Genesis 3

The serpent's attack 1
The first lie spoken on earth 4
Sin enters 6
Adam and Eve's response 10
Curses and blessings 14
Mother Eve; Coats of skins 20
Adam and Eve sent out of the garden 22
Literary structure of the chapter, note 1
Origin of sin, note 2, Chiastic pattern of rebellion and death - go
Parallels between chapters 1 and 3 indicating the same author, note 3
.1 ¶ Now the serpent was more subtil than any beast of the field which the LORD God had made. And he said unto the woman, Yea, hath God said, Ye shall not eat of every tree of the garden?
 2  And the woman said unto the serpent, We may eat of the fruit of the trees of the garden:
 3  But of the fruit of the tree which is in the midst of the garden, God hath said, Ye shall not eat of it, neither shall ye touch it, lest ye die.
.4  And the serpent said unto the woman, Ye shall not surely die:
 5  For God doth know that in the day ye eat thereof, then your eyes shall be opened, and ye shall be as gods, knowing good and evil.
  Link codes often point to a group of several verses.
   4 - Ye shall not surely die Eve had quoted but added the "touch" part. See on His statement to understand what these words mean ge0216. Satan has, ever since, been promoting this lie. He teaches that, instead of dying, people live forever in either heaven or hell or somewhere between. We discuss this topic at several points in this commentary, link.
   We examine Satan's end-time occult attack on our children, too, p&hp.
.6 ¶ And when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to be desired to make one wise, she took of the fruit thereof, and did eat, and gave also unto her husband with her; and he did eat.
.7  And the eyes of them both were opened, and they knew that they were naked; and they sewed fig leaves together, and made themselves aprons.
   6 - The woman saw She had accepted Satan's lie through the serpent and obeyed him by eating. This was disobedience to God. First she, then Adam, accepted the rule of Satan.
   6 - Food ... eyes ... wise These three points of represent general areas of temptation.
   7 - Eyes opened Notice that their eyes had somehow seen differently before their sin. Angels are apparently clothed in light 2co1114, ac1207. I suggest that Adam and Eve had been given natural garments of light as the angels had had ps00805, ps10402. They were not, as artists show them, hiding parts of their bodies behind convenient bushes. The robe of Christ's righteousness is symbolic is6110 but, in heaven, I believe it will also be literal, pure light. We will find out one day.
  7 - Fig leaves The leaves were probably very large. Adam and Eve may have been two to three times larger than we are. With sin and the permission to eat clean flesh food, the race began to deteriorate.
.8  And they heard the voice of the LORD God walking in the garden in the cool of the day: and Adam and his wife hid themselves from the presence of the LORD God amongst the trees of the garden.
.9 ¶ And the LORD God called unto Adam, and said unto him, Where art thou?
.10  And he said, I heard thy voice in the garden, and I was afraid, because I was naked; and I hid myself.
.11 ¶ And he said, Who told thee that thou wast naked? Hast thou eaten of the tree, whereof I commanded thee that thou shouldest not eat?
.12  And the man said, The woman whom thou gavest to be with me, she gave me of the tree, and I did eat.
.13  And the LORD God said unto the woman, What is this that thou hast done? And the woman said, The serpent beguiled me, and I did eat.
   8 - Lord God walking Before passing sentence in judgment the Lord investigates mal3note5.
   11 - Who told thee? No one needed to. He was experiencing the knowledge of evil ge0217.
   11 - Naked Compare ex3225 and re0317.
   12 - Woman whom thou gavest Adam blames God.

   When our first parents sinned, God was their judge acting in a way that they could understand His fairness. There were three parts in the process:
  His call to them, beginning v9
  Investigation Asked for an accounting, v11.
  Passing of sentence After hearing the excuses and considering their behavior mt1236, v14.
   Before coming to take us home jn1401, He will do the same for us who claim to be His, except that He will take our place before the throne 2co0510, ro0210. If found faithful, He will plead His blood for us ro0508.
.14 ¶ And the LORD God said unto the serpent, Because thou hast done this, thou art cursed above all cattle, and above every beast of the field; upon thy belly shalt thou go, and dust shalt thou eat all the days of thy life:
.15  And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it [he] shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel.
   14 - Cursed The Lord cursed the serpent but not Eve and Adam. Satan had already gone past the point of repentance and was cast out of heaven re1208.
   15 - [He] shall bruise thy head The Seed, the coming Redeemer, would destroy Satan (the serpent re1209), just as women kill snakes. God did not wait long before telling Adam and Eve about the plan of salvation.
.16 ¶ Unto the woman he said, I will greatly multiply thy sorrow and thy conception; in sorrow thou shalt bring forth children; and thy desire shall be to thy husband, and he shall rule over thee.   Desire In the desire for their husbands, sincere women would hope for the honor of giving birth to the Seed that would crush the serpent's head.  Eve must have expected the promise of the Messiah to be fulfilled through one of her own children ge0401, ge0425. Fulfilled to Mary lu0126-31, 42.
