¶ And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,
2 Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, When ye be come into the land of your habitations, which I give unto you,
.3 And will make an offering by fire unto the LORD, a burnt offering, or a sacrifice in performing a vow, or in a freewill offering, or in your solemn feasts, to make a sweet savour unto the LORD, of the herd, or of the flock:
4 Then shall he that offereth his offering unto the LORD bring a meat offering of a tenth deal of flour mingled with the fourth part of an hin of oil.
.5 And the fourth part of an hin of wine for a drink offering shalt thou prepare with the burnt offering or sacrifice, for one lamb.
6 Or for a ram, thou shalt prepare for a meat offering two tenth deals of flour mingled with the third part of an hin of oil.
| 2 -
When ... into the land The ceremonial system was to expand when
Canaan was entered. The instruction would be applied only by the young
people not condemned to die in the wilderness.
3 - Fire On the altar.
3 - Burnt offering Completely burned. The morning and evening offerings were of this type. A lamb was slain each time for the sins of the whole congregation ex2938, le0103.
3 - Sacrifice Looking at v8 confirms that this is a peace offering. ex1812, le3, le1705. Freewill vow offerings would be of this type. le0716, le2221.
3 - Sweet savor Compare 2co0215.
4 - Meat offering The Hebrew term is simply "present, or "tribute." It originally meant any type of sacrifice ge0404. At Sinai it was limited to the cereal offerings.
4 - Tenth deal of flour Known as an omer which is a tenth of an ephah ex1636.
5 - Hin A tenth of a homer (or omer) or 3.67 liters or 3.88 qt. The wine would not have been fermented, jn0203. The fermentation process in bread represents sin. ex1215, mt1611.
| 7 And for a drink offering
thou shalt offer the third part of an hin of wine, for a sweet savour unto
.8 And when thou preparest a bullock for a burnt offering, or for a sacrifice in performing a vow, or peace offerings unto the LORD:
9 Then shall he bring with a bullock a meat offering of three tenth deals of flour mingled with half an hin of oil.
10 And thou shalt bring for a drink offering half an hin of wine, for an offering made by fire, of a sweet savour unto the LORD.
| 8 -
Simply to express love for God.
9 - Meat offering Hebrew minchah. It was a cereal offering.
| 11 Thus shall it be done for
one bullock, or for one ram, or for a lamb, or a kid.
12 According to the number that ye shall prepare, so shall ye do to every one according to their number.
13 All that are born of the country shall do these things after this manner, in offering an offering made by fire, of a sweet savour unto the LORD.
.14 And if a stranger sojourn with you, or whosoever be among you in your generations, and will offer an offering made by fire, of a sweet savour unto the LORD; as ye do, so he shall do.
15 One ordinance shall be both for you of the congregation, and also for the stranger that sojourneth with you, an ordinance for ever in your generations: as ye are, so shall the stranger be before the LORD.
16 One law and one manner shall be for you, and for the stranger that sojourneth with you.
- Number The proportions were important.
15 - One ordinance The sacrifices involved a relationship between the individual and God. Being an Israelite made no difference. By this principle, salvation comes to all in the same way ga0108. At v32 we consider Sabbath observance. This is a specific requirement which includes the "stranger" ex2010. The Sabbath is always observed according to the rule God has set in the fourth commandment. This means that the day God chose would not be subject to change by any individual or church. The rule for people before the cross and for those after it would be the same. At the cross, the animal sacrifices would end because the reality they symbolized had come. The weekly Sabbath, on the other hand, doesn't point to the cross but to creation ge0201 reminding us who made us ps10003.
And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,
18 Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, When ye come into the land whither I bring you,
.19 Then it shall be, that, when ye eat of the bread of the land, ye shall offer up an heave offering unto the LORD.
20 Ye shall offer up a cake of the first of your dough for an heave offering: as ye do the heave offering of the threshingfloor, so shall ye heave it.
21 Of the first of your dough ye shall give unto the LORD an heave offering in your generations.
- Bread of the land See ps10414.
20 - Cake A loaf for the priests nu1808.
