Jeremiah 25

God traces long history of ignoring warnings 1
Refusal to listen so land will be desolate 8
Babylon punished after 70 years 12
Israel to cause all nations to drink the cup of wrath 15
Tell the nations to drink, but you will also be punishes 27
The Lord's controversy with the nations 30
People everywhere slain; shepherds and sheep punished 32
.1 ¶ The word that came to Jeremiah concerning all the people of Judah in the fourth year of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah king of Judah, that was the first year of Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon;
 2  The which Jeremiah the prophet spake unto all the people of Judah, and to all the inhabitants of Jerusalem, saying,
  1 - Fourth year of Jehoiakim The action is in verse 9.
  1 - Nebuchadrezzar Alternate spelling. Compare je2102., 2ki2401.
 3  From the thirteenth year of Josiah the son of Amon king of Judah, even unto this day, that is the three and twentieth year, the word of the LORD hath come unto me, and I have spoken unto you, rising early and speaking; but ye have not hearkened.
.4  And the LORD hath sent unto you all his servants the prophets, rising early and sending them; but ye have not hearkened, nor inclined your ear to hear.
  3 - Rising early An idiom implying perseverance. Compare je0713.
  4 - Lord ... sent ... prophets But they ignored them. je4404.
 5  They said, Turn ye again now every one from his evil way, and from the evil of your doings, and dwell in the land that the LORD hath given unto you and to your fathers for ever and ever:
 6  And go not after other gods to serve them, and to worship them, and provoke me not to anger with the works of your hands; and I will do you no hurt.
 7  Yet ye have not hearkened unto me, saith the LORD; that ye might provoke me to anger with the works of your hands to your own hurt.
  5 - Turn ... dwell This expresses the call of a true prophet 2ki1713, ez1830-32.
  5 - Dwell ... for ever and ever The Lord set before them the opportunity to reside permanently in the land. Of course the fulfillment of the promise depended on their faithfulness.
  7 - Your own hurt See je2409.
.8 ¶ Therefore thus saith the LORD of hosts; Because ye have not heard my words,
.9  Behold, I will send and take all the families of the north, saith the LORD, and Nebuchadrezzar the king of Babylon, my servant, and will bring them against this land, and against the inhabitants thereof, and against all these nations round about, and will utterly destroy them, and make them an astonishment, and an hissing, and perpetual desolations.
.10  Moreover I will take from them the voice of mirth, and the voice of gladness, the voice of the bridegroom, and the voice of the bride, the sound of the millstones, and the light of the candle.

  8 - Lord of hosts See je0703.
  9 - Send ... Nebuchadnezzar He destroyed Jerusalem in 605 BC.
  9 - Perpetual Hebrew owlam Or "everlasting" which was 70 years. The word appears again in v12. After the punishment of Judah, Babylon would be published. Thus we have two rebellions each followed by desolation.
  10 - Voice No happy sounds je0734 or women grinding and no candle light (ex1105, mt2441, See re1822,23. It was dark!
.11 And this whole land shall be a desolation, and an astonishment; and these nations shall serve the king of Babylon seventy years.
.12  And it shall come to pass, when seventy years are accomplished, that I will punish the king of Babylon, and that nation, saith the LORD, for their iniquity, and the land of the Chaldeans, and will make it perpetual desolations.
 13  And I will bring upon that land all my words which I have pronounced against it, even all that is written in this book, which Jeremiah hath prophesied against all the nations.
.14  For many nations and great kings shall serve themselves of them also: and I will recompense them according to their deeds, and according to the works of their own hands.
- - - - - - - -
  11 - Astonishment Literally, "a horror" je0530.
  11 - Serve Babylon seventy years Reference to the nations around Judah. See je2910 for the seventy years of captivity of only the Jews.
Comments begin at left
  13 - All ... written in this book "It follows from this, that the prophecies against foreign nations (forty-sixth through fifty-first chapters) must have been already written. Hence the Septuagint inserts here those prophecies. But if they had followed immediately (Jer 25:13), there would have been no propriety in the observation in the verse. The very wording of the reference shows that they existed in some other part of the book, and not in the immediate context. It was in this very year, the fourth of Jehoiakim (Jer 36:1,2), that Jeremiah was directed to write in a regular book for the first time all that he had prophesied against Judah and foreign "nations" from the beginning of his ministry. Probably, at a subsequent time, when he completed the whole work, including the forty-sixth through fifty-first chapters, Jeremiah himself inserted the clause, "all that is written in this book, which Jeremiah hath prophesied against all the nations." The prophecies in question may have been repeated, as others in Jeremiah, more than once; so in the original smaller collection they may have stood in an earlier position; and, in the fuller subsequent collection, in their later and present position." (JFB)
.15 ¶ For thus saith the LORD God of Israel unto me; Take the wine cup of this fury at my hand, and cause all the nations, to whom I send thee, to drink it.
.16  And they shall drink, and be moved, and be mad, because of the sword that I will send among them.
 17  Then took I the cup at the LORD'S hand, and made all the nations to drink, unto whom the LORD had sent me:
 18  To wit, Jerusalem, and the cities of Judah, and the kings thereof, and the princes thereof, to make them a desolation, an astonishment, an hissing, and a curse; as it is this day;
 19  Pharaoh king of Egypt, and his servants, and his princes, and all his people;
.20  And all the mingled people, and all the kings of the land of Uz, and all the kings of the land of the Philistines, and Ashkelon, and Azzah [or Gaza], and Ekron, and the remnant of Ashdod,
.21  Edom, and Moab, and the children of Ammon,
 22  And all the kings of Tyrus, and all the kings of Zidon, and the kings of the isles which are beyond the sea,
 23  Dedan, and Tema, and Buz, and all that are in the utmost corners,
 24  And all the kings of Arabia, and all the kings of the mingled people that dwell in the desert,
 25  And all the kings of Zimri, and all the kings of Elam, and all the kings of the Medes,


