Luke 17

Faith, Duty 1
Ten Lepers 11
Understanding the kingdom of God  20
Christ comes as lightning, suffering first  24
As the days of Lot - Sodom - Life lost by trying to save it  28
One is taken 34
Luke 17:1-10, Forgiveness, Faith, and Service.
 1 ¶ Then said he unto the disciples, It is impossible but that offences will come: but woe unto him, through whom they come!
 2  It were better for him that a millstone were hanged about his neck, and he cast into the sea, than that he should offend one of these little ones.
  Offenses Literally "occasions for stumbling." mt0529.
  Then he said Assuming this chapter follows chapter 16 in time, Jesus had just finished telling a story to the Pharisees lu1614. In the story, Abraham had told the rich man suffering in the fire that warning his brothers (the other Pharisees) would not change their minds because they didn't believe Moses and the prophets. They had rejected Him as the Messiah in spite of the most compelling evidence. The counsel which follows leads us to believe that this chapter does not follow chapter 16 in time.   Little ones Probably people who were children in faith and understanding mr1015
 3  Take heed to yourselves: If thy brother trespass against thee, rebuke him; and if he repent, forgive him.
 4  And if he trespass against thee seven times in a day, and seven times in a day turn again to thee, saying, I repent; thou shalt forgive him.
 5  And the apostles said unto the Lord, Increase our faith.
.6  And the Lord said, If ye had faith as a grain of mustard seed, ye might say unto this sycamore tree, Be thou plucked up by the root, and be thou planted in the sea; and it should obey you.
  3 - If he repents And even if he doesn't. See on mr1125f.
  4 - Seven times in a day Compare mt1821.
  5 - Apostles Luke may have used the term to include more than the twelve. The term literally means a messenger or one sent. This could have included the seventy sent as missionaries lu1001.
  5 - Increase our faith See on mt1720.
.7  But which of you, having a servant plowing or feeding cattle, will say unto him by and by, when he is come from the field, Go and sit down to meat?
 8  And will not rather say unto him, Make ready wherewith I may sup, and gird thyself, and serve me, till I have eaten and drunken; and afterward thou shalt eat and drink?
.9  Doth he thank that servant because he did the things that were commanded him? I trow [think] not.
 10  So likewise ye, when ye shall have done all those things which are commanded you, say, We are unprofitable servants: we have done that which was our duty to do.
   Jesus would not be recommending the behavior of this master. He certainly did not act this way jn1314. If you study the verses prayerfully, you can understand.
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  10 - Unprofitable servants They had only done their duty. We do not honor God by doing as little as possible, only following the minimum rules God has given, but by doing all we can for Christ who died for us. See 1co0916.
Luke 17:11-19, Ten Lepers
 11 ¶ And it came to pass, as he went to Jerusalem, that he passed through the midst of Samaria and Galilee.
 11 ¶ On the way to Jerusalem he was passing along between Samaria and Galilee. (RSV)
.12  And as he entered into a certain village, there met him ten men that were lepers, which stood afar off:
 13  And they lifted up their voices, and said, Jesus, Master, have mercy on us.
.14  And when he saw them, he said unto them, Go shew yourselves unto the priests. And it came to pass, that, as they went, they were cleansed.
 15  And one of them, when he saw that he was healed, turned back, and with a loud voice glorified God,
.16  And fell down on his face at his feet, giving him thanks: and he was a Samaritan.
 17  And Jesus answering said, Were there not ten cleansed? but where are the nine?
 18  There are not found that returned to give glory to God, save this stranger.
 19  And he said unto him, Arise, go thy way: thy faith hath made thee whole.
  11 - Went to Jerusalem Apparently the time Jesus avoided hostility developed from the raising of Lazarus jn1154. He thus moved northward as our verse describes and likely circled back going through Peraea on His final journey to the cross.
  12 - Ten men They would have been along the route Jesus took into the city. They seem to have followed the rules imposed on them more than did the lepers described by Mark mr0140.
  14 - Shew yourselves According to the law of Moses. Compare mr0143.
  15 - One How often we take for granted the blessings of God.
  16,17 - Gave thanks ... where are the nine? Showing appreciation is important to God. It also strengthens our own faith and closeness to God. re0121.