.17a And unto Adam he said, Because thou hast hearkened unto the voice of thy wife, and hast eaten of the tree, of which I commanded thee, saying, Thou shalt not eat of it: cursed is the ground for thy sake; in sorrow shalt thou eat of it all the days of thy life;
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   Adam Hebrew, adam, which means "man." This is the first appearance of the word as a name "Adam." Prior occurrences in the KJV ge0219, ge0223, ge0308,9. are also translated in the KJV "Adam" although the text actually reads ha'adam or "the man." God no longer refers to him as the special one created with the divine hands and breath but as a man, fallen as others would be who were to follow.
Comments begin at the left.
   Hearkened unto the voice of thy wife Adam knew he was sinning. As Eve had accepted the serpent's appeal above that of her creator, so Adam had made Eve a higher authority than the life giver. He would suffer from the dust and eventually return to it. He had also despised His role as spiritual leader of the family. (To hearken to means to pay close attention to here "to accept.").
   We must not assume from this that women cannot go directly to God or that they are inferior. In fact, above, we saw that the Lord addressed Eve when He gave the promise of a redeemer. As a help-meet the wife's role is simply different. Man and wife are to stand side by side.
.17b And unto Adam he said, Because thou hast hearkened unto the voice of thy wife, and hast eaten of the tree, of which I commanded thee, saying, Thou shalt not eat of it: cursed is the ground for thy sake; in sorrow shalt thou eat of it all the days of thy life;   Cursed is the ground for thy sake It was part of the "earth" over which he was to rule  ge0128. Because Adam had rebelled against God, the ground God had created for ease of cultivation would now yield to him burdened by the curse. It was for his sake because of his sin. Note that God did not curse Adam or Eve.
  Days of thy life Confirmation. He would die, but there  was the promise of v15. Through the Seed, he could live again. God used the same word "sorrow" as He had in speaking to Eve. Adam's, too, would be a life of hardship and pain.
.18  Thorns also and thistles shall it bring forth to thee; and thou shalt eat the herb of the field;   Thorns ... thistles Something new. This continues the curse on the ground.
  Herb Or green plant ge0111, ge0129. Perhaps different from the herb of 1:29 in that this is the "herb of the field." Maybe originally intended for the beasts of the field ge0219. A needed addition to the original diet of 1:29.
.19  In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread, till thou return unto the ground; for out of it wast thou taken: for dust thou art, and unto dust shalt thou return.   Sweat Finding food would no longer to be by a stroll through the garden. This hardship, however, would be a needed blessing. Hard work and responsibility builds character.
  Dust A fundamental principle. We do not go to our reward at death but to the ground to await the resurrection. Clarified at re1114g. See more on what the Bible teaches about death.
.20 ¶ And Adam called his wife's name Eve; because she was the mother of all living.   Name Eve The word translated "Eve" is from ancient Hebrew chawwah seen in old Phoenician inscriptions. It means "life." In the Hebrew Moses would have known the word is chayyah. He would have been well educated as the son of the daughter of Pharaoh ex0210. He may have used the ancient word to emphasize the time so far back in history. Our word, Eve, is from a Septuagint transliteration, eua.
  Mother This name was a strong affirmation of faith on the part of Adam. God had said that the woman would crush the serpent's head v15.
.21 ¶ Unto Adam also and to his wife did the LORD God make coats of skins, and clothed them.    21 - Skins An animal had to die to clothe Adam and Eve. We can see how God used this sad experience to help them understand about the coming Seed (Christ) who would die to cover their spiritual nakedness with His robe of righteousness. He would be seen in the sacrifical animals. We can see, in the next chapter, how the system of sacrifices had been given to our first parents.
.22 ¶ And the LORD God said, Behold, the man is become as one of us, to know good and evil: and now, lest he put forth his hand, and take also of the tree of life, and eat, and live for ever:   Man ... know good and evil So Satan was partly right in what he told Eve v.5. This is typical of his deception. We must each evaluate what we believe to be sure it is based completely on God's word.
  Take also of the tree ... and live for ever God could have changed the effect of the tree of life for them but He preserved the role He had given to it. The tree of life with its alternative, the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, stood as tangible evidence to Adam and Eve of how they related to His plan for their happiness. That plan was expressed at Sinai in the commandments ex20. and confirmed by Christ mt0518. God's law stands as unchangeable as the tree of life. Our life in eternity is through the tree re2202.
23  Therefore the LORD God sent him forth from the garden of Eden, to till the ground from whence he was taken.
.24  So he drove out the man; and he placed at the east of the garden of Eden Cherubims, and a flaming sword which turned every way, to keep the way of the tree of life.
  24 - Drove them out Sad story but God still loved Adam and Eve. We can see from this verse that the garden remained. At the time of the flood, it would have been destroyed. I believe God removed this special home and we will find it in the earth made new although the Bible doesn't tell us this, and it doesn't matter. Jesus is preparing a place for us and it will be wonderful jn1401ff.
  24 - Flaming sword Better translated "glittering of a sword." The expression may represent the light that was a like a sword that turned. Also see on ex2601.
Thought questions
  1. The tree of life will be in heaven Rev. 22:2. The tree of the knowledge of good and evil is not seen there. Why do you think it will not be there?
  2. Love is the principle of heaven 1 Cor. 13:13. Could we love God or others without the right or the capacity to say No?
Genesis 3 notes
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