John 20

Women and disciples went to the sepulchre 1
Mary Magdalene discovers Jesus 11
Jesus visits the disciples who were behind closed doors 19
Thomas doubted 24
More could be written 30
Text Comments
The resurrection. Matt. 28:1-15; Luke 24:1-12; Mark 16:1-11; John 20:1-18.
For a suggested sequence of resurrection events, go .
.1 ¶ The first day of the week cometh Mary Magdalene early, when it was yet dark, unto the sepulchre, and seeth the stone taken away from the sepulchre.
.2  Then she runneth, and cometh to Simon Peter, and to the other disciple, whom Jesus loved, and saith unto them, They have taken away the Lord out of the sepulchre, and we know not where they have laid him.
  2 - Disciple, whom Jesus loved John's way of speaking of himself. Compare re0109.
.3  Peter therefore went forth, and that other disciple, and came to the sepulchre.
 4  So they ran both together: and the other disciple did outrun Peter, and came first to the sepulchre.
.5  And he stooping down, and looking in, saw the linen clothes lying; yet went he not in.
 6  Then cometh Simon Peter following him, and went into the sepulchre, and seeth the linen clothes lie,
 7  And the napkin, that was about his head, not lying with the linen clothes, but wrapped together in a place by itself.
 8  Then went in also that other disciple, which came first to the sepulchre, and he saw, and believed.
 9  For as yet they knew not the scripture, that he must rise again from the dead.
 10  Then the disciples went away again unto their own home.
.11 ¶ But Mary stood without at the sepulchre weeping: and as she wept, she stooped down, and looked into the sepulchre,
.12  And seeth two angels in white sitting, the one at the head, and the other at the feet, where the body of Jesus had lain.
  7 - Napkin ... wrapped Or "grave cloths ... folded." An insight about our Lord and evidence that the body was not stolen.
  9 - Knew not the scripture They hadn't understood the OT predictions such as ps01610, ac0225. Nor had those on the way to Emmaus lu2425.
  12 - In white Likely robes of light re0709. 2co1114, mt2803. And the robes lost by Eve and Adam when they sinned ge0310.
13  And they say unto her, Woman, why weepest thou? She saith unto them, Because they have taken away my Lord, and I know not where they have laid him.
.14  And when she had thus said, she turned herself back, and saw Jesus standing, and knew not that it was Jesus.
.15  Jesus saith unto her, Woman, why weepest thou? whom seekest thou? She, supposing him to be the gardener, saith unto him, Sir, if thou have borne him hence, tell me where thou hast laid him, and I will take him away.
 16  Jesus saith unto her, Mary. She turned herself, and saith unto him, Rabboni; which is to say, Master.
.17  Jesus saith unto her, Touch me not; for I am not yet ascended to my Father: but go to my brethren, and say unto them, I ascend unto my Father, and your Father; and to my God, and your God.
 18  Mary Magdalene came and told the disciples that she had seen the Lord, and that he had spoken these things unto her.

  15 -Tell me She remembered the loss and resurrection of her brother jn11.
  16 - Rabboni Meaning "my great one." As "Rabbi" it was used to address teachers.
  17 - Touch me not Or "Stop clinging to me" NASB. May be translated "Stop attempting to touch me" which would be correct if He was to see the Father before having human contact. Compare touching Him later mt2809. In ascending to the Father He would receive His approval. Compare mr0111.
  17 - My father and your father Indicating that His relationship to the Father was different from hers. Compare jn1718, jn1721.
.19 ¶ Then the same day at evening, being the first day of the week, when the doors were shut where the disciples were assembled for fear of the Jews, came Jesus and stood in the midst, and saith unto them, Peace be unto you.
.20  And when he had so said, he shewed unto them his hands and his side. Then were the disciples glad, when they saw the Lord.
 21  Then said Jesus to them again, Peace be unto you: as my Father hath sent me, even so send I you.
  19 - Same day at evening Was this on the first day? The Greek word translated "evening" or "even" means the time of the sunset mr0132 and could also imply the time just following sunset. The time of Jesus' visit would have been Sunday evening although technically part of the second day. The dark part of the 24-hour period came first ge0105.
  19 - Disciples were assembled Why? It was not for a worship service although we may reasonably assume that they were praying.
  20 - Disciples glad when they saw Jesus had predicted this joy jn1620.
.22  And when he had said this, he breathed on them, and saith unto them, Receive ye the Holy Ghost:
 23  Whose soever sins ye remit, they are remitted unto them; and whose soever sins ye retain, they are retained.
  22 - Receive ye the Holy Ghost [Spirit] A partial reception or perhaps one for particular purposes. The Spirit would be given in great power at Pentecost ac02.
  23 - Whose soever sins Jesus had explained how to deal with erring believers individually and when representing the church mt1801-35. It's important to understand that He did not give them the authority over the courts of heaven. Such was Satan's objective is1413, lu0521. To lead church members to righteous living and to condemn their sins is the responsibility of the church. This is redemptive discipline. We may understand that minor differences of opinion would be ignored. Jesus is assuming that church leaders would act in love and in conformity to the divine precepts that they would be guided by the Holy Spirit as indicated by the preceding verse. Then heaven would agree. This advice of Jesus would help believers understand the seriousness of sin.
.24  But Thomas, one of the twelve, called Didymus, was not with them when Jesus came.
.25  The other disciples therefore said unto him, We have seen the Lord. But he said unto them, Except I shall see in his hands the print of the nails, and put my finger into the print of the nails, and thrust my hand into his side, I will not believe.
.26 ¶ And after eight days again his disciples were within, and Thomas with them: then came Jesus, the doors being shut, and stood in the midst, and said, Peace be unto you.
.27  Then saith he to Thomas, Reach hither thy finger, and behold my hands; and reach hither thy hand, and thrust it into my side: and be not faithless, but believing.
.28  And Thomas answered and said unto him, My Lord and my God.
 29  Jesus saith unto him, Thomas, because thou hast seen me, thou hast believed: blessed are they that have not seen, and yet have believed.
  24 - Thomas Compare mr0318.
  24 - Twelve There were only 10 at the time because both Judas and Thomas were absent.
  25 - Except I see Doubt may be a habit. God gives ample evidence but not absolute proof. He allows room for faith. Even ministers and those who interpret the Bible may take counsel from Jesus here. Compare mr0924.
  28 - My Lord and my God Those who doubt the divinity of God and still want to believe the Scriptures have to twist this verse. If Jesus were not divine, to accept this kind of worship would be blasphemy. It would be deceitful. Compare jn0938. The word translated "God" here is theos. It does not mean "a god."
.30  And many other signs truly did Jesus in the presence of his disciples, which are not written in this book:
.31  But these are written, that ye might believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God; and that believing ye might have life through his name.
  31 - That ye might believe that A glorious purpose fulfilled by the grace of God. Remember that the word, "Christ" comes from the Greek equivalent of "Messiah." "Jesus" may be thought of as our Lord's human name. John's apocalypse is called "The Revelation of Jesus Christ." re0101.

Previous chapter
John home
Commentary home