  16 - He was a Samaritan Racism is still a temptation today. When we sense God's love for those different from us, we are awed.
17:20-23, Understanding the kingdom of God
 20 ¶ And when he was demanded of the Pharisees, when the kingdom of God should come, he answered them and said, The kingdom of God cometh not with observation:
.21  Neither shall they say, Lo here! or, lo there! for, behold, the kingdom of God is within you.
 22  And he said unto the disciples, The days will come, when ye shall desire to see one of the days of the Son of man, and ye shall not see it.
 23  And they shall say to you, See here; or, see there: go not after them, nor follow them.
  20 - Kingdom ... not with observation They were looking for a powerful king to conqueror the Romans. The kingdom of heaven which Jesus spoke of is entered by responding to the quiet work of the Holy Spirit. When it is time v24, it will be visible and the righteous will be saved.
  20 - Not with observation Or "... with careful watching." See the next verse.
  21 - Kingdom ... within This may sound like a pantheistic idea where people become their own Gods or advance to the level of divinity. We know that such is not the case de0604, ps10003. We also know that the Pharisees were not living by the principles of  the kingdom of heaven. Jesus was telling them where to look not in a physical location v20 but in their own hearts. By seeking God in humility and total heart surrender, they would find Him de0429, je2913. So may we!
Luke 17:24-32, Christ comes as lighting.
 24  For as the lightning, that lighteneth out of the one part under heaven, shineth unto the other part under heaven; so shall also the Son of man be in his day.
 25  But first must he suffer many things, and be rejected of this generation.
.26  And as it was in the days of Noe, so shall it be also in the days of the Son of man.
.27  They did eat, they drank, they married wives, they were given in marriage, until the day that Noe entered into the ark, and the flood came, and destroyed them all.
  24 - Lightning See mt2427. When Jesus returns He will not appear here and there. In fact, He will not come all the way to the earth 1th0416. The idea that Mary would appear is not biblical. If Satan can appear as an angel of light, he can arrange for appearances of one of his angels to pretend to be Mary. 2co1114, ro0512, 1co1522. We can depend on the Scriptures, not on our senses pr1412.
  25 - First ... suffer This verse explains the darkness over the Jewish nation. They wanted to believe only part of the prophecies, the glory part. See is53.
  26 - Noe Noah
  27 - Eat, drink ... and surprise The problem wasn't lack of information. It was lack of faith. Jesus says, v30, it will be this way when He returns.
.28  Likewise also as it was in the days of Lot; they did eat, they drank, they bought, they sold, they planted, they builded;
.29  But the same day that Lot went out of Sodom it rained fire and brimstone from heaven, and destroyed them all.
 30  Even thus shall it be in the day when the Son of man is revealed.
 31  In that day, he which shall be upon the housetop, and his stuff in the house, let him not come down to take it away: and he that is in the field, let him likewise not return back.
.32  Remember Lot's wife.
 33  Whosoever shall seek to save his life shall lose it; and whosoever shall lose his life shall preserve it.

   29 - Destroyed them According to Jude 7 the fire was "eternal." Today this word and "forever" are used to mean without end. However, they generally do not mean this in the Bible. Here the consequences were permanent.
   30 - Not come down or go back When Jesus comes, it will be too late to prepare.
   32 - Remember No price we can pay is too great for heaven. v33 goes with this one.
Image from Heralds of the Morning, 1915.
Luke 17:34-37, One taken.
.34  I tell you, in that night there shall be two men in one bed; the one shall be taken, and the other shall be left.
 35  Two women shall be grinding together; the one shall be taken, and the other left.
 36  Two men shall be in the field; the one shall be taken, and the other left.
.37  And they answered and said unto him, Where, Lord? And he said unto them, Wheresoever the body is, thither will the eagles be gathered together.
  34 - One shall be taken Popular theories about the rapture explain that those left will have another chance and that Christ will come again visibly later. This idea requires taking passages like this out of their context. See re0107b, mt2437
  34 - Taken From paralambano which means "received" as in jn1402.
  37 - Where? This is the fate of the one that is left. The mention of  "eagles"  identifies the feast of the birds at the coming of Christ re1917page.
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