¶ And if ye have erred, and not observed all these commandments, which
the LORD hath spoken unto Moses,
23 Even all that the LORD hath commanded you by the hand of Moses, from the day that the LORD commanded Moses, and henceforward among your generations;
24 Then it shall be, if ought be committed by ignorance without the knowledge of the congregation, that all the congregation shall offer one young bullock for a burnt offering, for a sweet savour unto the LORD, with his meat offering, and his drink offering, according to the manner, and one kid of the goats for a sin offering.
- By ignorance Or unintentionally. le0402.
24 - Without the knowledge ... congregation A sin not known to them.
|25 And the priest shall make an atonement for all the congregation of the children of Israel, and it shall be forgiven them; for it is ignorance: and they shall bring their offering, a sacrifice made by fire unto the LORD, and their sin offering before the LORD, for their ignorance:||Atonement for ... congregation It was a national sin. Today we are tempted to hate or pity people in war situations. People who are involved directly or by observation are responsible to God for their feelings. John lists four results of hating our brother whether next to us or far away 1jo0209,11, 1jo0315, 1jo0420.|
|26 And it shall be forgiven all the congregation of the children of Israel, and the stranger that sojourneth among them; seeing all the people were in ignorance.||Stranger This person had apparently turned the emotions of the people and they had unwitingly become influenced.|
| 27 And if any soul sin through
ignorance, then he shall bring a she goat of the first year for a sin offering.
28 And the priest shall make an atonement for the soul that sinneth ignorantly, when he sinneth by ignorance before the LORD, to make an atonement for him; and it shall be forgiven him.
29 Ye shall have one law for him that sinneth through ignorance, both for him that is born among the children of Israel, and for the stranger that sojourneth among them.
|27 - Any soul Any person.|
¶ But the soul that doeth ought presumptuously, whether he be born
in the land, or a stranger, the same reproacheth the LORD; and that soul
shall be cut off from among his people.
31 Because he hath despised the word of the LORD, and hath broken his commandment, that soul shall utterly be cut off; his iniquity shall be upon him.
- Presumptuously Or intentionally. See de1712,
31 - Despised the word of the Lord See 2sa1909, pr1313, pr1916.
And while the children of Israel were in the wilderness, they found a man
that gathered sticks upon the sabbath day.
33 And they that found him gathering sticks brought him unto Moses and Aaron, and unto all the congregation.
34 And they put him in ward, because it was not declared what should be done to him.
35 And the LORD said unto Moses, The man shall be surely put to death: all the congregation shall stone him with stones without the camp.
36 And all the congregation brought him without the camp, and stoned him with stones, and he died; as the LORD commanded Moses.
- Gathering sticks ... sabbath Notice that the rule is for the time
in the wilderness ex1623,
Later they would often need fires to keep warm. Of course the fuel was
to be gathered before the Sabbath in either case. The Lord's day of rest
was important, even in the wilderness. Reference is to the weekly Sabbath
although the principle would apply to the feast sabbaths as well ex1627,
This is an example of presumptuous sin. See v30.
35 - Stone him The penalty for serious crimes le2001, le2414. Some see God as harsh. Although the penalty for sin is delayed, it is just as certain for those who sin presumptuously. Punishment gives God no pleasure ez3311.
¶ And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,
38 Speak unto the children of Israel, and bid them that they make them fringes in the borders of their garments throughout their generations, and that they put upon the fringe of the borders a ribband of blue:
39 And it shall be unto you for a fringe, that ye may look upon it, and remember all the commandments of the LORD, and do them; and that ye seek not after your own heart and your own eyes, after which ye use to go a whoring:
40 That ye may remember, and do all my commandments, and be holy unto your God.
41 I am the LORD your God, which brought you out of the land of Egypt, to be your God: I am the LORD your God.
- Fringes in the borders Literally "Fringes at the wings." See mt1436,
The fringes are often considered to be the edges or hem of the garment.
The Hebrew word translated "fringes" also describes the gold plate or crown
on Aaron's headband. ex2836. See
it also as "wings" and "a lock" of hair. je4809,
39 - Remember We may see the blue thread or cloth marking the garments as symbolic of the fact that the covenant of promise made them different.
40 - Commandments ... holy Doing the commandments didn't make the people holy. Living by the principles of the commandments was evidence of a sanctified character received through the strength of God ha0204, is2705.
40 - Be holy It is a responsibility the Lord has given. We are naturally and helplessly wicked je1323 but in His strength we may overcome evil 2pe0104.