Zechariah 3
Plucked from the fire
.1 ¶ And he shewed me Joshua the high priest standing before the angel of the LORD, and Satan standing at his right hand to resist [or "oppose"] him.
.2  And the LORD said unto Satan, The LORD rebuke thee, O Satan; even the LORD that hath chosen Jerusalem rebuke thee: is not this a brand plucked out of the fire?
   1 - Joshua ... before the angel This is not Joshua the judge of Israel de3103 but a later high priest who is symbolic in future events. In the same way, Isaiah used contemporary characters to represent others is14.
   1 - Joshua Who does he represent? Satan resists us and he resisted Christ. Christ is our representative before the father. He is accused and, through the cross, found innocent, but He here acts for us. Therefore we, too, are Joshua. This becomes clearer as we continue. See zc0609-15.
   2 - Satan ... the Lord rebuke thee He is the accuser of the righteous re1210b.
   2 - Plucked from the fire We have sinned. Satan is right about that. But, in accepting Christ, we are saved from the fire that would destroy us. Jesus Christ stood in our place. He bore our guilt. He faced eternal death eternal separation from the Father but was resurrected because he had no sin. We see in this chapter how He got the right to rebuke Satan.
.3  Now Joshua was clothed with filthy garments, and stood before the angel.
.4  And he answered and spake unto those that stood before him, saying, Take away the filthy garments from him. And unto him he said, Behold, I have caused thine iniquity to pass from thee, and I will clothe thee with change of raiment.
 5  And I said, Let them set a fair mitre upon his head. So they set a fair mitre upon his head, and clothed him with garments. And the angel of the LORD stood by.
 6  And the angel of the LORD protested unto Joshua, saying,
.7  Thus saith the LORD of hosts; If thou wilt walk in my ways, and if thou wilt keep my charge, then thou shalt also judge my house, and shalt also keep my courts, and I will give thee places to walk among these that stand by.
  4 - Those that stood before him Who could these be? Did the high priest ever get vindicated in the sanctuary system? Let's look at the establishment of the system in Leviticus. See le08 first ten or so verses. There Moses, apparently representing the children of Israel, washed Aaron. Christ has always been clean of sin. Our washing in His blood re0714 reveals that purity. In that sense we wash Him who is seen in judgment worthy and capable of saving from sin. Similarly, we crown Him as our king zc0916. On "spake" see on jb0302.
.8 ¶ Hear now, O Joshua the high priest, thou, and thy fellows that sit before thee: for they are men wondered at: for, behold, I will bring forth my servant the BRANCH.
.9  For behold the stone that I have laid before Joshua; upon one stone shall be seven eyes: behold, I will engrave the graving thereof, saith the LORD of hosts, and I will remove the iniquity of that land in one day.
.10  In that day, saith the LORD of hosts, shall ye call every man his neighbour under the vine and under the fig tree.
  8 - Branch The Messiah. Also see table below.
  9 - Day On one special day during the sanctuary calendar year, the Day of Atonement, the high priest entered the most holy place of the sanctuary to stand before God. He represents Christ who stands in our place for judgment. Then the sanctuary in heaven he0801 is cleansed of the temporary defilement by our sins le1618. At the time of that cleansing, the people who humble their souls are cleansed le1619. After the Day of Atonement in the calendar, comes the Feast of Tabernacles which represents our celebration in the heavenly Canaan. So in a period of time before Jesus raises the dead and the living join them to meet Him in the air 1th0416, is the time of judgment. The righteous are confirmed as ready for heaven. Compare re1407. Through the symbols of the sanctuary, we may see the work of Christ in our salvation. Praise God.
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Commentary home
Messiah as the Branch
The King from the seed of David, Jer. 23:5, 6.; Jer. 33:15. Royal heir of righteousness, and judge.
The Servant, Zec. 3:8 (above) He removes iniquity (Day of Atonement).
The Son of Man, Zec.6:12. Representative of humanity.
The Son of God, branch of Yahweh Isa. 4:2. The victorious Christ after the close of probation.