Isaiah 44

Spirit poured out like water 1
Only one true God 6
Idols are vanity 9
Eyes shut to avoid seeing 18
Redemption for Jacob Cyrus helps 21
.1 ¶ Yet now hear, O Jacob my servant; and Israel, whom I have chosen:
.2  Thus saith the LORD that made thee, and formed thee from the womb, which will help thee; Fear not, O Jacob, my servant; and thou, Jesurun, whom I have chosen.
 3  For I will pour water upon him that is thirsty, and floods upon the dry ground: I will pour my spirit upon thy seed, and my blessing upon thine offspring:
.4  And they shall spring up as among the grass, as willows by the water courses.
 5  One shall say, I am the LORD'S; and another shall call himself by the name of Jacob; and another shall subscribe with his hand unto the LORD, and surname himself by the name of Israel.

  1 - Jacob servant See on is4108.
  2 - Don't be afraid Comfort to the chosen 
  2 - Jesurun A name for Israel meaning "upright one." Compare de3215.
  3 - Pour water Promise of the Holy Spirit on those who are thirsty for it ps4201,2; jl0223; mt0506.

Watering the dry ground v3

   4 - Spring up Result of the latter rain ze1001. The idea of "among the grass" pictures the few who are more like trees ps0103; je1708..
   5 - I am the Lord's Compare mt0721.

Image copyright expired DA
.6  Thus saith the LORD the King of Israel, and his redeemer the LORD of hosts; I am the first, and I am the last; and beside me there is no God.
.7  And who, as I, shall call, and shall declare it, and set it in order for me, since I appointed the ancient people? and the things that are coming, and shall come, let them shew unto them.
.8  Fear ye not, neither be afraid: have not I told thee from that time, and have declared it? ye are even my witnesses. Is there a God beside me? yea, there is no God; I know not any.
   6 - First and last In Revelation, Jesus added the Greek letters, alpha and omega, perhaps to emphasize that He was not only for the people of ancient Israel re0111.
   8 - My witnesses The mission of the chosen people. They would show that the true God is the only god. See the following verse.
  9 ¶ They that make a graven image are all of them vanity; and their delectable things shall not profit; and they are their own witnesses; they see not, nor know; that they may be ashamed.
 10  Who hath formed a god, or molten a graven image that is profitable for nothing?
 11  Behold, all his fellows shall be ashamed: and the workmen, they are of men: let them all be gathered together, let them stand up; yet they shall fear, and they shall be ashamed together.
 12  The smith with the tongs both worketh in the coals, and fashioneth it with hammers, and worketh it with the strength of his arms: yea, he is hungry, and his strength faileth: he drinketh no water, and is faint.
 13  The carpenter stretcheth out his rule; he marketh it out with a line; he fitteth it with planes, and he marketh it out with the compass, and maketh it after the figure of a man, according to the beauty of a man; that it may remain in the house.
 14  He heweth him down cedars, and taketh the cypress and the oak, which he strengtheneth for himself among the trees of the forest: he planteth an ash, and the rain doth nourish it.
.15  Then shall it be for a man to burn: for he will take thereof, and warm himself; yea, he kindleth it, and baketh bread; yea, he maketh a god, and worshippeth it; he maketh it a graven image, and falleth down thereto.
.16  He burneth part thereof in the fire; with part thereof he eateth flesh; he roasteth roast, and is satisfied: yea, he warmeth himself, and saith, Aha, I am warm, I have seen the fire:
 17  And the residue thereof he maketh a god, even his graven image: he falleth down unto it, and worshippeth it, and prayeth unto it, and saith, Deliver me; for thou art my god.

   9 - Images are vanity The word for "vanity" is tohu emptiness ge0102, is4129. This seems so obvious that we imagine the people who worshipped images were stupid. Satan used their beliefs to his advantage fulfilling, at times, their requests, or withholding his cruelties and sickness to make them think the image had helped them. He works the same way today in charismatic sensationalism.
   The illustration is from Hurlbut's Life of Christ, 1915. Tool 6 is possibly leather strap and bow. When a loop of the strap is wound around a drill tool inserted through the wood bushing (nut), moving the bow would make the drill turn.
  15 - Maketh So it is a matter of chance whether the piece of wood becomes fuel or an idol. de3216,17.
.18  They have not known nor understood: for he hath shut their eyes, that they cannot see; and their hearts, that they cannot understand.
 19  And none considereth in his heart, neither is there knowledge nor understanding to say, I have burned part of it in the fire; yea, also I have baked bread upon the coals thereof; I have roasted flesh, and eaten it: and shall I make the residue thereof an abomination? shall I fall down to the stock of a tree?
 20  He feedeth on ashes: a deceived heart hath turned him aside, that he cannot deliver his soul, nor say, Is there not a lie in my right hand?
  18 - Cannot understand ro0121ff.
  18 - He hath shut their eyes See on is0609,10, ro0121-23.
  20 - Deceived heart 2th0210f.
.21 ¶ Remember these, O Jacob and Israel; for thou art my servant: I have formed thee; thou art my servant: O Israel, thou shalt not be forgotten of me.
.22  I have blotted out, as a thick cloud, thy transgressions, and, as a cloud, thy sins: return unto me; for I have redeemed thee.
 23  Sing, O ye heavens; for the LORD hath done it: shout, ye lower parts of the earth: break forth into singing, ye mountains, O forest, and every tree therein: for the LORD hath redeemed Jacob, and glorified himself in Israel.
   21 - O Jacob, my servant God speaks to His people assuring them that He is their redeemer. Cyrus has a part in fulfilling this.
   22 - Sins blotted out Blessing of redemption to those who repent.
 24  Thus saith the LORD, thy redeemer, and he that formed thee from the womb, I am the LORD that maketh all things; that stretcheth forth the heavens alone; that spreadeth abroad the earth by myself;
 25  That frustrateth the tokens of the liars, and maketh diviners mad; that turneth wise men backward, and maketh their knowledge foolish;
  24 - Thus saith the Lord ... I am The awesome Creator God reveals Himself as in is4012, is4022 ....
  25 - Tokens From 'othoth which also means "signs." Pagan prophets claim signs which God sometimes allows. For those who want truth He reveals the corrupt practices.
 26  That confirmeth the word of his servant, and performeth the counsel of his messengers; that saith to Jerusalem, Thou shalt be inhabited; and to the cities of Judah, Ye shall be built, and I will raise up the decayed places thereof:
.27  That saith to the deep, Be dry, and I will dry up thy rivers:
.28  That saith of Cyrus, He is my shepherd, and shall perform all my pleasure: even saying to Jerusalem, Thou shalt be built; and to the temple, Thy foundation shall be laid.
  26 - Confirmeth the word He appoints prophets and gives evidence to those who search for truth. Predictions are fulfilled je2809.
  26 - His servant Isaiah would have fulfilled this prophecy is4108.
  26 - Be inhabited A century or more later Jerusalem would be destroyed. Isaiah here was shown the city again inhabited whereas Sodom and Gomorrah would not be inhabited is1319,20.
  28 - Cyrus, my shepherd Written long before the time of Cyrus. Daniel may have shown the king this prophecy which he acts on ezr0102. The next chapter continues with Cyrus.
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