Jeremiah 33

God promised restoration if the people would return to Him
 1 ¶ Moreover the word of the LORD came unto Jeremiah the second time, while he was yet shut up in the court of the prison, saying,
 2  Thus saith the LORD the maker thereof, the LORD that formed it, to establish it; the LORD is his name;
.3  Call unto me, and I will answer thee, and shew thee great and mighty things, which thou knowest not.
  1 - Yet shut up See je3202.
  2 - Maker thereof Of what? The preceding verses are about lands and cities. We may understand the prophet to have been talking about the earth je1011f.
  3 - Mighty Better translated, "incomprehensible." The Lord wants us to understand Him better and will certainly help us understand Him as revealed in the Scriptures.
 4  For thus saith the LORD, the God of Israel, concerning the houses of this city, and concerning the houses of the kings of Judah, which are thrown down by the mounts, and by the sword;
 5  They come to fight with the Chaldeans, but it is to fill them with the dead bodies of men, whom I have slain in mine anger and in my fury, and for all whose wickedness I have hid my face from this city.
 6  Behold, I will bring it health and cure, and I will cure them, and will reveal unto them the abundance of peace and truth.
  4 - Thrown down See je3224.
  6 - Behold I will bring it ... See je3017, je0822.
  6 - Cure Literally a long linen bandage for dressing wounds.
.7  And I will cause the captivity of Judah and the captivity of Israel to return, and will build them, as at the first.
 8  And I will cleanse them from all their iniquity, whereby they have sinned against me; and I will pardon all their iniquities, whereby they have sinned, and whereby they have transgressed against me.
.9  And it shall be to me a name of joy, a praise and an honour before all the nations of the earth, which shall hear all the good that I do unto them: and they shall fear and tremble for all the goodness and for all the prosperity that I procure unto it.
  8 - Cleanse them If they would return spiritually (v7) the Lord would forgive them and provide the restoration described beginning at verse 6. Sadly they did not return.
.10 ¶ Thus saith the LORD; Again there shall be heard in this place, which ye say shall be desolate without man and without beast, even in the cities of Judah, and in the streets of Jerusalem, that are desolate, without man, and without inhabitant, and without beast,
.11  The voice of joy, and the voice of gladness, the voice of the bridegroom, and the voice of the bride, the voice of them that shall say, Praise the LORD of hosts: for the LORD is good; for his mercy endureth for ever: and of them that shall bring the sacrifice of praise into the house of the LORD. For I will cause to return the captivity of the land, as at the first, saith the LORD.
  10 - Without man See je3243.
  11 - Voice of gladness When they could return to Judah and Jerusalem. Such would be absent during the exile. See je0734.
.12  Thus saith the LORD of hosts; Again in this place, which is desolate without man and without beast, and in all the cities thereof, shall be an habitation of shepherds causing their flocks to lie down.
 13  In the cities of the mountains, in the cities of the vale, and in the cities of the south, and in the land of Benjamin, and in the places about Jerusalem, and in the cities of Judah, shall the flocks pass again under the hands of him that telleth them, saith the LORD.
  12 - Habitation of shepherds Compare je5006.
.14  Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will perform that good thing which I have promised unto the house of Israel and to the house of Judah.
.15  In those days, and at that time, will I cause the Branch of righteousness to grow up unto David; and he shall execute judgment and righteousness in the land.
.16  In those days shall Judah be saved, and Jerusalem shall dwell safely: and this is the name wherewith she shall be called, The LORD our righteousness.
.17 ¶ For thus saith the LORD; David shall never want a man to sit upon the throne of the house of Israel;
  14 - I will perform ... promised An important promise. The Jewish nation has not received it. See on je0110. Could it be that the "good things" promised to Israel would be fulfilled for Israel's replacement? ga0328.
   15 - Branch of David Reference to the Messiah, a descendant of David zc0308, mt0101, mt2109. The Jews didn't recognize Jesus as the Messiah because they were expecting His coming in glory. The glory comes later lu0926. From another prophecy about sitting on David's throne, we see when this will happen ez2127.
 18  Neither shall the priests the Levites want a man before me to offer burnt offerings, and to kindle meat offerings, and to do sacrifice continually.
 19  And the word of the LORD came unto Jeremiah, saying,
 20  Thus saith the LORD; If ye can break my covenant of the day, and my covenant of the night, and that there should not be day and night in their season;
 21  Then may also my covenant be broken with David my servant, that he should not have a son to reign upon his throne; and with the Levites the priests, my ministers.
 22  As the host of heaven cannot be numbered, neither the sand of the sea measured: so will I multiply the seed of David my servant, and the Levites that minister unto me.
  18 - Meat offerings That is grain or meal offerings. The word, meat, is to be understood as "food" in today's English.
  20, 21 - Covenant of the day Breaking this physical covenant would mean losing the certainty of the day and night we live in. This is impossible for the Jewish nation (or for us) as is the Lord's breaking the promise of someone to sit on David's throne.
  22 - As the host The host would mean the stars which are like a mighty army.
  22 - I will multiply Many will be saved for eternity although they will be a relatively small remnant re1217.
 23  Moreover the word of the LORD came to Jeremiah, saying,
 24  Considerest thou not what this people have spoken, saying, The two families which the LORD hath chosen, he hath even cast them off? thus they have despised my people, that they should be no more a nation before them.
  24 - What this people have spoken It appeared that even the two most secure groups, David and the Levites, were forsaken je3242, v10 above. This, however, was the wrong conclusion as is evident in the chapter. It was a faithless worry.
 25  Thus saith the LORD; If my covenant be not with day and night, and if I have not appointed the ordinances of heaven and earth;
 26  Then will I cast away the seed of Jacob, and David my servant, so that I will not take any of his seed to be rulers over the seed of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob: for I will cause their captivity to return, and have mercy on them.
  25 - My covenant The Lord's covenant with us, expressed in His moral law is as certain as the laws of nature, also under His control. je3135, ge0822, ps7416.
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