Psalm 74

Remember your people your flock
This psalm, like Psalm 79, may have been written after Jerusalem was taken by Nebuchadnezzar.
.1 ¶ <<Maschil of Asaph.>> O God, why hast thou cast us off for ever? why doth thine anger smoke against the sheep of thy pasture?
.2  Remember thy congregation, which thou hast purchased of old; the rod of thine inheritance, which thou hast redeemed; this mount Zion, wherein thou hast dwelt.
  Cast us off Similar to ps01301; ps04302; ps07905. Also la0520.
  Sheep The symbol shows the people as defenseless. Compare ps07913; ps09507.
  Zion See ps04802.
.3  Lift up thy feet unto the perpetual desolations; even all that the enemy hath done wickedly in the sanctuary.
 4  Thine enemies roar in the midst of thy congregations; they set up their ensigns for signs.
 5  A man was famous according as he had lifted up axes upon the thick trees.
 6  But now they break down the carved work thereof at once with axes and hammers.
 7  They have cast fire into thy sanctuary, they have defiled by casting down the dwelling place of thy name to the ground.
 8  They said in their hearts, Let us destroy them together: they have burned up all the synagogues of God in the land.
  3 - Lift up thy feet A call to recognize the trouble the congregation was in. Lifting feet implies that the Lord, through the Babylonians or the little horn, had trampled the city. Lifting feet would mean stopping the trampling. Compare trampling the sanctuary da0813. Having something under one's feet means having power or victory over it 2sa2239, 1ki0503.
  4 - Roar See is0529; je0215.
  6 - But Should be "and."
  7 - Cast fire The Babylonians burned it.2ki2509.
 9  We see not our signs: there is no more any prophet: neither is there among us any that knoweth how long.
.10  O God, how long shall the adversary reproach? shall the enemy blaspheme thy name for ever?
 11  Why withdrawest thou thy hand, even thy right hand? pluck it out of thy bosom.
 12 ¶ For God is my King of old, working salvation in the midst of the earth.
  9 - Any prophet See la0209; ez0726.
  10 - How long This question and, in fact, the chapter express the cry of da0813.
  11 - Right hand An expression for strength ps02006.
.13  Thou didst divide the sea by thy strength: thou brakest the heads of the dragons in the waters.
.14  Thou brakest the heads of leviathan in pieces, and gavest him to be meat to the people inhabiting the wilderness.
 15  Thou didst cleave the fountain and the flood: thou driedst up mighty rivers.
.16  The day is thine, the night also is thine: thou hast prepared the light and the sun.
 17  Thou hast set all the borders of the earth: thou hast made summer and winter.
  13 - Divide sea ... dragons Dividing the sea would picture the time of crossing the Red Sea. The dragons are would be the Egyptian army which perused the children of Israel and were destroyed ex1415-20. The sea beast pictured in re1301 apparently draws on this psalm. The NT dragon (Satan re1209) appears first in re1203. He is the moving force behind the dragon of chapter 12. re1302.
  14 - Leviathan  Here the psalmist
continues in symbolic language describing the dragon as Leviathan. See jb41. How would the Children of Israel be fed from the dead leviathan? Perhaps in parallel to the concept in the Shepherd's psalm where the sheep are fed in the presence of enemies ps02305.
 18 ¶ Remember this, that the enemy hath reproached, O LORD, and that the foolish people have blasphemed thy name.
 19  O deliver not the soul of thy turtledove unto the multitude of the wicked: forget not the congregation of thy poor for ever.
 20  Have respect unto the covenant: for the dark places of the earth are full of the habitations of cruelty.
 21  O let not the oppressed return ashamed: let the poor and needy praise thy name.
  18 - Enemy hath reproached See la0107, la0215, ps07410.
  18 - Name See ps00511, ps00717.
.22  Arise, O God, plead thine own cause: remember how the foolish man reproacheth thee daily.
23  Forget not the voice of thine enemies: the tumult of those that rise up against thee increaseth continually.
  22 - Increaseth Or "ascends."
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