Isaiah 45

  The Holy One of Israel, the only One

.1 ¶ Thus saith the LORD to his anointed, to Cyrus, whose right hand I have holden, to subdue nations before him; and I will loose the loins of kings, to open before him the two leaved gates; and the gates shall not be shut;
 2  I will go before thee, and make the crooked places straight: I will break in pieces the gates of brass, and cut in sunder the bars of iron:
 3  And I will give thee the treasures of darkness, and hidden riches of secret places, that thou mayest know that I, the LORD, which call thee by thy name, am the God of Israel.
 4  For Jacob my servant's sake, and Israel mine elect, I have even called thee by thy name: I have surnamed thee, though thou hast not known me.
  1 - Cyrus - The one who obeyed the Lord in the previous chapter is4428.
  3 - Treasures ... hidden "that is, hidden in subterranean places; a common Oriental practice. Sorcerers pretended to be able to show where such treasures were to be found; in opposition to their pretensions, God says, He will really give hidden treasures to Cyrus (Jer 50:37; 51:13). PLINY (Natural History,, 33:3) says that Cyrus obtained from the conquest of Asia thirty-four thousand pounds weight of gold, besides golden vases, and five hundred thousand talents of silver, and the goblet of Semiramis, weighing fifteen talents." (JFB Commentary)
  4 - For Jacob ... sake It was time to release the captives.
.5 ¶ I am the LORD, and there is none else, there is no God beside me: I girded thee, though thou hast not known me:
 6  That they may know from the rising of the sun, and from the west, that there is none beside me. I am the LORD, and there is none else.
7  I form the light, and create darkness: I make peace, and create evil: I the LORD do all these things.
 8  Drop down, ye heavens, from above, and let the skies pour down righteousness: let the earth open, and let them bring forth salvation, and let righteousness spring up together; I the LORD have created it.
 9  Woe unto him that striveth with his Maker! Let the potsherd strive with the potsherds of the earth. Shall the clay say to him that fashioneth it, What makest thou? or thy work, He hath no hands?
 10  Woe unto him that saith unto his father, What begettest thou? or to the woman, What hast thou brought forth?
  5 - I am the Lord Cyrus was to recognize Yahweh as the supreme God.
  7 - I form the light Zoroastrianism from the Persian prophet Zoroaster became the religion of the empire at about this time. Its deity was Ahura-Mazda, the god of light and life. Now Cyrus was to know the only true God, the Creator.
  8 - Pour down righteousness It was to come like rain. Reference to the early rain. See ps07206, ho0603, jl0223 and the table in with comments on Joel.
.11 ¶ Thus saith the LORD, the Holy One of Israel, and his Maker, Ask me of things to come concerning my sons, and concerning the work of my hands command ye me.
 12  I have made the earth, and created man upon it: I, even my hands, have stretched out the heavens, and all their host have I commanded.
 13  I have raised him up in righteousness, and I will direct all his ways: he shall build my city, and he shall let go my captives, not for price nor reward, saith the LORD of hosts.
 14  Thus saith the LORD, The labour of Egypt, and merchandise of Ethiopia and of the Sabeans, men of stature, shall come over unto thee, and they shall be thine: they shall come after thee; in chains they shall come over, and they shall fall down unto thee, they shall make supplication unto thee, saying, Surely God is in thee; and there is none else, there is no God.

  11 - Ask me Or "You ask me." The statement would otherwise contradict verses 9 and 10. On God's dealing with Cyrus, see ex0916, da0714.
  12 - Heavens The sky See on is4012.
  13 - Raised him up God brought Cyrus into power. is4428, v1.
  14 - God begins to address Cyrus directly.
  14 - Labour of Egypt The wealth they produced.
The picture is of Nebula NG C604 in the Spiral Galaxy
 15  Verily thou art a God that hidest thyself, O God of Israel, the Saviour.
.16  They shall be ashamed, and also confounded, all of them: they shall go to confusion together that are makers of idols.
 17  But Israel shall be saved in the LORD with an everlasting salvation: ye shall not be ashamed nor confounded world without end.
.18  For thus saith the LORD that created the heavens; God himself that formed the earth and made it; he hath established it, he created it not in vain, he formed it to be inhabited: I am the LORD; and there is none else.
 19  I have not spoken in secret, in a dark place of the earth: I said not unto the seed of Jacob, Seek ye me in vain: I the LORD speak righteousness, I declare things that are right.
  15 - Hidest We do not understand all of the work of God for us. 
  17 - Israel ... saved This was God's plan for Israel but they didn't accept it and apply it to their lives. Notice the end of the verse. God planned an endless world for those who came out of ancient Babylon. Sadly they apostatized as had their ancestors. The promise will eventually be fulfilled ep0320,1.
  18 - Created ... not in vain He had made it to be a blessing. See lu1422.
 20 ¶ Assemble yourselves and come; draw near together, ye that are escaped of the nations: they have no knowledge that set up the wood of their graven image, and pray unto a god that cannot save.
.21  Tell ye, and bring them near; yea, let them take counsel together: who hath declared this from ancient time? who hath told it from that time? have not I the LORD? and there is no God else beside me; a just God and a Saviour; there is none beside me.
.22  Look unto me, and be ye saved, all the ends of the earth: for I am God, and there is none else.
.23  I have sworn by myself, the word is gone out of my mouth in righteousness, and shall not return, That unto me every knee shall bow, every tongue shall swear.
.24  Surely, shall one say, in the LORD have I righteousness and strength: even to him shall men come; and all that are incensed against him shall be ashamed.
 25  In the LORD shall all the seed of Israel be justified, and shall glory.
  20 - Assemble yourselves To understand that this is not referring to the modern nation that has taken the name, Israel, see the explanation with Rev. 7. 
  23 - Every knee At the final judgment time around the throne. See on re0513.
Isaiah home
Commentary home