Daniel 11b
Past situations used to describe future ones
Verses 36 to end
Text Historical situation
The papacy
Later situation represented
French Philosophical Revolution
.36a And the king shall do according to his will; and he shall exalt himself, and magnify himself above every god, and shall speak marvellous things against the God of gods, and shall prosper till the indignation be accomplished: for that that is determined shall be done.   The king The Roman church had held a tight control over the people in a church-state relationship where the clergy and the royalty were empowered (and made wealthy) through papal control. This system is seen in the story of the Massacre of St. Bartholomew which the church praised re1315c. The French revolted against both church and king. Indeed, they rejected Bible religion totally.
  The article "the" indicates that the "king" has been seen before. See da0823.
  According to his will v3, da0804.
  Exalt himself da0809, 2th0203f.
  God of gods de1017f.
  The king This transition introduces a new power, the succession of leaders and leading groups that arose in France in 1789 to throw off both church and state, in a blood bath similar to what their nation had seen in the massacre of Protestants in 1572 .
  Exalt himself See the page r11f.
  Speak ... things against See note a for da0725. As the church had done, the revolutionaries legislated against Bible religion and for new deities. Atheism quickly changed to deism (seeing God everywhere).
  God of gods de1017 (linked, left) Deism may be seen more here.
.36b And the king shall do according to his will; and he shall exalt himself, and magnify himself above every god, and shall speak marvellous things against the God of gods, and shall prosper till the indignation be accomplished: for that that is determined shall be done.   Till the indignation be accomplished The "king" continues to the coming of Christ da0825, re1920, is2624, but the time of 3½ "times" of great persecution is earlier re1305wh. It could also be called an "indignation."
  Determined God allowed a specific length of time re1305a. Also 7:25, linked above.
  Till ... indignation After the Reign of Terror for about 3½ prophetic days (literally years), France resumed Christianity. Notice that this compares to the 3½ times, or literal years of 360 days of 7:25 linked above. This strengthens the idea that the papal attitude was reflected in the French one.
  Determined The two witnesses lay dead in the street for 3½ days re1111, although God's advance determination of that time is not mentioned.
.37 Neither shall he regard the God of his fathers, nor the desire of women, nor regard any god: for he shall magnify himself above all.   God of his fathers In rhetoric the Roman Catholic church had the same God as did their fathers (the leaders of the early church), but in practice Christianity had been paganized.
  Desire of women This was Christ. See on ge0316. Celibacy which the Bible didn't require also fulfilled this.
  Neither regard ... above The leaders were responsible to no one.
  God of his fathers The theology of the papal church which had been in place before the revolution.
  Desire of women Marriage was only a civil contract, easily broken. One watchword was "Crush the wretch" meaning Christ.
 38 But in his estate [place] shall he honour the God of forces: and a god whom his fathers knew not shall he honour with gold, and silver, and with precious stones, and pleasant things.   In his place ... god of forces See da0812b-note. (Clovis provided the church an army and worked to get rid of "heritics.")   In his place ... god of forces Instead of reliance on the god of his fathers, new leaders looked to their home work force and their military for strength and temporal salvation re1110.
.39 Thus shall he do [or "work"] in the most strong holds with a strange god, whom he shall acknowledge and increase with glory: and he shall cause them to rule over many, and shall divide the land for gain.   Strongholds The church many nations of Europe that had been part of the Roman Empire join her. The alliance was called the "Holy Roman Empire" (a misnomer).
  Strange god ... glory This is Mary whose position (glory) in Catholicism is still increasing. See mt1246ff and mal0211. And a note for this verse.
  Divide the land for gain But the Lord had given the land nu3353f. It was His ps02401. See a second note.
  Strongholds All during the bloody revolution in France, she was taking over the countries of Europe.
  Strange god In throwing off formal religion, the woman was paraded and called the Goddess of Reason re1117b-g.
  Divide the land for gain Early in the French Revolution estates of French nobility were confiscated. This is estimated to be two-thirds of the property.
Text Historical situation
Egyptian Campaign of Cambyses
Later situation represented
Final Struggle of Antichrist
.40 And at the time of the end shall the king of the south push at him: and the king of the north shall come against him like a whirlwind, with chariots, and with horsemen, and with many ships; and he shall enter into the countries, and shall overflow and pass over.   Time of the end The final time for Persian king, Cambyses.
  King of the South Egypt
  King of the North Although east of Palestine, he would have traveled through Syria and approached from the north.
  With chariots ... ships ... overflow Cambyses approached Egypt by sea and land.
  The battle at this point is basically on a spiritual/religious level.
  Time of the end Daniel's book would be unsealed at this time da1204. It would also be after the persecution time v35 thus after the 1260 years ending in 1798 re1305a.
  King of the South ... push at him This small impact of humanism, atheism and deism was popularized by the French revolution re1107ff and also reflects ancient Egypt ex0502.
  King of the North The papacy rising from its "deadly wound" 1303a is an increasingly powerful international force.
.41 He shall enter also into the glorious land [or "land of delight"], and many countries shall be overthrown: but these shall escape out of his hand, even Edom, and Moab, and the chief of the children of Ammon.   Enter ... glorious land He apparently invaded Judah.
  These shall escape He passed through Trans-Jordan where these three countries were, but did not attack them.
  Enter ... glorious land See note.
  These shall escape People seen as traditional enemies of God in an apocalyptic sense, those who have not accepted Christianity will see the issues in the final conflict and take their stand with the remnant in upholding truth.
 42 He shall stretch forth his hand also upon the countries: and the land of Egypt shall not escape.   Egypt Conquered in 525 BC.   Egypt Representing the secular world. They, too, will be under the control of the king of the North. See under v40 above.
 43 But he shall have power over the treasures of gold and of silver, and over all the precious things of Egypt: and the Libyans and the Ethiopians shall be at his steps.   Libyans and ... Ethiopians at his steps His intention to further extend his conquests   Power over the treasures  We may expect this to mean control of the economy of the secular world. This power is used in re1317b to force submission.
  Libyans ... Ethiopians To imply the global extant of the power.
.44 But tidings out of the east and out of the north shall trouble him: therefore he shall go forth with great fury to destroy, and utterly to make away many.
  "... to destroy and to devote to destruction many" (J.P. Green, Interlinear).
  Destroy ... and utterly make away In the symbols of Revelation, those who refuse to worship the image are threatened with being killed and forbidden to buy and sell. re1315,17. The final desperate action of the wicked king of Daniel 11, also comes at the time seen in Revelation.
  Tidings ... trouble him The news from the east would have traveled west and came down from the north.
  Go forth with great fury Historians don't know what the news was.
  Tidings From the Hebrew shemuwah, also "announcement" or "report." In the context in the book of Revelation re1801-04, this is the final, solemn message to the world before the plagues fall and human probation closes. Its appearance comes at the same point in history described here in Daniel 11.
  East Christ will come from that direction mt2427. Also see Ezekiel's temple-viewing experience at ez4301f. and notice the Sun of righteousness mal0403.
  North Jerusalem represented God's special dwelling place. Also compare Satan's objective is1412f. See ps04801ff (verse 7 there mentions the north).
.45a And he shall plant the tabernacles of his palace between the seas in [or "and"] the glorious holy mountain; yet he shall come to his end, and none shall help him.

