Israel. See 2Ki 14:25,26,28." (Clarke)
Thus saith the LORD; For three transgressions of Gaza, and for four, I
will not turn away the punishment thereof; because they carried away captive
the whole captivity, to deliver them up to Edom:
7 But I will send a fire on the wall of Gaza, which shall devour the palaces thereof:
8 And I will cut off the inhabitant from Ashdod, and him that holdeth the sceptre from Ashkelon, and I will turn mine hand against Ekron: and the remnant of the Philistines shall perish, saith the Lord GOD.
| 9 Thus saith the LORD;
For three transgressions of Tyrus, and for four, I will not turn away the
punishment thereof; because they delivered up the whole captivity to Edom,
and remembered not the brotherly covenant:
10 But I will send a fire on the wall of Tyrus, which shall devour the palaces thereof.
11 Thus saith the LORD; For three transgressions of Edom, and for
four, I will not turn away the punishment thereof; because he did pursue
his brother with the sword, and did cast off all pity, and his anger did
tear perpetually, and he kept his wrath for ever:
.12 But I will send a fire upon Teman, which shall devour the palaces of Bozrah.
.13 Thus saith the LORD; For three transgressions of the children of Ammon, and for four, I will not turn away the punishment thereof; because they have ripped up the women with child of Gilead, that they might enlarge their border:
.14 But I will kindle a fire in the wall of Rabbah, and it shall devour the palaces thereof, with shouting in the day of battle, with a tempest in the day of the whirlwind:
15 And their king shall go into captivity, he and his princes together, saith the LORD.
11 - Pursue his brother Edom was descendants of Esau. His brother was Jacob whom God renamed Israel.
12 - Teman Part of Edom. ge3611, je4907.
13 - Ammon Related to Israel through Lot.
13 - Ripped up See 1sa1101, 2sa1001, ne0210, ne0219, ne0401.
15 - Their king Could also be a name, malkam, or Molech, the chief Ammonite god. 1ki1107, je4901.
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