 26  And all the kings of the north, far and near, one with another, and all the kingdoms of the world, which are upon the face of the earth: and the king of Sheshach shall drink after them.
.27  Therefore thou shalt say unto them, Thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; Drink ye, and be drunken, and spue, and fall, and rise no more, because of the sword which I will send among you.
 28  And it shall be, if they refuse to take the cup at thine hand to drink, then shalt thou say unto them, Thus saith the LORD of hosts; Ye shall certainly drink.
 29  For, lo, I begin to bring evil on the city which is called by my name, and should ye be utterly unpunished? Ye shall not be unpunished: for I will call for a sword upon all the inhabitants of the earth, saith the LORD of hosts.
  26 - Sheshack Or "Babylon" as can be seen in je5141. After making other nations drink or taste defeat, Babylon would drink. See is5117, hk0216.
  27 - Be drunken Compare Darby translation: "And thou shalt say unto them, Thus saith Jehovah of hosts, the God of Israel: Drink, and be drunken, and vomit, and fall, and rise no more, because of the sword that I will send among you."
  27 - Rise no more "The heathen nations in question should fall to rise no more. The Jews should fall but for a time, and then rise again. Therefore, the epithet is given, 'the God of Israel.'" (JFB)
  29 - Bring evil As in verse 18, Israel is to be punished 1pe0417.
.30 ¶ Therefore prophesy thou against them all these words, and say unto them, The LORD shall roar from on high, and utter his voice from his holy habitation; he shall mightily roar upon his habitation; he shall give a shout, as they that tread the grapes, against all the inhabitants of the earth.
 31  A noise shall come even to the ends of the earth; for the LORD hath a controversy with the nations, he will plead with all flesh; he will give them that are wicked to the sword, saith the LORD.
  30 - Against them all None are free from rebellion.
  31 - Lord hath a controversy The word is rib which here is a court case.
.32  Thus saith the LORD of hosts, Behold, evil shall go forth from nation to nation, and a great whirlwind shall be raised up from the coasts of the earth.
.33  And the slain of the LORD shall be at that day from one end of the earth even unto the other end of the earth: they shall not be lamented, neither gathered, nor buried; they shall be dung upon the ground.
  32 - Coasts Or "remote parts."
  32 - Great whirlwind Explained for je2319.
  33 - Slain of the Lord See is3401, is6615, is6624. Description of chaotic earth after probation has closed.
 34  Howl, ye shepherds, and cry; and wallow yourselves in the ashes, ye principal of the flock: for the days of your slaughter and of your dispersions are accomplished; and ye shall fall like a pleasant vessel.
 35  And the shepherds shall have no way to flee, nor the principal of the flock to escape.
 36  A voice of the cry of the shepherds, and an howling of the principal of the flock, shall be heard: for the LORD hath spoiled their pasture.
 37  And the peaceable habitations are cut down because of the fierce anger of the LORD.
.38  He hath forsaken his covert, as the lion: for their land is desolate because of the fierceness of the oppressor, and because of his fierce anger.
  34 - Howl ye shepherds The wicked will turn on the false religious teachers who promoted massive the end-time religious movement re1308.
  36 - Shall be heard These three words were supplied by the KJV translators.
  37 - Habitations Literally "pasture grounds." For context, see v30 above.
  38 - Fierceness A terrible scene for those who reject the mercy of a loving God.
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