."And he will pitch the tents of his royal pavilion between the seas and the beautiful Holy Mountain: yet he will come to his end and no one will help him." (NASB).

  "And he shall pitch his palatial tents between the sea and the glorious holy mountain; yet he shall come to his end, with none to help him." (RSV).


  They Egyptian campaign of Cambyses was like the story of the wicked king (fallen church). 
  Tabernacles (tents) His return north took him through Judah. He camped in the coastal plain of Sharon between the "holy mountain" (location of Jerusalem and the temple) and the Mediterranean Sea. 
  Tabernacles Or "tents." The word may be seen as a symbol representing a counterfeit of the true sanctuary tabernacle ex2630 which represents the way of salvation ps07713.
  Between As the only access to God ez0816. This is pictured in Revelation as forced worship of the beast's image re1315b. When the evil king rises to the ultimate blasphemy, establishing a worship system to come between God and all humanity, God will bring him to an end.
  Sea(s) Considering this to be people, drawn from symbolism in da0702f  and ps06505f, leads us to understand the word here to mean all people. Also on "sea" - re1715, is1712.
  Glorious holy mountain Daniel directed his prayers to the desolated temple of Jerusalem da0610 seeing it as a symbol of the throne of God in heaven he0801f, ez2814f.
.45b . . . .yet he shall come to his end, and none shall help him.
  Chapter 12:1 And at that time shall Michael stand up, the great prince which standeth for the children of thy people. . . .
  Come to his end ... none shall help He wounded himself with his sword and, after twenty days died. No one could help him. People of the time saw this as judgment from God for wickedness.

  Information in this column from William H. Shea, The Abundant Life Bible Amplifier, Daniel 7-12, 1996.

  End The career of the wicked king of v36 ends at the time Michael stands up and time of trouble begins. This is a problem for the rapture theory, as I understand it, because they see the king as the antichrist who causes trouble during the tribulation. Thus he ends at the time they think he becomes active.
  None shall help The false religious system will lose its popular support. This time is seen also at re1919f.
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